The Birth of Geology

The Birth of Geology - TheBirthofGeology Although...

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The Birth of Geology           Although scientific observations concerning the earth go back at least as far as  Aristotle, Geology, as a science, had its birth in the European Enlightenment of the 18th  century.                A. Pre-18th Century Europe             European philosophy (and science) were dominated by ancient writings e.g. the  Bible.        In general it was felt that the world was not very old. That in the early days there had  been great disasters, volcanoes, flood etc. but that as mankind arrived, things had settled  down from the early chaos.   Geologic Time : Interpretations from biblical chronologies suggested to some that the  earth was about 6000 years old. This commonly held view was expressed by Archbishop  Ussher (1581-1656) among others.             He used his interpretation of biblical writings to proclaim that heaven and earth  were created the night before October 23 in the year 4004 BC. This was a widely held  opinion.              At the same time, thick layers of fossiliferous strata, deep canyons, enormous  deltas (slowly deposited by rivers), etc. suggested to some that the earth might be much  older.   IV. Relative Dating   A. Steno 1638-1686   Niels Stensen                Born in Copenhagen. Noted for his discoveries in human anatomy 
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2012 for the course GEOL 1420 taught by Professor Wagner during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.

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The Birth of Geology - TheBirthofGeology Although...

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