Lesson 4 - semitone • Accidentals are placed directly...

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Lesson 4: Clefs A. Clef Symbols placed at the beginning of the staff that indicate the location of each with a different letter name 3 different types of clef B. C clef (Green) Middle C (alto or tenor clef) C. Treble Clef (Blue) G clef Second line of the staff is G above middle C Pitches in the top half of the musical spectrum are most often notated in treble clef. This includes the 4 octaves from middle C to the very top of the piano C clef sits on the first ledger line below the staff The musical alphabet maps onto the staff in relation to this G line. Each line and space will get a new letter Accidentals (flats, sharps & natural signs) can be added to notes on the staff to raise and lower them by a
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Unformatted text preview: semitone. • Accidentals are placed directly before , and horizontal with, the notes they modify. • Note that when spoken, accidentals are added after the note, not before (ex. A-flat, D, E-natural) . The following example starts with two Es then a flat is added making an E-flat. The next E is also an E-flat, but when the natural sign is added, it becomes an E-natural again. The final two Es of the bar are E-sharps because of the same principle. The sharp will remain in effect till the "barline" (end of the measure), after which it is cancelled and we return to a plain E. D. Bass Clef (Red) • F clef E. Alto Clef F. Tenor Clef...
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2012 for the course MUSIC 103 taught by Professor Mattriedel during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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Lesson 4 - semitone • Accidentals are placed directly...

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