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Chapter 16 - Biology 7e(Campbell Chapter 16 The Molecular...

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Biology, 7e (Campbell) Chapter 16: The Molecular Basis of Inheritance Chapter Questions 1) For a couple of decades, biologists knew the nucleus contained DNA and proteins. The prevailing opinion was that the genetic material was proteins, and not DNA. The reason for this belief was that proteins are more complex than DNA. This is because A) proteins have a greater variety of three-dimensional forms than does DNA. B) proteins have two different levels of structural organization; DNA has four. C) proteins are made of 20 amino acids and DNA is made of four nucleotides. D) Only A and C are correct. E) A, B, and C are correct. Answer: D Topic: Concept 16.1 Skill: Comprehension 2) In his transformation experiments, Griffith observed that A) mutant mice were resistant to bacterial infections. B) mixing a heat-killed pathogenic strain of bacteria with a living nonpathogenic strain can convert some of the living cells into the pathogenic form. C) mixing a heat-killed nonpathogenic strain of bacteria with a living pathogenic strain makes the pathogenic strain nonpathogenic. D) infecting mice with nonpathogenic strains of bacteria makes them resistant to pathogenic strains. E) mice infected with a pathogenic strain of bacteria can spread the infection to other mice. Answer: B Topic: Concept 16.1 Skill: Knowledge 3) What does transformation involve in bacteria? Topic: Concept 16.1 Skill: Knowledge 4) Avery and his colleagues purified various chemicals from pathogenic bacteria and showed that ________ was (were) the transforming agent. Topic: Concept 16.1 Skill: Knowledge 1
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5) Tobacco mosaic virus has RNA rather than DNA as its genetic material. In a hypothetical situation where RNA from a tobacco mosaic virus is mixed with proteins from a related DNA virus, the result could be a hybrid virus. If that virus were to infect a cell and reproduce, what would the resulting "offspring" viruses be like? Topic: Concept 16.1 Skill: Application
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