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gensg3_f09_pt 1

gensg3_f09_pt 1 - General Psychology Fall 2009 EXAM 3 STUDY...

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General Psychology Fall 2009 EXAM 3 -- STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 8 COGNITION AND INTELLIGENCE I. Problem Solving A. What is problem solving? B. Types of problems (basic definition & example for each) 1. inducing structure (e.g., analogies) 2. arrangement (e.g., anagrams) 3. transformation (e.g., logic problems) C. Barriers to problem solving (how does each hinder the problem-solving process?) 1. irrelevant information 2. functional fixedness 3. mental set 4. unnecessary constraints D. Problem-solving strategies 1. What is trial and error learning? 2. what are heuristics? a. forming subgoals b. working backwards c. using analogies d. changing the representation E. Impact of personality and culture 1. what is field dependence-independence? 2. how is it related to culture? II. Decision Making (what is it?) A. Choosing between alternatives 1. Decision strategies (how do they differ?) a. compensatory (additive vs. weighted) b. noncompensatory (elimination by aspects) 2. Conflict a. when does it occur (in decision making)? b. types of choice conflict B. Choosing under conditions of uncertainty C. Sources of bias in decision making 1. using heuristics (how does each work?) a. representativeness heuristic b. availability heuristic 2. ignoring baserate 3. law of small numbers 4. gambler's fallacy 5. confirmation bias 6. false consensus III. Basics of Psychological Testing A. Evaluating a test (be able to identify examples) 1. reliability (what does it tell us about the test? how is it usually measured?) 2. validity (what does it tell us about the test?) [don’t worry with the different types of validity] IV. Evolution of Intelligence Testing (know contributions listed) A. Galton (importance of heredity; correlation) Study Guide #3 1
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B. Binet (separated mental age and chronological age) C. Stanford-Binet test (IQ—how is it figured?) D. Weschler (improved measurement of intelligence in adults) V. Basic Questions About Intelligence Testing (be able to answer these questions) A. What kind of reasoning is generally measure by intelligence tests? B. What do IQ scores mean (today)? C. Are they testing potential or knowledge? D. Do intelligence tests have adequate reliability?
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gensg3_f09_pt 1 - General Psychology Fall 2009 EXAM 3 STUDY...

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