1 - OrganicFarming,FoodQualityand HealthDefense B. C. Ghosh...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
    Organic Farming, Food Quality and  Organic Farming, Food Quality and  Health Defense Health Defense B. C. Ghosh Professor Agricultural and Food Engineering Department Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur- 721 302
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Organic farming states that it’s aim is “to create integrated human, environmentally and economically sustainable production systems, which maximize reliance on farm- derived renewable resources and the management of ecological and biological processes and interactions, so as to provide acceptable levels of crop, livestock and human nutrition, protection from pests and disease, and an appropriate return to the human and other resources”.
Background image of page 2
Organic farming system can be described as:   Biological  Farming  :   It  allows  to  use  selected  fertilizers  and  adoption  of  low  input approaches  to use of herbicides and insecticides. Diagnotics instruments  are used to monitor plant and soil condition.  Nature Farming:   This system is developed in Japan by Mokichi Okada (1930).  Special emphasis on soil health through compost rather than organic fertilizers Kyusei nature farming emphasises use of microbial preparation in addition to  traditional nature farming in California and Hawaii. Permaculture:   It  is  a  contraction  of  permanent  agriculture  defined  by  Bill  Mollison  and  forest  ecologists.  It  is  not  a  production  system  but  a  land  use  planning  philosophy ,  thus  any  site-specific  ecological  farming  system  is  amenable to permaculture. It is concerned with designing ecological  human     habitat and food production system.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Ecological  Agriculture:   Eco-farming  implies  a  farming  region  and  individual  farms that must be treated as ecological system. In this context environment is  not confined to natural condition (soil and climate) but it encompass the entire  complex of physical, economic, social and cultural conditions which affect the  growth  and  development  of  organic  system .  It  matches  the  crop,  soil  and  climate of a region for gaining economy  and efficiency of input. It reduces the  pressure on land, water and biodiversity without adverse effect on agricultural  production and nutritive value of food and maximising ecological production  efficiency. Ecological balance is attained by use of organic inputs like compost,  vermicompost,  botanical  and  microbial  pesticides  and  beneficial  organisms.  Group  and  community  endeavour  holds  the  key  for  the  successful  implementation of ecological farming over large areas.  Low External Input Supply Agriculture (LEISA ):   It is a production system that uses  synthetic  fertilizers,  pesticides  and  herbicides  below  rates  normally 
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/26/2012 for the course AGFE 121 taught by Professor Abhi during the Spring '11 term at Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur.

Page1 / 27

1 - OrganicFarming,FoodQualityand HealthDefense B. C. Ghosh...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online