This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Nucleotides (cont.) 5 different kinds of bases in class into two goups * Purines * adenine, guanine * Pyrimidines * thymine, cytocine, uracis Nucleotides (Cont.) * DNA- A, G, C, T * RNA- A, G, C, U ATP * The bodies most important energy transfer molecule * Energy is in the phosphate bonds * Bonds hydrolyzed by adenosine triphosphatases (ATPases) * Much of the energy in ATP comes form glucose oxidation Phosphorylation by Kinases Guanosine Triphosphate (GTP) * Nucleotide involved in energy transfer * Activates the G protein in cell signaling Cyclic AMP (cAMP) * Formed from the removal of both second and third phosphate groups from ATP * Acts as second messenger to activate metabolic effects within the cell...
View Full Document