AVS Jan 26th

AVS Jan 26th - AVS 101: MWF 11:00-11:50 SOCIAL AND CULTURAL

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AVS 101: MWF 11:00-11:50 SOCIAL AND CULTURAL DIFFERENCES/ANIMAL ORIGINS January 26 th 2011 Religion- Animals play different roles : *Islam: ~ Blood completely drained ~ No pork ~ Dogs seemed as impure/rare as pets ~ Camels used as transportation and food *Judaism: ~ Blood completely drained/kosher food ~ Hunting for animals are forbidden ~ No pork *Hinduism and Buddhism ~ Cows are limited/forbidden to be slaughtered
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*Middle East ~ Animals were used for exchange for bride *Three Main types of agriculture: ~ Primitive Agriculture ~ Substance Agriculture ~ Developed Agriculture *Origin of Domesticated Animals ~ Dog-The Wolf ~ Goats- Wild Goat (same just bigger) ~ Sheep- Mouflan and Urial ~ Pig- Wild Boar ~ Cattle- Avroch ~ Chickens- Wild Fowl ~ Turkeys, Ducks, Geese- Wild ~Horse- Wild Horse *European Cattle Breeds in the US ~ Texas Longhorn
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~ Angus ~ Hereford ~ Charolais ~ Sheep- Marino Wool is the #1 *Swine ~ 1539 Desoto- Brought 1 pigs to the United States ~ 1542- 700 pigs (razorbacks) ~ Feral- Domesticated animals return to wild state *Horse ~ Coronado and Desoto- bought horses to US ~ Used for riding/ today used for racing TERMINOLOGY AND NUTRITON January 28, 2011 *Bovine Male- Bull Female- Cow Young Female- Hefer
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Newborn- Calf Castrated prior to maturity- Steer Castrated after maturity- Ox Birthing Process *Ovine Male- Ram Female- Ewe Young Female- Ewe Lamb Newborn- Lamb Castrated prior to maturity- Weather Castrated after maturity- Stag Birthing- Lambing *Equine- Horse Male- Stallion Female- Mare Young Male/ Female- Filly Colt Newborn- Foal Castrated prior to maturity- Gelding Castrated after maturity- Gelding
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Birthing Process- Foaling *Porcine Male- Boar Female- Sow Young Female- Gilt Newborn- Piglet Castrated prior to maturity- Barrow Castrated after maturity- Stag Birth Process- Farrowing *Chicken Male- Rooster Female- Hen Young Female- Pullet Newborn- Chicken Castrated Male- Capon *Turkey Male- Tom Female- Hen
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Newborn- Poult *Cat Male- Tom Female- Queen Newborn- Kitten Birthing Process- Queening *Dog Male- Stud Female- Bitch Newborn- Pup Birthing Process- Whelping Nutrition is the science of the food and the nutrients it contains ~ Role of nutrients in animal production ~ Relationship between human and animal nutrition *Needs ~Energy ~Growth
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~Maintenance ~Reproduction *Roughages ~ High Fiber ~ Low in energy ~ Digestibility varies with type and animal ~ Prevents Bloat *Concentrates ~ High in energy ~ Lower in fiber ~ 80- 90% digestibility *6 Classes of Nutrients ~ Water ~ Carb ~ Lipids ~ Proteins ~ Vitamins ~ Minerals
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*Water ~ Most Important ~ Plants = 70- 80% ~ Animals = 40- 80% ~ 10% loss = bodily functions affected ~ 20% loss = death ~ Young animals = more water/ Older animals = less water *Water Sources ~ Drinking ~ Food ~ Metabolic water - Glucose and oxygen Carbs + Breathing = Metabolic Water
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AVS Jan 26th - AVS 101: MWF 11:00-11:50 SOCIAL AND CULTURAL

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