VII1 - B. autonomic ganglia- house cell bodies of effector...

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VII. Overview of the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) A. General Functions 1. efferent control of everything except skeletal m. 2. pupil size, accommodation for near/far vision 3. dilation/constriction of blood vasculature 4. rate and force of heart contractions 5. gastrointestinal movements 6. secretion of most glands B. General Differences from Somatic Nervous System 1. all fibers are efferent (motor) 2. two different types of efferent fibers i. two neurotransmitters (ACh and Norepinephrine) 3. must synapse on ganglion before effecting target 4. has two primary divisions a. sympathetic b. parasympathetic 5. can act in both inhibitory and excitatory fashion VIII. Structure of Autonomic Pathway A. preganglionic neurons - spinal cord -> ganglion 1. sympathetic (thoracolumbar) a. lateral grey horn of T1-L3 2. parasympathetic a. lateral grey horn of S2-S4 b. nuclei of cranial nerves III, VII, IX, X
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Unformatted text preview: B. autonomic ganglia- house cell bodies of effector n. 1. sympathetic a. vertebral ganglia - along the spine b. prevertebral ganglia - near arteries 2. parasypathetic a. terminal ganglion - near effected organ C. postganglionic neurons- motor to effected organ IX. The Autonomic Ganglia A. Sympathetic System 1. superior cervical ganglion a. sweat glands, eye, face vessels and glands 2. middle cervical ganglion a. heart 3. inferior cervical ganglion a. heart 4. thoracic ganglia a. heart, lungs, bronchi, thoracic viscera 5. lumbar and sacral ganglia a. viscera of abdominopelvic cavity B. Parasympathetic Ganglia 1. ciliary ganglion a. smooth muscle of the eye 2. pterygopalantine ganglion a. nasal mucosa, palate, pharynx, lacrimal gland 3. submandibular and otic ganglia a. salivary glands 4. cardiac and pulmonary plexuses a. to the heart and lungs...
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VII1 - B. autonomic ganglia- house cell bodies of effector...

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