Social psychology - Social Psychology Psychology 210 Dr....

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Social Psychology Psychology 210 Dr. Akiyama Fall 2008
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Definition Social Psychology The scientific study of how individual thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are affected by other people .
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Personality Psychology
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Social Psychology
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Social Psychology Earliest Social Psychology Experiments Norman Triplett, 1897-1898 Max Ringelmann, 1880s
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Social Relations Helping Others…
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Helping Prosocial behavior Any behavior that benefits others or has positive social consequences
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Why Do People Help Others? Egoistic helping Wanting something in return for helping Motivated by distress Altruistic helping Expecting nothing in return for helping Motivated by empathy
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Who Helps Whom? Helpful Personality Similarity Men are more helpful in broader public sphere, toward strangers and in emergencies Women are more helpful in family sphere, toward close relationships and in repeated contact
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Helping in the U.S.A. From "Helpfulness Index: How U.S. Cities Rank," The Boston Globe, July 7, 1994.
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Bystander Effect Bystander Effect - The presence of others inhibits helping in an emergency Kitty Genovese Murder 38 Witnesses 30 minute murder No Help
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Diffusion of Responsibility Diffusion of Responsibility A tendency for bystanders to assume that someone else will help
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Decision-stage model of helping Five stages in deciding to help 1. Notice the situation 2. Interpret it as one in which help is needed 3. Assume personal responsibility 4. Choose a form of assistance 5. Carry out that assistance
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Aggression
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Defining Aggression Aggression An intentional behavior Intent is to harm The victim wants to avoid harm Violence Aggression, with the goal of extreme physical harm
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Armin Meiwes? Aggression?
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2012 for the course PSYCH 210 taught by Professor Akiyama during the Fall '08 term at Diablo Valley College.

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Social psychology - Social Psychology Psychology 210 Dr....

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