PSC 1 4.ethics+and+publications

PSC 1 4.ethics+and+publications - Ethics and Publication...

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1 Ethics and Publication Researchers’ Obligations To provide information that enhances our understanding of behavioral processes and leads to the improvement of human or animal welfare To protect the rights and welfare of the human and nonhuman participants that they study Ethical Concerns Minimize physical and psychological harm Cost-Benefit Analysis
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2 Potential Benefits 1. Basic knowledge 2. Improvement of research or assessment techniques 3. Practical outcomes 4. Benefits for researchers 5. Benefits for research participants Potential Costs 1. Time and effort of participants 2. Participants’ mental and physical welfare 3. Money 4. Deception; creation of a climate of distrust Institutional Review Board A group of researchers at each research institution that reviews proposed studies Every study must have IRB approval each year Weigh the risks and benefits Consider any long-term effects
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3 Participant rights Voluntary Participation Participants have the right to stop at any time Informed Consent Participants have the right to know what is being asked of them informed if any risks are involved informed if any benefits are involved ± Problem - obtaining informed consent from participants who are unable to Participant rights Confidentiality Making sure that no one can identify a particular participant’s performance Reporting group averages rather than individual scores Privacy Participants have the right to decide when, where, to whom, and to what extent their responses will be revealed Deception ± Presenting participants with a false purpose of the study ± Using a confederate who poses as another participant or a bystander ± Providing false feedback to participants ± Presenting two related studies as unrelated ± Giving incorrect information regarding stimulus materials
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2012 for the course PSC 41 taught by Professor Nitzberg during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.

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PSC 1 4.ethics+and+publications - Ethics and Publication...

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