MaoZedongGlobalAsiaFinal.docx

MaoZedongGlobalAsiaFinal.docx - Karan Soman/ Mirela David/...

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Karan Soman/ Mirela David/ MAP: Global Asia Final Paper/ 15 th December 2011 A True Revolutionary Mao was born in 1893, into a China that appeared to be falling apart. The fading Qin dynasty could not contain the spiraling social and economic unrest, and had mortgaged China's revenues and many of its natural resources to the apparently insatiable foreign powers. It was, Mao who later told his biographer Edgar Snow, that it was a time when "the dismemberment of China" seemed imminent, and only heroic actions by China's youth could save the day. When China emerged from a half century of revolution as the world’s most populous nation and launched itself on a path of economic development and social change, Mao Zedong occupied a critical place in the story of the country’s resurgence. Looking at the whole period from the foundation of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921 to Mao’s death in 1976, one can fairly regard Mao Zedong as the principal architect of the new China. He famously said, “Whoever sides with the revolutionary people is a revolutionary. Whoever sides with imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism is a counter-revolutionary. Whoever sides with the revolutionary people in word only but not in deed is a revolutionary in word. Whoever sides with the revolutionary people in deed as well as in word is a true revolutionary.” And it was words like these, taken from his closing address at the Second Session of the First National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference on June 23, 1950 that are evidence to this fact. Mao went to Peking University, China’s leading intellectual center precisely during the months leading up to the May Fourth Movement of 1919, which was to a considerable extent the fountainhead of all of the changes that were to take place in China in the ensuing half century. In an editorial published in July 1919, Mao wrote: “The world is ours, the nation is ours, society is ours. If we do not speak, who will speak? If we do not act, who will act?” His writings at the 1
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Karan Soman/ Mirela David/ MAP: Global Asia Final Paper/ 15 th December 2011 time were filled with references to the “army of the red flag” and by January 1921 he was finally committed to Marxism as the philosophical basis of the revolution in China, although it may have been a lightly altered philosophy. From then onward his generation never ceased to regard itself as responsible for the nation’s fate, and, The People's Republic of China was established on October 1, 1949. It was the culmination of over two decades of civil and international wars. From 1943 to 1976, Mao was the Chairman of the Communist Party of China. During this
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2012 for the course MAP MAP-UA.546 taught by Professor Davidludden during the Fall '11 term at NYU.

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MaoZedongGlobalAsiaFinal.docx - Karan Soman/ Mirela David/...

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