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Unformatted text preview: 6. typical volume in adult male 5-6 liters 7. typical volume in adult female 4-5 liters 8. typically 8% of body weight D. Major Functions of Blood 1. Distribution & Transport a. oxygen from lungs to body cells b. carbon dioxide from body cells to lungs c. nutrients from GI tract to body cells d. nitrogenous wastes from body cells to kidneys e. hormones from glands to body cells Physiology of Blood 2. Regulation (maintenance of homeostasis) a. maintenance of normal body pH i. blood proteins (albumin) & bicarbonate b. maintenance of circulatory/interstitial fluid i. electrolytes aid blood proteins (albumin) c. maintenance of temperature (blushed skin) 3. Protection a. platelets and proteins "seal" vessel damage b. protection from foreign material & infections i. leukocytes, antibodies, complement proteins...
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