t08_ps03_fall03 - UNIFIED ENGINEERING Fall 2003 Ian A Waitz...

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UNIFIED ENGINEERING Fall 2003 Ian A. Waitz Problem T8 (Unified Thermodynamics) R=287 J/kg-K, c p =1003.5 J/kg-K, and c v = 716.5 J/kg-K. (MO# 5) Below is a schematic diagram of a rocket engine cycle called an expander cycle. The cold liquid propellants are pumped through the walls of the rocket nozzle to cool them. In doing so, they gain energy and turn into gases. Some of the energy in these propellant gases is then extracted in a turbine. The turbine is connected by a shaft to the liquid propellant pump. After passing through the turbine, the propellant gases flow to the combustion chamber where they are ultimately responsible for producing the heat at the walls of the rocket nozzle. So it is a little like pulling yourself up by your bootstraps. As you might expect, the design of a device like this depends on a careful analysis of the thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and structural/material behavior.
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