phi February_17 - February 17,2009 Locke-Empiricist...

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February 17,2009 Locke-Empiricist Representationalist= between the outside world and our minds’ ideas; truth between agreement Primary qualities- inherent (ex; size, shape) Secondary qualities- independent of the object (ex: taste) Measuring; perception doesn’t give us truth; experience primary qualities the better you get at direct access to knowledge (guess size) Degrees of knowledge [from strongest to weakest] 1) Direct or Intuitive knowledge o Immediate presentation of ideas to the mind o Self-evident, need not and cannot be proven o Clear and distinct (agrees with Descartes) Self-existence Intuitively true that I have certain ideas 2) Indirect or Mediate Rational Demonstrative knowledge A series of intuitively certain steps (geometry) This knowledge is certain if care is taken (rational) 3) Sensitive knowledge or probable knowledge o Beyond reasonable doubt; no necessary connection between ideas o Knowledge of external world o Problem of dreams, illusions—requires testimony of all senses
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phi February_17 - February 17,2009 Locke-Empiricist...

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