2009-Macfarlane_et_al - J. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Lewis, G....

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Unformatted text preview: J. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Lewis, G. C. Emmans, M. J. Young and G. Simm computed tomography Predicting tissue distribution and partitioning in terminal sire sheep using x-ray doi: 10.2527/jas.2007-0832 originally published online Jul 18, 2008; 2009.87:107-118. J Anim Sci http://jas.fass.org/cgi/content/full/87/1/107 the World Wide Web at: The online version of this article, along with updated information and services, is located on www.asas.org by on October 22, 2010. jas.fass.org Downloaded from ABSTRACT: The utility of x-ray computed tomogra- phy (CT) scanning in predicting carcass tissue distribu- tion and fat partitioning in vivo in terminal sire sheep was examined using data from 160 lambs represent- ing combinations of 3 breeds (Charollais, Suffolk, and Texel), 3 genetic lines, and both sexes. One-fifth of the lambs were slaughtered at each of 14, 18, and 22 wk of age, and the remaining two-fifths at 26 wk of age. The left side of each carcass was dissected into 8 joints with each joint dissected into fat (intermuscular and subcu- taneous), lean, and bone. Chemical fat content of the LM was measured. Tissue distribution was described by proportions of total carcass tissue and lean weight contained within the leg, loin, and shoulder regions of the carcass and within the higher-priced joints. Fat par- titioning variables included proportion of total carcass fat contained in the subcutaneous depot and intramus- cular fat content of the LM. Before slaughter, all lambs were CT scanned at 7 anatomical positions (ischium, midshaft of femur, hip, second and fifth lumbar verte- brae, sixth and eighth thoracic vertebrae). Areas of fat, lean, and bone (mm 2 ) and average fat and lean density (Hounsfield units) were measured from each cross-sec- tional scan. Areas of intermuscular and subcutaneous fat were measured on 2 scans (ischium and eighth tho- racic vertebra). Intramuscular fat content was predicted with moderate accuracy (R 2 = 56.6) using information from only 2 CT scans. Four measures of carcass tissue distribution were predicted with moderate to high ac- curacy: the proportion of total carcass (R 2 = 54.7) and lean (R 2 = 46.2) weight contained in the higher-priced joints and the proportion of total carcass (R 2 = 77.7) and lean (R 2 = 55.0) weight in the leg region. Including BW in the predictions did not improve their accuracy ( P > 0.05). Although breed-line-sex combination signif- icantly affected fit of the regression for some tissue dis- tribution variables, the values predicted were changed only trivially. Within terminal sire type animals, using a common set of prediction equations is justified. Tis- sue distribution and fat partitioning affect eating sat- isfaction and efficiency of production and processing; therefore, including such carcass quality measures in selection programs is increasingly important, and CT scanning appears to provide opportunities to do so....
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2012 for the course ECON 2272 taught by Professor Gay during the Spring '08 term at Birmingham-Southern College.

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2009-Macfarlane_et_al - J. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Lewis, G....

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