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QUIZ
2‐‐ALTERNATE
 
 Volcanoes
 
 1.
In
gen era l,
___________
will
b e
more
lik ely 
to
erupt 
exp losively.
 
 A.
a
h igh ly
v iscou s
ma gma
 


 B.
a
relativ ely 
lo w
v iscosity 
ma gma
 


 C.
h igh‐silica 
ma gma
 


 D.
lo w‐silica 
magma
 
 E.
both
a .
and
c.
 2.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
is
the
co rrect
o rder
of
d ecreasing
magma
v iscosity
due
to
d ecreasin g
silica
content ?
 
 A.
basa lt
–
and esite
–
rhyo lit e
 


 B.
rhyolit e
–
and esite
–
basalt
 


 C.
and esit e
–
rhyo lit e
–
basa lt
 


 D.
basalt 
–
rhyo lit e
–
and esite
 
 3.
A 
massiv e,
gently
slop ing
volcano 
built
of
su ccessiv e,
basa ltic
lava
flo ws
is
a
___.
 A.
cind er
con e
 B.
lava
dom e
 C.
sh ield
vo lcano
 D.
stratovo lcano
 
 4.
A 
lay ered
vo lcano
composed
of 
successive
lava 
and
pyro clastic
mat erial
bed s
is
a 
___.
 A.
cind er
con e
 B.
compo sit e
vo lcano
 C.
lava
dom e
 D.
shield
volcano
 
 5.
A 
relat ively
small
py roclastic
pile
is
a
___.
 A.
cind er
con e
 B.
lava
dom e
 C.
sh ield
vo lcano
 D.
stratovo lcano
 
 6.
Th e
vo lcano 
asso ciat ed
with
flu id
lava 
flo ws,
like
those
on 
Hawa ii,
is
a 
___.
 A.
cind er
con e
 B.
lava
dom e
 C.
sh ield
vo lcano
 D.
stratovo lcano
 
 7.
Th e
vo lcano 
asso ciat ed
with
explosive
eruption s,
such
a s
t hose
a ssociat ed
with 
subduct ion,
is
a 
___.
 A.
cind er
con e
 B.
lava
dom e
 C.
sh ield
vo lcano
 D.
stratovo lcano
 
 8.
Wh ich
vo lcano 
type
is
a
st eep‐sid ed,
tall
mounta in
presen t
on
the
overridin g
contin ental
plat e
of
convergent
p late
 boundaries?
 A.
cind er
con e
 B.
compo sit e
vo lcano
 C.
lava
dom e
 D.
shield
volcano
 
 9.
A 
magma's
viscosity
is
d irect ly
relat ed
to
its
__________
content.
 
 A.
iron
 
 B.
silica
 
 C.
a luminum
 
 D.
potassiu m
 
 10.
Rhyolitic
(felsic)
magma 
is
typically
less
fluid 
than
basalt ic
(mafic)
ma gma.
 True
 False
 
 11.
Why
do 
ma gmas
rise
to ward
th e
Earth ’s
surface?
 
 A.
Magmas
a re
ma inly
liqu id
and
contain
d issolv ed
flu ids
such
as
water,
most 
are
less
dense
than
the
adjacent
so lid 
 rock
and 
so
move
upwa rd.
 
 B.
Most 
ma gmas
are
rich er
in
silica
than
most
crustal
and
up per
mantle
rock s,
and 
are
more
d ense
than
th e
oth er
ro cks
 in
the
m elt ing
area,
and
so 
move
upwa rd.
 
 C.
Magmas
a re
mo re
viscous
than
so lid
ro cks
in
th e
crust 
an d
upper
mantle,
and
are
more
dense
than 
the
adjacent
 rocks,
and
so
mov e
up ward .
 
 12.
Th e
sma llest 
of
the
main 
volcano
types
a re
the
cinder
co nes.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 13.
A 
la rge
d ep ression 
at
th e
sum mit 
of
a
volcano
is
ca lled
a 
__________.
 
 A.
batholith
 
 B.
ca ldera
 
 C.
d ike
 
 D.
fissu re
 
 14.
And esitic
to 
rhyolitic
lava
is
chara ct erist ica lly 
ext ruded 
from
volcanoes
at
convergent
p late
boundaries.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 
 Deformation,
Geologic
Structures,
Mountains
 
 1.
Ho w
is
“brittle”
d eformation 
different
from 
“du ctile”
d efo rmation?
 
 A.
Brittle
d eformation
involv es
fo lds,
wh ereas
duct ile
d eformation
involves
fra ctures.
 


 B.
Britt le
d eformat ion
occurs
in
rocksthat
are
hotter,
wh ereas
brittle
d eformat ion
o ccu rs
at 
lo w
t emp erature.
 


 C.
Brittle
deformation
o ccurs
in 
ro cks
that
a re
cold er,
wh ereas
duct ile
d eformat ion
o ccu rs
at 
high
t emp eratu re.
 
 2.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
is
NOT
t rue
about
ro ck
st ructu res
(e.g.,
fault s,
fo lds,
et c.)?
 
 A.
St ructu res
are
produced
by 
pro cesses
of
d eformation.
 
 B.
Stru ctures
are
usua lly 
horizontal,
undisturb ed,
unb roken,
and
unbent.
 


 C.
St ructu res
o ccu r
fro m
v ery
small
f ractu res
to
v ery 
la rge
faults
that
a re
plat e
boundaries.
 
 3.
Wh ich
typ es
of
folds
have
layers
that
dip 
towa rd
th e
cent er
of
the
folds?
 A.
anticlin es
on ly
 B.
domes
on ly
 C.
syn clin es
and
ba sins
 
 4.
Wh ich
of 
the
lab eled
fo lds
a re
anticlines?
 
 A.
A 
only
 B.
A
and
C
 C.
A ,
C,
and
D
 D.
All
labeled
folds
are
ant iclines.
 
 5.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
is
NOT
a
d ifferen ce
b etween
an
an ticlin e
and
a 
syncline?
 
 A.
An
ant icline
is
an
upside‐do wn
syn cline,
and
v ice
versa.
 


 B.
Anticlines
a re
downfo lds,
wh ereas
syn clines
are
upfolds.
 


 C.
Ant iclin es
have
old er
ro cks
in
th eir
middle
(core)
zone
/
sy nclines
have
younger
ro cks
in
th eir
midd le
(core)
zone.
 


 D.
Anticlines
a re
upfolds,
wherea s
syn clines
a re
downfo lds.
 
 6.
Th e
fo ld
illustrat ed
in
this
d iagram
is
a(n )
___.
 
 A.
anticlin e
 B.
basin
 C.
dom e
 D.
synclin e
 
 7.
Wh ich
letter
in
th e
photo
corresponds
to 
the
hanging‐ wall
blo ck?
 A.
A
 B.
B.
 C.
C
 
 D.
D
 E.
E
 
 8.
Wh ich
b lo ck
dia gra m
b elo w
illust rates
a
no rma l
fault?
 A.
A
 B.
B.
 C.
C
 D.
D
 
 
 9.
Wh ich
b lo ck
dia gra m
above
illustrat es
a
right‐lateral
st rik e‐slip
fault ?
 A.
A
 B.
B.
 C.
C
 D.
D
 
 10.
Wh ich 
type
of 
fault
is
most
lik ely
to
b e
p resent 
at
a
conservat ive
plat e
boundary?
 A.
normal
fault
 B.
reverse
fault
 C.
st rik e‐slip 
fault
 
 11.
Th e
term
d eformation
refers
to 
__________.
 
 A.
break ing
a
ro ck
into
smaller
pieces
 


 B.
any
chan ge
in 
the
size,
posit ion,
o rientat ion
and/or
shape
of
a
ro ck
body
 


 C.
changing
the
ch em ica l
o r
m in era l
content
of 
a
ro ck
 


 D.
a
change
in
colo r
or
t exture
of
a 
ro ck
unit
 
 12.
Duct ile
deformation
p roduces
a
change
in
shap e
without 
fractu rin g.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 13.
Th e
ro ck
b elo w
th e
fault 
surfa ce
is
ref erred
to
a s
th e
foo twall
b lock .
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 14.
A 
__________
is
a
fra cture
that
sho ws
no 
disp lacem ent
parallel
to
th e
f ractu re
plan e.
 
 A.
batholith
 B.
fault
 C.
fold
 
 D.
joint
 
 15.
Most
mountain
ranges
are
formed 
at
__________
plat e
boundaries.
 
 A.
div ergent
 
 B.
hot
spots
 


 C.
t ransform
 


 D.
conv ergent
 
 
 Earthquakes
and
Earth’s
Interior
 
 1.
Th e
“focus”
and
“ep icent er”
associat ed
with
ea rthquakes
are
_________
and
_________,
resp ect ively.
 
 A.
th e
point 
wh ere
fault
“slip”
is
init iated 
/
th e
po int
on
th e
surface
d irect ly
abov e
th e
focus
 


 B.
the
point
on 
the
surfa ce
directly 
belo w
th e
epicenter
/
the
po int
where
fault
“slip ”
is
init iated
 


 C.
th e
po int
on
th e
su rface
d irectly
abov e
th e
epicenter
/
the
po int
where
fault
“slip ”
is
init iated
 


 D.
the
point
wh ere
fault 
“slip”
is
in itiat ed
/
the
point
on 
the
fault
directly 
ben eath
th e
focu s
 
 2.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
wou ld
NOT
b e
a 
situation
that
wo uld
produ ce
an
earthquake?
 
 A.
fault ing
 


 B.
fluctuat ions
of
Earth’s
ma gn etic
field
 
 C.
a 
landslid e
 


 D.
a
nuclear
blast
 
 E.
a 
volcanic
erupt ion
 
 3.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
lab els
applies
to 
the
first
a rrival
of 
P‐wav es
in
th e
d iagram?
 
 A.
A
 B.
B
 C.
C
 
 4.
Wh ich
is
co rrect
regard ing
P
and
S
seismic
waves?
 
 A.
P
and
S
wav es
trav el
through 
liquids,
but
P
wav es
do 
not
t ravel
throu gh
so lids.
 


 B.
P
wav es
trav el
th rough 
solids,
whereas
S
waves
do
not.
 


 C.
S
wav es
trav el
through 
so lids,
but
P
wav es
t ravel
th rough
liquid s.
 


 D.
P
and
S
waves
t ravel
th rough
liqu ids,
but
S
wav es
do 
not
t ravel
throu gh
so lids.
 
 5.
Using
this
ea rthquake
trav el‐time
graph,
d et ermin e
th e
a pproximat e
d istance
that
this
stat ion
is
fro m
th e
epicent er
o f
an
 earthquake
if 
the
differen ce
b etween
first 
P
and
first
S
waves
arriva ls
is
5
m inutes.
 
 


 


 


 
 A.
500
m iles
 B.
1000
miles
 C.
1500
m iles
 D.
2000
miles
 
 6.
An
impo rtant
asp ect 
of
seism ic
wav es
is
that
th ey
have
dif ferent
time
gaps
on
seismo grams
from
d ifferent 
lo cations.
Why
 would 
a
seismo gram 
record ed
clo ser
to 
the
ep icent er
have
t he
P
and
S
wav e
a rrivals
closer
to geth er
than
on
a 
 seismo gram 
from 
farth er
away?
 
 A.
Th e
a rrival
tim e
of
any
wave
is
based
upon
th e
ma gnitud e
of
th e
earthquak e.
P
wav es
trav el
faster
if
the
earthquake
 is
larger,
whereas
S
waves
are
slo wed
do wn
by
larger
ea rthquakes.
 
 B.
Th e
arriva l
t im e
of
any
wav e
is
ba sed 
upon
its
sp eed .
P
waves
a re
faster,
so 
they
“pull
a way”
fo rm
S
waves
with 
 increa sin g
distance
f rom
th e
epicenter.
 


 C.
Th e
a rrival
time
of
any
wave
is
based
upon
its
speed.
S
wa ves
a re
fast er,
so 
they
“cat ch
up”
to
P
waves
with
 increa sin g
distance
f rom
th e
epicenter.
 
 7.
Wh ich
seismic
wav es
typica lly
hav e
th e
largest
a mplitude?
 A.
body
waves
 B.
P‐ waves
 C.
S‐ waves
 D.
surfa ce
wav es
 
 8.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
is
the
direct 
m easure
of
th e
d istan ce
from 
a
seism ic
receivin g
station
to 
the
focus
of 
a
distant
 earthquake,
and
why?
 
 A.
th e
ma gnitud e
of
th e
ground
a ccelerat ion
of
su rface
wav e
passin g
a
receiving
stat ion
because
th e
surface
wav es
are
 the
slo west
wave
type
 


 B.
the
tim e
int erva l
b etween
th e
P
and
S
wav e
a rrivals
b eca use
th e
d ifferen ce
in 
sp eed 
is
constant
bet ween
th em
 


 C.
th e
t im e
elap sed 
bet ween 
the
first
P
wave
arriva ls
f rom
t he
first
and 
last 
aftershock s
b ecause
aftershock s
are
directly 
 related 
to
th e
sp eed
a
wav e
may 
trav el
through 
ro cks
o r
san d
 
 9.
Ea rthquakes
occur
most 
co mmonly 
asso ciat ed
with
___________.
 
 A.
a reas
of
current 
tectonic
p late
int eriors
 


 B.
areas
of 
cu rrent
t ecton ic
plat e
margins
 


 C.
a rea s
of
current 
cont inenta l
ma rgins
 


 D.
none
of 
these
 
 10.
Earthquake
wav es
that
trav el
throu gh
Ea rth's
int erior
are
called
body
waves.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 11.
Th e
"sp rin ging
ba ck "
of
rock 
to
it s
n ear‐origina l
shap e
af ter
an
earthquake
is
called 
__________.
 
 A.
fault 
sca rp
 


 B.
elast ic
rebound
 


 C.
st ick‐slip
 


 D.
fault
creep
 
 12.
Th e
inst rum ents
used
to 
record
ea rthquakes
are
called
seismographs,
and
th e
records
they 
produ ce
are
called
 seismo gram s.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 13.
To 
lo cat e
an
epicenter,
the
distan ce
fro m
six
o r
mo re
d ifferent
seism ic
station s
must 
be
known .
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 14.
Wh ich 
of
the
follo wing
stat em ents
is
fa lse
about
seism ic
waves?
 
 A.
th eir
sp eed
gen erally
in creases
with
d epth
in
a 
lay er
 


 B.
they
a re
ref ract ed
wh en
passing
from 
one
mat erial
to
ano ther
 


 C.
th ey
a lways
slow
down 
when
reach ing
a
liqu id
or
part ially 
liquid
layer
 


 D.
S
waves
t ravel
fast er
than
P
wav es
 
 15.
What
is
a
P
o r
S
wav e
“shadow
zon e”
on
th e
opposite
side
of
th e
Ea rth
fro m
an
ea rthquake?
 
 A.
th e
zon e
in
wh ich 
P
o r
S
waves
are
enhan ced ,
and
seismo graphs
receive
a
shado win g
effect
 


 B.
the
zon e
in
which
P
waves
are
absorb ed,
but
S
wav es
a re
enhanced,
and 
seismographs
a re
in 
error
 


 C.
th e
zone
in
wh ich 
seismic
station
seismographs
do
not 
receive
P
or
S
wav e
arrivals
 


 D.
the
zon e
in
which
seism ic
stat ion
seismo graphs
do 
not
receive
su rface
wave
arriva ls
 
 16.
Wh ich 
of
the
follo wing
facts
about
seismic
wav es
is
used 
to
int erp ret
that
th e
Ea rth’s
outer
core
is
"liquid "?
 
 A.
S‐ waves
do
not
t ravel
th rough 
liquids
 


 B.
P‐ waves
are
reflect ed
f rom
th e
boundary 
bet ween 
the
in ner
co re
and
out er
co re
 


 C.
P‐wav e
v elo cit ies
a re
lower
in 
the
mantle
than
the
co re
 


 D.
P‐ waves
do
not
t ravel
th rough
solids
 
 17.
Wh ere
is
the
crust
th e
th innest
(average
7
km ),
and
where
is
it
the
thick est
(exceedin g
70
km ),
resp ect ively?
 
 A.
under
cities
/
at
subduction 
trench es
 


 B.
under
o ceans
/
und er
mountain
b elts
 


 C.
und er
mountain
b elt s
/
under
o ceans
 


 D.
under
oceans
/
und er
the
north
po le
 
 18.
A 
seismic
wav e
may 
chan ge
direct ion,
without
bouncin g
back,
wh en
crossin g
th e
boundary
b et ween
t wo 
ro ck
types.
 This
ph enom enon
is
called
__________.
 
 A.
ref ract ion
 


 B.
cu rvature
 


 C.
t ransversa l
 


 D.
diffra ction
 


 E.
reflect ion
 
 19.
Th e
lithosphere
is
situat ed
belo w
th e
asth enosph ere.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 20.
Th e
boundary
bet ween
the
crust 
and
the
mantle
is
referred 
to
as
the
__________.
 
 A.
Wadati‐ Benioff
zon e
 


 B.
shadow
zon e
 


 C.
asth enosph ere
 


 D.
Moho rovicic
d iscont inuity
 
 
 Continental
Drift,
Marine
Geology,
Seafloor
Spreading
 
 1.
To 
explain 
cont inenta l
d rift,
Wegener
p roposed
that
th e
continents
brok e
throu gh
th e
o cean ic
crust ,
mu ch
lik e
ice
 break ers
cut
throu gh
ice.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 2.
What
mechanism
d id
A lfred
Wegen er
use
to
exp lain
th e
b reakup
of
Panga ea?
 
 A.
a
met eo r
impact 
crack ed
th e
contin ent
up
 


 B.
centrifuga l
force
caused 
by
th e
rotat ing
Ea rth
 
 C.
a 
plum e
of
magma
erupt ed
in 
the
m iddle
of
th e
contin ent ,
cau sin g
it
to
b reak 
into 
sma ller
pieces
 
 3.
Th e
rock s
of
th e
o ceanic
crust 
are
__________
contin enta l
rocks.
 
 A.
mo re
d ense
than
 


 B.
less
d ense
than
 
 C.
about
th e
same
d ensity
a s
 
 4.
Ea rth's
magn et ic
field
o riginates
in
the
upper
mant le.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 5.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
is
NOT
a
major
topograph ic
unit 
of
the
o cean
basins?
 
 A.
lithosph eric
mant le
 


 B.
cont inenta l
slope
 


 C.
m id‐ocean
rid ge
 


 D.
trench
 


 E.
abyssal
p lain
 
 6.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
is
the
difference
b et ween
pa ssiv e
and
activ e
contin ental
margins?

 
 A.
Passive
margins
a re
found
alon g
th e
western
coasts
of
m ost
of
the
Am ericas,
wh erea s
act iv e
ma rgins
a re
found
 along
most
of
th e
Atlantic
coast s.
 
 B.
Passiv e
ma rgins
are
found
a long
most
of 
the
Atlantic
Ocean
coasts,
wh ereas
a ct ive
margin s
a re
found
along
the
 western
coasts
of
most 
of
th e
Am ericas.
 


 C.
Passive
margins
a re
situated 
alon g
a ctiv e
plat e
boundaries,
wh ereas
a ct ive
margin s
are
not.
 
 7.
Ref er
to
th e
d iagram
b elo w.
Sp read ing
cent ers
are
lab eled
___.
 A.
A 
and
F
 B.
B
and
C
 C.
E
and
G
 D.
D
and
H
 
 
 8.

Refer
to 
the
dia gram 
above.
Trench es
a re
labeled 
___.
 A.
A 
and
F
 B.
B
and
C
 C.
E
and
G
 D.
D
and
H
 
 9.
Th e
a ge
of
th e
d eepest 
sediment 
in
an 
ocean
basin
____________
with
increasin g
d istance
from 
the
oceanic
rid ge.
 
 A.
increa ses
 


 B.
rema ins
th e
same
 


 C.
d ecreases
 
 10.
Th e
trend
of
th e
tran sform 
plat e
boundary
is
parallel
to
t he
plat e‐mot ion
direct ion.
 
 
Tru e




Fa lse
 
 11.
If
a
m id‐ocean
rid ge
exhib its
a 
left‐lat era l
offset ,
th e
sen se
of 
motion 
(slip)
alon g
th e
tran sform
fau lt
is
left‐lateral.
 True


False
 
 12.
Wh ere
is
the
ocean
f loor
the
d eepest?
 A.
abyssa l
p lain
 B.
cont inenta l
slope
 C.
m id‐ocean
rid ge
 D.
trench
 
 13.
A s
o cean ic
crust
moves
a way
from 
a
sp readin g
cent er,
it
becom es
hotter
and 
less
den se.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 14.
A long
som e
d ivergent 
plat e
boundaries,
o ceanic
crust 
is
bein g
consum ed
in
subduct ion
zones.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 15.
Transform
fault 
boundaries
are
locat ed
wh ere
p lates
slide
past 
ea ch
oth er
without
eith er
gen erat ing
new
lithosphere
o r
 consumin g
o ld
lithosph ere.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 16.
Most
of 
Earth's
earthquak e
a ctivity ,
volcanism,
and
mou ntain
buildin g
o ccu r
alon g
____________.
 
 A.
random
trends
 


 B.
parallels
of
latitud e
 


 C.
p late
boundaries
 


 D.
hot
spots
 


 E.
lin es
of
ma gnet ism
 
 17.
__________
is
th e
t ransfer
of
h eat
by 
the
movement 
of
mass
o r
circu lation 
in 
a
substan ce.
 
 A.
Magn etism
 


 B.
Rad iation
 


 C.
Conv ect ion
 


 D.
Conduct ion
 
 18.
Wh ich 
of
the
follo wing
best
d escribes
H ess's
hypothesis
of
seafloo r
spreadin g?
 
 A.
Sinkin g
mat eria l
in
the
mantle
causes
seafloo r
to
d iverge
at
the
ed ges
of
contin ents.
 


 B.
Rising
material
in
th e
mantle
sp reads
laterally,
ca rry ing
the
seafloo r
a way
fro m
seafloo r
rid ges
in
th e
center
of
th e
 ocean 
basin .
 


 C.
Sinkin g
mat eria l
in
th e
mant le
spreads
lat era lly,
forcing
seafloor
into
contin ents
at
th e
ed ges
of
o cean 
basin s.
 
 19.
Th e
lithosphere
is
d ivid ed
into 
about
15
rigid
plat es
that
“ride”
over
th e
________.
 
 A.
asth enosph ere
 


 B.
crust
 


 C.
m eso sphere
 


 D.
outer
core
 
 20.
Wh ich 
of
the
follo wing
is
th e
single
diff erence
that
mak es
a
lithosph eric
plat e
boundary 
“d ivergent,”
“conv ergent ”
o r
 “transform”?
 
 A.
contin ental
d rift
and 
seafloor
spread ing
 


 B.
oceanic
v ersus
contin ental
crust
 


 C.
a ge
of
th e
crust 
involv ed
 


 D.
relat ive
plat e
motion
d irections
 
 21.
Why
do es
cont inenta l
crust 
tend 
to
b e
o lder
than
o ceanic
crust ?
 
 A.
Oceanic
crust
is
recy cled
into
th e
mant le
via 
subduct ion.
 


 B.
Contin ental
crust
is
recy cled
into
th e
mantle
via 
subduct ion.
 


 C.
Cont inenta l
crust 
is
lower
d ensity 
and
does
not
subduct.
 


 D.
both
A.
and
C.
 


 E.
both
B.
and
C.
 
 22.
A ccordin g
to 
the
plat e
t ecton ics
th eory ,
n ew
crust
is
created
at
o cean
ridges,
and
is
destroy ed
at
subduction 
zon es.
 Wh ere
is
the
old est
o cean
crust 
found
today?
 
 A.
In
the
NW
Pacific
Ocean
 


 B.
At
Iceland 
in
th e
No rth
At lantic
Ocean
 


 C.
In
th e
cent er
of
the
Pa cific
Ocean
 


 D.
Ben eath
the
Hawa iian
Islands
in
th e
Pa cific
Ocean
 
 23.
Because
t ransform
plat e
margin s
involve
no
subdu ction
or
volcanism,
they 
are
a lso
considered
_____________
plat e
 margins.
 
 A.
instru ctiv e
 


 B.
conservative
 


 C.
p roductiv e
 


 D.
dest ruct iv e
 
 24.
Wh ich 
of
the
follo wing
is
mo st
asso ciated 
with
a 
transform
plat e
boundary?
 
 A.
st rik e‐slip 
faults
 


 B.
no
new
crust
is
created,
and
o ld
crust 
is
not
d estroy ed
 


 C.
subdu ction
zones
and
island
arc
vo lcano es
 


 D.
rift
valley s
 
 E.
A .
and
B.
only
 


 F.
C.
and
D.
only
 
 25.
Wh ich 
one
of
the
follo wing
is
NOT
a 
compon ent
of
a 
passive
cont inenta l
ma rgin?
 
 A.
d eep‐o cean 
trench
 
 B.
cont inenta l
slope
 


 C.
contin ental
shelf
 


 D.
cont inenta l
rise
 
 26.
Dottin g
th e
o cean 
floor
are
iso lat ed
peak s
called 
__________.
 
 A.
seamounts
 


 B.
mid‐o cean 
ridges
 


 C.
sp reading
cent ers
 


 D.
cont inenta l
rises
 
 27.
Th e
East
Coast
of
th e
Un ited 
States
prov ides
a
p resent‐day
examp le
of
a
passiv e
contin ental
margin.
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 
 Plate
Tectonics
 
 1.
In
the
dia gra m
b elo w,
which
lett er
or
lett ers
co rrespond
t o
a
spread ing
center?
 A.
A
 B.
B
 C.
C
 D.
D
 E.
C
and
D
 
 
 2.
In
the
dia gra m
above,
which
letter
o r
lett ers
corresponds
to
a
volcanic
island
form ed
abov e
a
hot 
spot?
 A.
A
 B.
B
 C.
C
 D.
D
 E.
C
and
D
 
 3.
In
the
dia gra m
above,
which
letter
o r
lett ers
correspond
t o
activ e
vo lcano es
asso ciat ed
with
subduct ion
zones?
 A.
A
 B.
B
 C.
C
 D.
D
 E.
D
and
G
 
 4.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
is
NOT
t rue
about
mid‐o cean 
ridges?
 
 A.
sit es
of
subductin g
o ceanic
plat es
 


 B.
sit es
for
submarine
eruption s
of
lava
 


 C.
v ery
lon g
underwater
mounta in
chains
 


 D.
wh ere
young
cru st
is
add ed
to
th e
ed ges
of
sp reading
pla tes
 
 5.
In
the
blo ck
d iagram
b elow,
th e
t ren ch
is
lab eled
___.
 A.
A
 B.
B
 C.
C
 D.
D
 
 
 6.
In
the
blo ck
d iagram
abov e,
the
subduct ing
p lat e
is
labeled
___.
 A.
A
 B.
B
 C.
C
 D.
D
 
 7.
Conv ergent
plat e
t ectonics
includes
which
of
th e
fo llo win g?
 
 A.
riftin g
and
ba salt ic
magmatism
 


 B.
subduct ion,
contin ental
co llision,
and 
volcanic
arc
magma tism
 


 C.
sid e‐to‐sid e
slid ing
of
plat es,
and
no
magmatism
 
 8.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
is
NOT
on e
of
th e
th ree
typ es
of
convergent 
plat e
boundaries?
 
 A.
west
ma rgin
of 
S.
Am erica
 


 B.
north
margin
of 
India
 


 C.
m id‐Atlant ic
ridges
 


 D.
north
ma rgin
of 
the
Pa cific
Plate
 
 9.
Wh ich
is
a
current 
id ea
used
to 
expla in
the
m echan ism 
for
t ecton ic
plat e
mot ion?
 
 A.
Th e
Earth
is
cu rrently 
expand ing
(gro wing).
 


 B.
Th erma l
convection 
theo ry
for
the
Earth ’s
mantle.
 


 C.
Moon
and
th e
Sun’s
grav itation
has
sh ifted
th e
Earth’s
crust.
 


 D.
The
Ea rth
is
currently
contra ctin g
(sh rinkin g).
 
 10.
Wh ich 
one
of
the
follo wing
is
NOT
a 
hypothesis
that
ha s
been 
proposed
for
the
m echan ism 
of
plat e
motion?
 
 A.
slab‐pull,
rid ge‐push
mod el
 


 B.
mantle‐co re
d ensity 
hypothesis
 
 C.
whole‐mantle
conv ect ion
including
plu mes
rising
from 
th e
core‐mantle
boundary
 
 11.
Mountain
systems
such 
as
th e
Appa lach ians
and
H ima la yas
are
th e
result 
of
____________.
 
 A.
o cean ic‐o cean ic
conv ergence
 
 B.
hot
spots
 


 C.
contin ental‐cont inenta l
convergen ce
 


 D.
oceanic‐cont inenta l
convergence
 
 12.
Th e
Red
Sea
is
the
site
of
a
recently
fo rm ed
____________.
 
 A.
o cean 
trench
 


 B.
hot
spot
 


 C.
d ivergent
boundary
 


 D.
conv ergent 
boundary
 
 13.
Most
d eep‐focus
ea rthquakes
o ccur
in
a ssociat ion
with
____________.
 
 A.
abyssa l
p lains
 


 B.
hot
spots
 


 C.
t ransform 
boundaries
 


 D.
ocean
t ren ches
 


 E.
spreadin g
cent ers
 
 14.
Hot
spots
a re
__________.
 
 A.
a lways
lo cat ed
at
p late
boundaries
 


 B.
cent ers
for
th e
ext rusion 
of
granit ic
ma gma
 


 C.
stat ionary,
but
th e
lithosph eric
plat es
move
 


 D.
believ ed
to
rep resent
plu mes
of
h eat
that
sink
to ward 
th e
core
 
 15.
Th e
Hawa iian 
Islands
b ecom e
younger
to
th e
east‐south east
(Ha waii
is
th e
youn gest,
wh ile
th e
sea mounts
to
th e
west‐ northwest
a re
o ldest ).
Assumin g
th e
hot 
spot
is
stationary ,
a nd
the
th e
entire
chain
of
islands
was
form ed
by
th is
hot
 spot,
which
d irect ion
is
th e
Pa cific
p late
mov ing?
 
 A.
south
 


 B.
west‐north west
 


 C.
no rth
 


 D.
ea st‐southeast
 
 16.
Why
a re
o cean ic
ridges
elevated?
 





A.
Ocean ic
ridges
are
elevated
a s
n ew
ma gma
cools
and
becom es
mo re
den se.
 





B.
Th e
n ewly 
created
lithosphere
at
rid ges
is
hot
and
therefore
occupies
more
volum e
and
is
less
den se
than
cooler
 rocks.
 





C.
Th e
n ewly
creat ed
lithosph ere
at 
ridges
is
cold 
and
therefore
occupies
less
volum e
and
is
mo re
den se
than
hotter
 rocks.
 





D.
Oceanic
ridges
b ecom e
elevat ed
as
old
crust
is
d est ro yed
at
subduction
zon es.
 
 17.
Wh ich 
of
the
follo wing
is
a
typ e
of
convergent
p lat e
bou ndary?
 
 A.
o cean 
lithosphere
d escends
under
contin ental
lithosphere
 


 B.
cont inenta l
lithosph ere
d escends
und er
anoth er
slab
of
continental
lithosphere
 


 C.
contin ental
lithosphere
d escends
under
o cean ic
lithosphere
 


 D.
younger
o cean
lithosph ere
d escends
und er
slab 
of
old er
ocean 
lithosphere
 
 18.
Th e
Hima layas
a re
the
resu lt
of
th e
co llision 
of
t wo
plat es,
each 
ca rry ing
cont inenta l
crust .
 


 
Tru e
 False
 
 
 Climate,
Deserts,
Wind
 
 1.
Deserts
are
found
_________.
 
 A.
at
about
th e
latitud e
of
th e
equator
 
 B.
at
about
30°N
and
S
latitud es
 
 C.
in
a
"rain
shadow"
on 
the
upwind
side
of
high
mountains
 
 2.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
is
TRUE
about
d eserts?
 
 A.
Most
erosion 
in 
deserts
is
produced
by 
winds.
 


 B.
Deserts
and
d ry
lands
are
con cent rated 
in 
areas
of
rising
air
masses.
 


 C.
Rainshado w
d eserts
o ccu r
wh ere
a ir
masses
d escend
aft er
first
hav ing
risen
to
cro ss
a 
mountain 
ran ge.
 
 3.
What
is
the
most 
impo rtant
agent
of 
erosion
in 
deserts?
 
 A.
fast,
st eady
wind
 


 B.
freeze‐tha w
of
wat er
in 
cracks
 


 C.
fast,
chaot ic
wind
 


 D.
runnin g
wat er
 
 4.
What
has
to
b e
t rue
in 
ord er
for
wind
to
b e
an
effect ive
erosiv e
a gent?
 
 A.
dryn ess
and
spa rse
v egetation
 


 B.
dryness
and 
plush 
vegetat ion
in
loca l
spot s
 


 C.
wetness
and
p lush
v egetat ion
in 
lo cal
spots
 


 D.
st eepn ess
of
slope
 
 5.
Wh ich
of 
the
follo wing
is
TRUE
about
sand
dunes?
 
 A.
th e
mo re
gent ly
slopin g
su rface
is
lo cated 
on
the
do wnwind
sid e
 


 B.
the
more
steep ly
slopin g
su rface
is
lo cated 
on
the
upwind 
sid e
 


 C.
a 
dune
migrat es
in 
the
direction 
in
wh ich 
the
wind
is
b lo wing
 
 6.
Less
ch emica l
weath erin g
o ccu rs
in
d esert s
b ecause
__________.
 
 A.
th ere
is
little
light
 


 B.
there
is
a
la ck
of
mo istu re
 
 C.
t emp eratu res
are
too
warm
 

 7.
Wh ich
on e
of 
the
follo wing
const itutes
mo st
of
th e
su spended
load 
ca rried
by
wind?
 
 A.
bould ers
 


 B.
sand
 


 C.
p ebbles
 


 D.
fine
dust
pa rticles
 
 8.
Deserts
are
locat ed
n ear
which
majo r
lin es
of
lat itude?
 
 A.
45
degrees
north
and
45
d egrees
south
 


 B.
60
d egrees
no rth
and
60
degrees
south
 


 C.
30
degrees
north
and 
30
d egrees
south
 


 D.
the
equator
 
 9.
Deserts
are
more
lik ely
to
o ccu r
adja cent 
to
___
ocean
cu rrents.
 A.
cold
 B.
wa rm
 C.
hot
 
 10.
Desert
pav em ent
consists
of
du st
part icles
cem ented 
to geth er
during
flash
f loods.
 True
 False
 
 11.
A 
desert
is
p resent
on
th e
no rth
side
of
a
mounta in
range.
Th e
wind 
blo ws
___.
 A.
fro m
east
to 
west
 B.
from 
north
to
south
 C.
fro m
south
to 
north
 D.
from
west 
to
east
 
 12.
Wh ich 
of
the
follo wing
is
not
p roduced
by
wind
deposit ion?
 A.
d esert 
pavem ent
 B.
lo ess
 C.
sand 
dune
 
 13.
Anta rct ica 
and
Green land
are
po lar
deserts.
 
 True
 False
 
 14.
Th e
Earth ’s
ext erna l
h eat
engine
is
po wered
by
h eat
fro m
___.
 A.
chemical
react ions
 B.
rad ioact ive
decay
 C.
th e
sun
 
 15.
On
av era ge,
slop es
a re
___
in
d eserts
compa red 
to
hum id
areas.
 A.
gent ler
 B.
st eep er
 
 16.
At 
the
equato r,
a ir
is
typically
____.
 A.
rising
 B.
sink ing
 C.
n eith er
rising
nor
sink ing
 ...
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