PSC 1 - 1.SCIENCE

PSC 1 - 1.SCIENCE - 1 1 The Scientific Method Lecture...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 1 The Scientific Method Lecture Overview & Scientific Knowledge & Goals of Research in Psychology & Critical Thinking & Theories and Hypotheses 2 How do we know things? & What is real? & What is the truth? & How are you persuaded? 3 2 Ways to Acquire Knowledge 4 & Intuitive Knowledge:“I feel that this is so” & Authority: “respected source says that it is so” & Empiricism: “I’ll believe it when I see it” & Rationalism: “Logically, it follows that...” & Scientific Knowledge: “I have empirical evidence to support my theory” Scientific Knowledge & Is objective & Overcome subjective bias & Is based upon rationalism and empiricism & Rationalism ¡ Logical reasoning & Empiricism ¡ Knowledge collected through the senses ¡ Observation ¡ Experience 5 Theory Data Revised Theory More Data Observations Experiments Logic Deduction Rationalism Rationalism Empiricism Empiricism 3 The Scientific Approach & Why do we do research? & To understand and answer questions & How do we do research? & Forming and testing ideas through unbiased observations Assumptions of Science & A true physical universe exists & While there may be randomness and unpredictability, the universe is an organized system & We can discover the principles of this system through scientific discovery & Our knowledge of the universe is incomplete & New discoveries alter current ideas and theories. & Therefore all knowledge and theories are tentative 4 Goals of Research in Psychology & Describe Behavior & Predict Behavior & Explain Behavior Sources of Research Ideas & Non-Systematic Sources & Serendipity & Everyday occurrences &...
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2012 for the course PSC 41 taught by Professor Nitzberg during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.

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PSC 1 - 1.SCIENCE - 1 1 The Scientific Method Lecture...

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