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hist 1-Civil_Rights_Movements_1950

hist 1-Civil_Rights_Movements_1950 - Civil Rights Movements...

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Civil Rights Movements 1950- 1970 n Background and context: African Americans n African Americans n Native Americans and Asian Americans n Hispanic Americans and Puerto Rican Americans n Women and the Elderly n Gay and Lesbian n Environmental Movement n Conclusions Background and context: African Americans n How do we define activism? Most text books that talk about civil rights start in the 1950’s… This is when you have rallies and marches…The big issue is activism. African Americans begin being activists in the 1600’s. Subtle resistance from slaves... Slaves took it upon themselves to fight for freedom. Slavery ends in the north largely because slaves go to court. They use same language of the constitution of the United States. n Frederick Douglass and Harriet Jacobs (Fred) Prominent leader in the 1800’s travleled the nation speaking against slavery…Both escape slavery… both wrote narratives… That is activism. They wrote their story… gave people a metal picture of what it was like. What was going on that no one was talking about… or brave enough to do so. She says openly she’s a runaway slave. This activism takes place in an environment of violence…very courageous. n WEB DuBois, Washington, Marcus Garvey
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WEB, dies in 1960 sees some of this was apart of the Niagara movement… Booker T has the accommodation stance… n The pursuit of equality among African Americans was not new in 1950 An Appeal to the colored citizens of the world but more expressly…etc… a pamplet. Most books tend to pick on this. Three changes to create a different movement 1. A Growing African American electorate in the North 2. Increasingly assertive African American Church in the South. A lot occur through the church…. 3. Television---Reading about slavery is one thing but seeing the actual images has an effect with citizens of the United States. Documentary is considered a secondary source… a document trying to make an argument using primary sources. African Americans n Segregation and violence De Jure- By law… A legal document that mandates public rest rooms must be segregated. Established under Plessy v. Fergusson De Facto- In Practice…as a fact of life… no legal document but it still exists.
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