Test 1 - American Government Chapter 1 Test Prep Spring 11...

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American Government Chapter 1 Test Prep Spring 11 Matching IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms. a. constitution b. executive power c. unitary government d. parliamentary government e. presidential government f. legislative power ____ 1. A ____ is the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of government. ____ 2. A ____, often described as a centralized government, is one in which all powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency. ____ 3. Under a ____, the government must resign if it receives a “vote of no confidence.” ____ 4. ____ is the power to make law and frame public policies. IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms. a. judicial power b. democracy c. Federal Government d. legislative power e. confederation ____ 5. The power to interpret laws, determine their meaning, and settle disputes within a society is known as ____. ____ 6. Independent states that agree to form a(n) ____ may still retain their separate identities. ____ 7. The structure of a ____ requires that power be divided between a state's central and local levels of government. Other IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS Use each key term in a sentence that shows the meaning of the term. 8. dictatorship 9. executive power 10. oligarchy 11. mixed economy 12. democracy 13. government 14. presidential government 15. public policy
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16. division of powers Modified True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement true. IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS ____ 17. In a dictatorship supreme authority rests solely with the people. _________________________ ____ 18. Government is the process of accommodating different needs and viewpoints. _________________________ ____ 19. Population, territory, government, and sovereignty are the defining characteristics of a(n) autocracy . _________________________ ____ 20. "Government of the people, by the people, for the people" describes a system of government in which the people are sovereign . _________________________ ____ 21. The law of supply and demand states that when supplies of goods and services become plentiful, prices tend to drop. _________________________ ____ 22. A(n) confederation is a government in which a single person holds unlimited political power. _________________________ ____ 23. Every state is an oligarchy because it has absolute power within its territory and can determine its own foreign and domestic policies. _________________________ ____ 24. Private ownership and free markets are characteristics of a free enterprise system . _________________________ Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. MAIN IDEAS ____ 25. Among the broad purposes of the United States government spelled out in the Preamble to the Constitution is the obligation to a. keep the executive and legislative branches of government separate. b. create an autocratic form of government.
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