t07_ps03_fall03

t07_ps03_fall03 - efficiency between a hot summer day and a...

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UNIFIED ENGINEERING Fall 2003 Ian A. Waitz Problem T7 (Unified Thermodynamics) MIT’s gas turbine power plant operates on a Brayton cycle. The current operating conditions are shown at http://cogen.mit.edu/unified/ . (The login name is “unified”, the password is a popular MIT acronym.) Assume the cycle is ideal and the gas behaves as an ideal gas with constant specific heats c p = 1.0035kJ/kg-K, and c v = 0.7165kJ/kg-K. The maximum temperature at entrance to the turbine is 1400K. From the web page, determine current atmospheric conditions and also the compressor discharge pressure (labeled COMP DEL PRESS). Use this to determine the pressure ratio for the cycle. (LO #4, LO#6) a) Starting from the measured atmospheric conditions, calculate the pressure and temperature at each point for the ideal cycle. b) Calculate the thermal efficiency and work per kilogram for the ideal cycle. c) Assume the compressor discharge temperature is fixed. What is the difference in
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Unformatted text preview: efficiency between a hot summer day and a cold winter day? d) How does the efficiency you calculated in part (b) compare with the actual efficiency of the plant? [You can determine this from the data on the web page. If you get a full listing of variables, the fuel flow is listed under “total gas energy flow” and the net power is listed under “active load”. If you use the buttons next to the picture, you need to add up the main and primary fuel flows to get the total gas energy flow. Note that 1 BTU is 1055 Joules, and 1 KBTU/s is 10 3 BTU/s.] Why is the actual efficiency different from that you calculated in part (b)? e) You modeled the compressor as quasi-static and adiabatic. Test how good this assumption is by comparing the temperature rise you calculate across the compressor with the measured temperature rise across the compressor. ABB GT10 Courtesy of Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery Dept.; Used with permission....
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