Unformatted text preview: Uniﬁed Engineering II Spring 2004 Problem S8 (Signals and Systems)
This problem shows why a radar system sends out a chirp, which has a broad range
of frquencies in the signal, and not a short sinusoidal pulse, which is at a single
frequency. To see why a sinusoidal pulse doesn’t work well, let’s try a radar signal
�
sin(2πt), −3 ≤ t ≤ 0
u(t) = 0,
otherwise
The matched ﬁlter for this pulse has impulse response
�
sin(−2πt), 0 ≤ t ≤ 3
g (t) = u(−t) =
0,
otherwise
The radar sends out a signal, u(t), that reﬂects oﬀ the aircraft and returns to the
radar system. The time it takes the signal to return is twice the distance to the
aircraft, divided by the speed of light. The received signal is u(t − T ), where T is the
round trip travel time of the signal. For the purposes of this problem, we can ignore
the time delay, T , and just look at how the matched ﬁlter response to u(t).
1. Find the convolution
y (t) = g (t) ∗ u(t)
You will ﬁnd it helpful to use the ﬂip and slide method to set up the integral. The
integral can be evaluated relatively easily in closed form, if you set up the integral
properly.
2. Plot y (t).
3. y (t) as plotted above is the signal that results when the roundtrip time of the
pulse is zero. When the delay time is greater, of course, the signal that results is
y (t − T ), which is just y (t) shifted right by T . What feature of y (t − T ) would
you use to identify the time T ?
4. Explain why it might be diﬃcult to determine T from a returned radar pulse,
especially if there is additional noise added to the signal.
5. The signal y (t) as plotted in Part 2 is called the ambiguity function, because
it helps determine how ambiguous the delay time T is in the presence of noise.
Explain why the ambiguity function corresponding to the chirp signal of Problem
S6 is better than the ambiguity function in this problem. ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2012 for the course AERO 16.01 taught by Professor Markdrela during the Fall '05 term at MIT.
 Fall '05
 MarkDrela

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