Chapter 1 - Psychology Science Psychology 210 Dr Akiyama...

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Psychology 210 Dr. Akiyama Fall 2008
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What is Psychology? Psychology is the systematic, scientific study of behaviors and mental processes Behaviors refers to observable actions or responses Mental processes such as thinking, imagining, studying, and dreaming
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Goals of Psychology Describe-Behavior Explain-Causes of Behavior (Why?) Predict-Behavior (When? Where?) Control-Behavior
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How do psychologists answer questions? Approaches to understanding behavior include: Biological Cognitive Behavioral Psychoanalytic Humanistic Cross cultural
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Research Methods
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SCIENTIFIC METHOD The Scientific Method An approach of gathering information and answering questions so that errors and biases are minimized
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Finding Research Questions Imagination is more important than knowledge. Albert Einstein Everyday life Practical issues Past research ... books, articles, and the internet . .. So easy ?
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Scientific Methods The Research Process The first step is to develop a theory . An organized set of principles used to explain observed phenomena. Darwin’s theory of Evolution Freud’s theory of Psychosexual Development
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Step 2 The second step is to form a hypothesis . A tentative
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Chapter 1 - Psychology Science Psychology 210 Dr Akiyama...

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