- Black presence in pre Columbian America, linguistic evidence, cultural religious similarities, architectural botanical evidence, accounts of
Racial Identity problem of the color line
- basing on how they physically looked vs biology.
Ashley montagu= mans
dangerous myth. Stephen Jay Gould= modern plato- biological determinism, utility for groups in power, natural causes.
pigmentation modern day sickness, democracy rise of prodistan reformation, nationalism 1 shifting empires 2 europe modern world catholic church.
slavery colonisum 1 Spanish Portuguese 2 jews, musliums and Christians.
Hannah Arenat- Need to invent explanations for exploration
- racism is a feature of institutions and structures that ensures one group of people have less access to resources both material.
Acient vs Modern Slavery-
Slavery empire, scale= slavery/slavery otterman empire, possibility of manumission= being set free, race= skin pigmentation
as a basis for enslavement.
Slavery & America
- 1493- world in 2 halfs east Portugal west spain
. Paternalism and Racism-
racism grows out of
paternalism, ancient roots, colonial America, kipling white mans burden. Conceptualizing Racial identity- Historical, avoid racial essentialism (Cornel
West), relationship between oppression/resistance, command oppression. Clarence Thomas- first African to survive in Supreme Court, argued brown vs.
national Alzheimer’s disease.
Why did America turn to slave labor?
1. Indentured service 2. Sugar, coffee, tea, tobacco,
rice, animal farming. After this was found, the needed people to work.
What was the legal status of the first
Africans who came to America-
slaves in legal sense, Indentured servants.
Why the shift from indentured servitude to slavery?-
1. Conditions were challenging, many died and
people heard back in Europe 2. By mind 1600 England economy boomed and people re-thinked moving 3. People who made journey they didn’t want to
be a servant all their lives, Jamestown burned down “
because of the poor $ conditions, west country had to decide how to pull
Decline of people leaving Europe, $ opp in VA, caste system: 1 not white, will be there for life, EX George bush gets into
yale, defusing and redirecting class conflict.
slavery & social death, natal allenation, social dealth- power and domination.
from birth no rights.
Politics of language and representing slavery-
language and power: white = purity
Slavery and the US economy-
slavery takes over indentured labor, slaver holding = elite shaped economy and political future, 1776 DuBois blind spot negros= only natural resource.
Slavery in the US-