15-Milk%2C+Dairy+_+Cheese-10

15-Milk%2C+Dairy+_+Cheese-10 - FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 Milk...

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Unformatted text preview: FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 Milk & Dairy Products Please do NOT write on your Scantron FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 Dairy History ! Goats & sheep domesticated for meat and skins ca. 6,500 B.C.E. ! Rock drawings in the Sahara show dairying ca. 4,000 B.C.E. ! Old Testament has many metaphors with milk and dairying ! flowing with milk and honey See McGee ... FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 ! Marco Polo (travels 1271-1295) observed Tartars preparing dried mares milk ! Russians fermented mares milk called kumiss ! Balkans fermented a similar beverage from cows called kefir FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 Dairy History ! Romans & Greeks ate cheese, but not milk ! Northern Europeans ate milk, but not cheese ! Greek: Galaktopotes or milk drinkers FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 LACTOSE INTOLERANCE (Weve covered this already, but it relates to the ancient Greeks, Romans & Northerns) ! Most of the worlds adults cannot effectively digest lactose FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 Dairy History ! The colonists introduced dairying to America about 1625 FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 Dairy History ! The colonists introduced dairying to America about 1625 ! Dairying was a modern industry by 1850 FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 MILK COMPOSITION ! Milk is a white opaque fluid of female mammals for the total sustenance of their offspring FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 See also McGee for a really similar diagram in the new text, but I dont know the page FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 MILK Special Composition ! The first fluid secreted by the mammary glands is colostrum ! A clear solution of concentrated protein, vitamins and antibodies ! Secreted for a few days to a week or more ! Lactobacillus bifidus factor or sometimes just called the bifidus factor encourages colonization of Lactobacillus bifidus FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 ! Milk composition varies with species ! Jerseys and Guernseys make milk with higher fat, but Holsteins produce greater volume of milk, and are now more popular Animal protein lipid lactose minerals Holstein cow 3.6 3.6 4.6 0.7 Goat 3.6 3.6 4.6 0.8 Human 1.1 ! 4.5 " 7.5 " 0.2 ! Source: Wardlaw, Contemporary Nutrition; 2000 FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 MILK COMPOSITION ! Milk composition varies with species ! Also varies with region, climate, season and type of feed ! Naturally California claims its cows are the best ! And, the diet is good and specific for our region ! Remember if you are what you eat, same for cows FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 MILK COMPOSITION ! Milk composition varies with species ! Also varies with region and climate ! How the cows are maintained ! Animal husbandry ! (content, happy cows do produced better milk) FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 MILK COMPOSITION !...
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2012 for the course FST 10 taught by Professor Jack during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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15-Milk%2C+Dairy+_+Cheese-10 - FST10 GMS/GFR 2010 Milk...

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