1236700884Tabelas_Termodinamicas - Index to Tables in SI...

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Unformatted text preview: Index to Tables in SI Units TABLE A-1 TABLE A-2 TABLE A-3 TABLE A-4 TABLE A-5 TABLE A-6 TABLE A-7 TABLE A-8 TABLE A-9 TABLE A-10 TABLE A-11 TABLE A-12 TABLE A-13 TABLE A-14 TABLE A-15 TABLE A-16 TABLE A-17 TABLE A-18 TABLE A-19 TABLE A-20 TABLE A-21 TABLE A-22 TABLE A-23 TABLE A-24 TABLE A-25 TABLE A-26 TABLE A-27 718 Atomic or Molecular Weights and Critical Properties of Selected Elements and Compounds Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Properties of Superheated Water Vapor Properties of Compressed Liquid Water Properties of Saturated Water (Solid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 22 Vapor Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 134a Vapor Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Properties of Superheated Ammonia Vapor Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Properties of Superheated Propane Vapor Properties of Selected Solids and Liquids: cp, , and . Ideal Gas Specific Heats of Some Common Gases Variation of cp with Temperature for Selected Ideal Gases Ideal Gas Properties of Air Ideal Gas Properties of Selected Gases Constants for the van der Waals, Redlich–Kwong, and Benedict–Webb–Rubin Equations of State Thermochemical Properties of Selected Substances at 298 K and 1 atm Standard Molar Chemical Exergy, e ch (kJ/kmol), of Selected Substances at 298 K and p0 Logarithms to the Base 10 of the Equilibrium Constant K 719 720 722 724 728 729 730 731 732 736 737 738 741 742 743 747 748 749 753 754 755 756 758 762 763 764 765 Atomic or Molecular Weights and Critical Properties of Selected Elements and Compounds TABLE A-1 M (kg/kmol) Tc (K) pc (bar) pcvc RTc Substance Chemical Formula Acetylene Air (equivalent) Ammonia C2H2 — NH3 26.04 28.97 17.03 309 133 406 62.8 37.7 112.8 0.274 0.284 0.242 Argon Benzene Butane Ar C6H6 C4H10 39.94 78.11 58.12 151 563 425 48.6 49.3 38.0 0.290 0.274 0.274 Carbon Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide C CO2 CO 12.01 44.01 28.01 — 304 133 — 73.9 35.0 — 0.276 0.294 Copper Ethane Ethyl alcohol Cu C2H6 C2H5OH 63.54 30.07 46.07 — 305 516 — 48.8 63.8 — 0.285 0.249 Ethylene Helium Hydrogen C2H4 He H2 28.05 4.003 2.016 283 5.2 33.2 51.2 2.3 13.0 0.270 0.300 0.304 Methane Methyl alcohol Nitrogen CH4 CH3OH N2 16.04 32.04 28.01 191 513 126 46.4 79.5 33.9 0.290 0.220 0.291 Octane Oxygen Propane C8H18 O2 C3H8 114.22 32.00 44.09 569 154 370 24.9 50.5 42.7 0.258 0.290 0.276 Propylene Refrigerant 12 Refrigerant 22 C3H6 CCl2F2 CHClF2 42.08 120.92 86.48 365 385 369 46.2 41.2 49.8 0.276 0.278 0.267 Refrigerant 134a Sulfur dioxide Water CF3CH2F SO2 H 2O 102.03 64.06 18.02 374 431 647.3 40.7 78.7 220.9 0.260 0.268 0.233 Zc Sources: Adapted from International Critical Tables and L. C. Nelson and E. F. Obert, Generalized Compressibility Charts, Chem. Eng., 61: 203 (1954). 719 Table A-1 Tables in SI Units 720 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-2 Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table H2O Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. C .01 4 5 6 8 0.00611 0.00813 0.00872 0.00935 0.01072 1.0002 1.0001 1.0001 1.0001 1.0002 206.136 157.232 147.120 137.734 120.917 0.00 16.77 20.97 25.19 33.59 2375.3 2380.9 2382.3 2383.6 2386.4 0.01 16.78 20.98 25.20 33.60 2501.3 2491.9 2489.6 2487.2 2482.5 2501.4 2508.7 2510.6 2512.4 2516.1 0.0000 0.0610 0.0761 0.0912 0.1212 9.1562 9.0514 9.0257 9.0003 8.9501 .01 4 5 6 8 10 11 12 13 14 0.01228 0.01312 0.01402 0.01497 0.01598 1.0004 1.0004 1.0005 1.0007 1.0008 106.379 99.857 93.784 88.124 82.848 42.00 46.20 50.41 54.60 58.79 2389.2 2390.5 2391.9 2393.3 2394.7 42.01 46.20 50.41 54.60 58.80 2477.7 2475.4 2473.0 2470.7 2468.3 2519.8 2521.6 2523.4 2525.3 2527.1 0.1510 0.1658 0.1806 0.1953 0.2099 8.9008 8.8765 8.8524 8.8285 8.8048 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 0.01705 0.01818 0.01938 0.02064 0.02198 1.0009 1.0011 1.0012 1.0014 1.0016 77.926 73.333 69.044 65.038 61.293 62.99 67.18 71.38 75.57 79.76 2396.1 2397.4 2398.8 2400.2 2401.6 62.99 67.19 71.38 75.58 79.77 2465.9 2463.6 2461.2 2458.8 2456.5 2528.9 2530.8 2532.6 2534.4 2536.2 0.2245 0.2390 0.2535 0.2679 0.2823 8.7814 8.7582 8.7351 8.7123 8.6897 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 0.02339 0.02487 0.02645 0.02810 0.02985 1.0018 1.0020 1.0022 1.0024 1.0027 57.791 54.514 51.447 48.574 45.883 83.95 88.14 92.32 96.51 100.70 2402.9 2404.3 2405.7 2407.0 2408.4 83.96 88.14 92.33 96.52 100.70 2454.1 2451.8 2449.4 2447.0 2444.7 2538.1 2539.9 2541.7 2543.5 2545.4 0.2966 0.3109 0.3251 0.3393 0.3534 8.6672 8.6450 8.6229 8.6011 8.5794 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 0.03169 0.03363 0.03567 0.03782 0.04008 1.0029 1.0032 1.0035 1.0037 1.0040 43.360 40.994 38.774 36.690 34.733 104.88 109.06 113.25 117.42 121.60 2409.8 2411.1 2412.5 2413.9 2415.2 104.89 109.07 113.25 117.43 121.61 2442.3 2439.9 2437.6 2435.2 2432.8 2547.2 2549.0 2550.8 2552.6 2554.5 0.3674 0.3814 0.3954 0.4093 0.4231 8.5580 8.5367 8.5156 8.4946 8.4739 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 0.04246 0.04496 0.04759 0.05034 0.05324 1.0043 1.0046 1.0050 1.0053 1.0056 32.894 31.165 29.540 28.011 26.571 125.78 129.96 134.14 138.32 142.50 2416.6 2418.0 2419.3 2420.7 2422.0 125.79 129.97 134.15 138.33 142.50 2430.5 2428.1 2425.7 2423.4 2421.0 2556.3 2558.1 2559.9 2561.7 2563.5 0.4369 0.4507 0.4644 0.4781 0.4917 8.4533 8.4329 8.4127 8.3927 8.3728 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 38 40 45 0.05628 0.05947 0.06632 0.07384 0.09593 1.0060 1.0063 1.0071 1.0078 1.0099 25.216 23.940 21.602 19.523 15.258 146.67 150.85 159.20 167.56 188.44 2423.4 2424.7 2427.4 2430.1 2436.8 146.68 150.86 159.21 167.57 188.45 2418.6 2416.2 2411.5 2406.7 2394.8 2565.3 2567.1 2570.7 2574.3 2583.2 0.5053 0.5188 0.5458 0.5725 0.6387 8.3531 8.3336 8.2950 8.2570 8.1648 35 36 38 40 45 Temp. C Tables in SI Units (Continued ) Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg 50 55 60 65 70 .1235 .1576 .1994 .2503 .3119 1.0121 1.0146 1.0172 1.0199 1.0228 12.032 9.568 7.671 6.197 5.042 209.32 230.21 251.11 272.02 292.95 2443.5 2450.1 2456.6 2463.1 2469.6 209.33 230.23 251.13 272.06 292.98 2382.7 2370.7 2358.5 2346.2 2333.8 2592.1 2600.9 2609.6 2618.3 2626.8 .7038 .7679 .8312 .8935 .9549 8.0763 7.9913 7.9096 7.8310 7.7553 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 .3858 .4739 .5783 .7014 .8455 1.0259 1.0291 1.0325 1.0360 1.0397 4.131 3.407 2.828 2.361 1.982 313.90 334.86 355.84 376.85 397.88 2475.9 2482.2 2488.4 2494.5 2500.6 313.93 334.91 355.90 376.92 397.96 2321.4 2308.8 2296.0 2283.2 2270.2 2635.3 2643.7 2651.9 2660.1 2668.1 1.0155 1.0753 1.1343 1.1925 1.2500 7.6824 7.6122 7.5445 7.4791 7.4159 75 80 85 90 95 Temp. C Temp. C 100 110 120 130 140 1.014 1.433 1.985 2.701 3.613 1.0435 1.0516 1.0603 1.0697 1.0797 1.673 1.210 0.8919 0.6685 0.5089 418.94 461.14 503.50 546.02 588.74 2506.5 2518.1 2529.3 2539.9 2550.0 419.04 461.30 503.71 546.31 589.13 2257.0 2230.2 2202.6 2174.2 2144.7 2676.1 2691.5 2706.3 2720.5 2733.9 1.3069 1.4185 1.5276 1.6344 1.7391 7.3549 7.2387 7.1296 7.0269 6.9299 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 4.758 6.178 7.917 10.02 12.54 1.0905 1.1020 1.1143 1.1274 1.1414 0.3928 0.3071 0.2428 0.1941 0.1565 631.68 674.86 718.33 762.09 806.19 2559.5 2568.4 2576.5 2583.7 2590.0 632.20 675.55 719.21 763.22 807.62 2114.3 2082.6 2049.5 2015.0 1978.8 2746.5 2758.1 2768.7 2778.2 2786.4 1.8418 1.9427 2.0419 2.1396 2.2359 6.8379 6.7502 6.6663 6.5857 6.5079 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 15.54 19.06 23.18 27.95 33.44 1.1565 1.1726 1.1900 1.2088 1.2291 0.1274 0.1044 0.08619 0.07158 0.05976 850.65 895.53 940.87 986.74 1033.2 2595.3 2599.5 2602.4 2603.9 2604.0 852.45 897.76 943.62 990.12 1037.3 1940.7 1900.7 1858.5 1813.8 1766.5 2793.2 2798.5 2802.1 2804.0 2803.8 2.3309 2.4248 2.5178 2.6099 2.7015 6.4323 6.3585 6.2861 6.2146 6.1437 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 39.73 46.88 54.99 64.12 74.36 1.2512 1.2755 1.3023 1.3321 1.3656 0.05013 0.04221 0.03564 0.03017 0.02557 1080.4 1128.4 1177.4 1227.5 1278.9 2602.4 2599.0 2593.7 2586.1 2576.0 1085.4 1134.4 1184.5 1236.0 1289.1 1716.2 1662.5 1605.2 1543.6 1477.1 2801.5 2796.6 2789.7 2779.6 2766.2 2.7927 2.8838 2.9751 3.0668 3.1594 6.0730 6.0019 5.9301 5.8571 5.7821 250 260 270 280 290 85.81 112.7 145.9 186.5 220.9 1.4036 1.4988 1.6379 1.8925 3.155 0.02167 0.01549 0.01080 0.006945 0.003155 1332.0 1444.6 1570.3 1725.2 2029.6 2563.0 2525.5 2464.6 2351.5 2029.6 1344.0 1461.5 1594.2 1760.5 2099.3 1404.9 1238.6 1027.9 720.5 0 2749.0 2700.1 2622.0 2481.0 2099.3 3.2534 3.4480 3.6594 3.9147 4.4298 5.7045 5.5362 5.3357 5.0526 4.4298 300 320 340 360 374.14 300 320 340 360 374.14 Source: Tables A-2 through A-5 are extracted from J. H. Keenan, F. G. Keyes, P. G. Hill, and J. G. Moore, Steam Tables, Wiley, New York, 1969. H2O TABLE A-2 721 722 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-3 Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table H2O Specific Volume m3/kg Press. bar Temp. C Sat. Liquid vf 103 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.20 28.96 36.16 41.51 45.81 60.06 1.0040 1.0064 1.0084 1.0102 1.0172 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 69.10 75.87 81.33 85.94 89.95 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.50 2.00 Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 34.800 23.739 18.103 14.674 7.649 121.45 151.53 173.87 191.82 251.38 2415.2 2425.0 2432.2 2437.9 2456.7 121.46 151.53 173.88 191.83 251.40 2432.9 2415.9 2403.1 2392.8 2358.3 2554.4 2567.4 2577.0 2584.7 2609.7 0.4226 0.5210 0.5926 0.6493 0.8320 8.4746 8.3304 8.2287 8.1502 7.9085 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.20 1.0223 1.0265 1.0300 1.0331 1.0360 5.229 3.993 3.240 2.732 2.365 289.20 317.53 340.44 359.79 376.63 2468.4 2477.0 2483.9 2489.6 2494.5 289.23 317.58 340.49 359.86 376.70 2336.1 2319.2 2305.4 2293.6 2283.3 2625.3 2636.8 2645.9 2653.5 2660.0 0.9439 1.0259 1.0910 1.1453 1.1919 7.7686 7.6700 7.5939 7.5320 7.4797 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 93.50 96.71 99.63 111.4 120.2 1.0380 1.0410 1.0432 1.0528 1.0605 2.087 1.869 1.694 1.159 0.8857 391.58 405.06 417.36 466.94 504.49 2498.8 2502.6 2506.1 2519.7 2529.5 391.66 405.15 417.46 467.11 504.70 2274.1 2265.7 2258.0 2226.5 2201.9 2665.8 2670.9 2675.5 2693.6 2706.7 1.2329 1.2695 1.3026 1.4336 1.5301 7.4346 7.3949 7.3594 7.2233 7.1271 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 127.4 133.6 138.9 143.6 147.9 1.0672 1.0732 1.0786 1.0836 1.0882 0.7187 0.6058 0.5243 0.4625 0.4140 535.10 561.15 583.95 604.31 622.25 2537.2 2543.6 2546.9 2553.6 2557.6 535.37 561.47 584.33 604.74 623.25 2181.5 2163.8 2148.1 2133.8 2120.7 2716.9 2725.3 2732.4 2738.6 2743.9 1.6072 1.6718 1.7275 1.7766 1.8207 7.0527 6.9919 6.9405 6.8959 6.8565 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 151.9 158.9 165.0 170.4 175.4 1.0926 1.1006 1.1080 1.1148 1.1212 0.3749 0.3157 0.2729 0.2404 0.2150 639.68 669.90 696.44 720.22 741.83 2561.2 2567.4 2572.5 2576.8 2580.5 640.23 670.56 697.22 721.11 742.83 2108.5 2086.3 2066.3 2048.0 2031.1 2748.7 2756.8 2763.5 2769.1 2773.9 1.8607 1.9312 1.9922 2.0462 2.0946 6.8212 6.7600 6.7080 6.6628 6.6226 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 179.9 198.3 212.4 224.0 233.9 1.1273 1.1539 1.1767 1.1973 1.2165 0.1944 0.1318 0.09963 0.07998 0.06668 761.68 843.16 906.44 959.11 1004.8 2583.6 2594.5 2600.3 2603.1 2604.1 762.81 844.84 908.79 962.11 1008.4 2015.3 1947.3 1890.7 1841.0 1795.7 2778.1 2792.2 2799.5 2803.1 2804.2 2.1387 2.3150 2.4474 2.5547 2.6457 6.5863 6.4448 6.3409 6.2575 6.1869 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 50.0 60.0 242.6 250.4 257.5 264.0 275.6 1.2347 1.2522 1.2692 1.2859 1.3187 0.05707 0.04978 0.04406 0.03944 0.03244 1045.4 1082.3 1116.2 1147.8 1205.4 2603.7 2602.3 2600.1 2597.1 2589.7 1049.8 1087.3 1121.9 1154.2 1213.4 1753.7 1714.1 1676.4 1640.1 1571.0 2803.4 2801.4 2798.3 2794.3 2784.3 2.7253 2.7964 2.8610 2.9202 3.0267 6.1253 6.0701 6.0199 5.9734 5.8892 35.0 40.0 45.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100. 110. 285.9 295.1 303.4 311.1 318.2 1.3513 1.3842 1.4178 1.4524 1.4886 0.02737 0.02352 0.02048 0.01803 0.01599 1257.6 1305.6 1350.5 1393.0 1433.7 2580.5 2569.8 2557.8 2544.4 2529.8 1267.0 1316.6 1363.3 1407.6 1450.1 1505.1 1441.3 1378.9 1317.1 1255.5 2772.1 2758.0 2742.1 2724.7 2705.6 3.1211 3.2068 3.2858 3.3596 3.4295 5.8133 5.7432 5.6772 5.6141 5.5527 70.0 80.0 90.0 100. 110. Tables in SI Units (Continued ) Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Press. bar Temp. C Sat. Liquid vf 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 120. 130. 140. 150. 160. 324.8 330.9 336.8 342.2 347.4 1.5267 1.5671 1.6107 1.6581 1.7107 0.01426 0.01278 0.01149 0.01034 0.009306 1473.0 1511.1 1548.6 1585.6 1622.7 2513.7 2496.1 2476.8 2455.5 2431.7 1491.3 1531.5 1571.1 1610.5 1650.1 1193.6 1130.7 1066.5 1000.0 930.6 2684.9 2662.2 2637.6 2610.5 2580.6 3.4962 3.5606 3.6232 3.6848 3.7461 5.4924 5.4323 5.3717 5.3098 5.2455 120. 130. 140. 150. 160. 170. 180. 190. 200. 220.9 352.4 357.1 361.5 365.8 374.1 1.7702 1.8397 1.9243 2.036 3.155 0.008364 0.007489 0.006657 0.005834 0.003155 1660.2 1698.9 1739.9 1785.6 2029.6 2405.0 2374.3 2338.1 2293.0 2029.6 1690.3 1732.0 1776.5 1826.3 2099.3 856.9 777.1 688.0 583.4 0 2547.2 2509.1 2464.5 2409.7 2099.3 3.8079 3.8715 3.9388 4.0139 4.4298 5.1777 5.1044 5.0228 4.9269 4.4298 170. 180. 190. 200. 220.9 H2O TABLE A-3 723 724 Tables in SI Units Properties of Superheated Water Vapor TABLE A-4 T C v m3/kg u kJ/kg H2O p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 0.06 bar 0.006 MPa (Tsat 36.16 C) v m3/kg u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 0.35 bar 0.035 MPa (Tsat 72.69 C) Sat. 80 120 23.739 27.132 30.219 2425.0 2487.3 2544.7 2567.4 2650.1 2726.0 8.3304 8.5804 8.7840 4.526 4.625 5.163 2473.0 2483.7 2542.4 2631.4 2645.6 2723.1 7.7158 7.7564 7.9644 160 200 240 33.302 36.383 39.462 2602.7 2661.4 2721.0 2802.5 2879.7 2957.8 8.9693 9.1398 9.2982 5.696 6.228 6.758 2601.2 2660.4 2720.3 2800.6 2878.4 2956.8 8.1519 8.3237 8.4828 280 320 360 42.540 45.618 48.696 2781.5 2843.0 2905.5 3036.8 3116.7 3197.7 9.4464 9.5859 9.7180 7.287 7.815 8.344 2780.9 2842.5 2905.1 3036.0 3116.1 3197.1 8.6314 8.7712 8.9034 400 440 500 51.774 54.851 59.467 2969.0 3033.5 3132.3 3279.6 3362.6 3489.1 9.8435 9.9633 10.1336 8.872 9.400 10.192 2968.6 3033.2 3132.1 3279.2 3362.2 3488.8 9.0291 9.1490 9.3194 p 0.70 bar 0.07 MPa (Tsat 89.95 C) p 1.0 bar 0.10 MPa (Tsat 99.63 C) Sat. 100 120 2.365 2.434 2.571 2494.5 2509.7 2539.7 2660.0 2680.0 2719.6 7.4797 7.5341 7.6375 1.694 1.696 1.793 2506.1 2506.7 2537.3 2675.5 2676.2 2716.6 7.3594 7.3614 7.4668 160 200 240 2.841 3.108 3.374 2599.4 2659.1 2719.3 2798.2 2876.7 2955.5 7.8279 8.0012 8.1611 1.984 2.172 2.359 2597.8 2658.1 2718.5 2796.2 2875.3 2954.5 7.6597 7.8343 7.9949 280 320 360 3.640 3.905 4.170 2780.2 2842.0 2904.6 3035.0 3115.3 3196.5 8.3162 8.4504 8.5828 2.546 2.732 2.917 2779.6 2841.5 2904.2 3034.2 3114.6 3195.9 8.1445 8.2849 8.4175 400 440 500 4.434 4.698 5.095 2968.2 3032.9 3131.8 3278.6 3361.8 3488.5 8.7086 8.8286 8.9991 3.103 3.288 3.565 2967.9 3032.6 3131.6 3278.2 3361.4 3488.1 8.5435 8.6636 8.8342 p 1.5 bar 0.15 MPa (Tsat 111.37 C) p 3.0 bar 0.30 MPa (Tsat 133.55 C) Sat. 120 160 1.159 1.188 1.317 2519.7 2533.3 2595.2 2693.6 2711.4 2792.8 7.2233 7.2693 7.4665 0.606 2543.6 2725.3 6.9919 0.651 2587.1 2782.3 7.1276 200 240 280 1.444 1.570 1.695 2656.2 2717.2 2778.6 2872.9 2952.7 3032.8 7.6433 7.8052 7.9555 0.716 0.781 0.844 2650.7 2713.1 2775.4 2865.5 2947.3 3028.6 7.3115 7.4774 7.6299 320 360 400 1.819 1.943 2.067 2840.6 2903.5 2967.3 3113.5 3195.0 3277.4 8.0964 8.2293 8.3555 0.907 0.969 1.032 2838.1 2901.4 2965.6 3110.1 3192.2 3275.0 7.7722 7.9061 8.0330 440 500 600 2.191 2.376 2.685 3032.1 3131.2 3301.7 3360.7 3487.6 3704.3 8.4757 8.6466 8.9101 1.094 1.187 1.341 3030.6 3130.0 3300.8 3358.7 3486.0 3703.2 8.1538 8.3251 8.5892 Tables in SI Units (Continued ) v m3/kg u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg 5.0 bar 0.50 MPa (Tsat 151.86 C) u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 7.0 bar 0.70 MPa (Tsat 164.97 C) Sat. 180 200 0.3749 0.4045 0.4249 2561.2 2609.7 2642.9 2748.7 2812.0 2855.4 6.8213 6.9656 7.0592 0.2729 0.2847 0.2999 2572.5 2599.8 2634.8 2763.5 2799.1 2844.8 6.7080 6.7880 6.8865 240 280 320 0.4646 0.5034 0.5416 2707.6 2771.2 2834.7 2939.9 3022.9 3105.6 7.2307 7.3865 7.5308 0.3292 0.3574 0.3852 2701.8 2766.9 2831.3 2932.2 3017.1 3100.9 7.0641 7.2233 7.3697 360 400 440 0.5796 0.6173 0.6548 2898.7 2963.2 3028.6 3188.4 3271.9 3356.0 7.6660 7.7938 7.9152 0.4126 0.4397 0.4667 2895.8 2960.9 3026.6 3184.7 3268.7 3353.3 7.5063 7.6350 7.7571 500 600 700 0.7109 0.8041 0.8969 3128.4 3299.6 3477.5 3483.9 3701.7 3925.9 8.0873 8.3522 8.5952 0.5070 0.5738 0.6403 3126.8 3298.5 3476.6 3481.7 3700.2 3924.8 7.9299 8.1956 8.4391 p 10.0 bar 1.0 MPa (Tsat 179.91 C) p 15.0 bar 1.5 MPa (Tsat 198.32 C) Sat. 200 240 0.1944 0.2060 0.2275 2583.6 2621.9 2692.9 2778.1 2827.9 2920.4 6.5865 6.6940 6.8817 0.1318 0.1325 0.1483 2594.5 2598.1 2676.9 2792.2 2796.8 2899.3 6.4448 6.4546 6.6628 280 320 360 0.2480 0.2678 0.2873 2760.2 2826.1 2891.6 3008.2 3093.9 3178.9 7.0465 7.1962 7.3349 0.1627 0.1765 0.1899 2748.6 2817.1 2884.4 2992.7 3081.9 3169.2 6.8381 6.9938 7.1363 400 440 500 0.3066 0.3257 0.3541 2957.3 3023.6 3124.4 3263.9 3349.3 3478.5 7.4651 7.5883 7.7622 0.2030 0.2160 0.2352 2951.3 3018.5 3120.3 3255.8 3342.5 3473.1 7.2690 7.3940 7.5698 540 600 640 0.3729 0.4011 0.4198 3192.6 3296.8 3367.4 3565.6 3697.9 3787.2 7.8720 8.0290 8.1290 0.2478 0.2668 0.2793 3189.1 3293.9 3364.8 3560.9 3694.0 3783.8 7.6805 7.8385 7.9391 p 20.0 bar 2.0 MPa (Tsat 212.42 C) p 30.0 bar 3.0 MPa (Tsat 233.90 C) Sat. 240 280 0.0996 0.1085 0.1200 2600.3 2659.6 2736.4 2799.5 2876.5 2976.4 6.3409 6.4952 6.6828 0.0667 0.0682 0.0771 2604.1 2619.7 2709.9 2804.2 2824.3 2941.3 6.1869 6.2265 6.4462 320 360 400 0.1308 0.1411 0.1512 2807.9 2877.0 2945.2 3069.5 3159.3 3247.6 6.8452 6.9917 7.1271 0.0850 0.0923 0.0994 2788.4 2861.7 2932.8 3043.4 3138.7 3230.9 6.6245 6.7801 6.9212 440 500 540 0.1611 0.1757 0.1853 3013.4 3116.2 3185.6 3335.5 3467.6 3556.1 7.2540 7.4317 7.5434 0.1062 0.1162 0.1227 3002.9 3108.0 3178.4 3321.5 3456.5 3546.6 7.0520 7.2338 7.3474 600 640 700 0.1996 0.2091 0.2232 3290.9 3362.2 3470.9 3690.1 3780.4 3917.4 7.7024 7.8035 7.9487 0.1324 0.1388 0.1484 3285.0 3357.0 3466.5 3682.3 3773.5 3911.7 7.5085 7.6106 7.7571 H2O TABLE A-4 T C 725 726 Tables in SI Units (Continued ) TABLE A-4 T C v m3/kg u kJ/kg H2O p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg u kJ/kg 40 bar 4.0 MPa (Tsat 250.4 C) p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 60 bar 6.0 MPa (Tsat 275.64 C) Sat. 280 320 0.04978 0.05546 0.06199 2602.3 2680.0 2767.4 2801.4 2901.8 3015.4 6.0701 6.2568 6.4553 0.03244 0.03317 0.03876 2589.7 2605.2 2720.0 2784.3 2804.2 2952.6 5.8892 5.9252 6.1846 360 400 440 0.06788 0.07341 0.07872 2845.7 2919.9 2992.2 3117.2 3213.6 3307.1 6.6215 6.7690 6.9041 0.04331 0.04739 0.05122 2811.2 2892.9 2970.0 3071.1 3177.2 3277.3 6.3782 6.5408 6.6853 500 540 600 0.08643 0.09145 0.09885 3099.5 3171.1 3279.1 3445.3 3536.9 3674.4 7.0901 7.2056 7.3688 0.05665 0.06015 0.06525 3082.2 3156.1 3266.9 3422.2 3517.0 3658.4 6.8803 6.9999 7.1677 640 700 740 0.1037 0.1110 0.1157 3351.8 3462.1 3536.6 3766.6 3905.9 3999.6 7.4720 7.6198 7.7141 0.06859 0.07352 0.07677 3341.0 3453.1 3528.3 3752.6 3894.1 3989.2 7.2731 7.4234 7.5190 p 80 bar 8.0 MPa (Tsat 295.06 C) p 100 bar 10.0 MPa (Tsat 311.06 C) Sat. 320 360 0.02352 0.02682 0.03089 2569.8 2662.7 2772.7 2758.0 2877.2 3019.8 5.7432 5.9489 6.1819 0.01803 0.01925 0.02331 2544.4 2588.8 2729.1 2724.7 2781.3 2962.1 5.6141 5.7103 6.0060 400 440 480 0.03432 0.03742 0.04034 2863.8 2946.7 3025.7 3138.3 3246.1 3348.4 6.3634 6.5190 6.6586 0.02641 0.02911 0.03160 2832.4 2922.1 3005.4 3096.5 3213.2 3321.4 6.2120 6.3805 6.5282 520 560 600 0.04313 0.04582 0.04845 3102.7 3178.7 3254.4 3447.7 3545.3 3642.0 6.7871 6.9072 7.0206 0.03394 0.03619 0.03837 3085.6 3164.1 3241.7 3425.1 3526.0 3625.3 6.6622 6.7864 6.9029 640 700 740 0.05102 0.05481 0.05729 3330.1 3443.9 3520.4 3738.3 3882.4 3978.7 7.1283 7.2812 7.3782 0.04048 0.04358 0.04560 3318.9 3434.7 3512.1 3723.7 3870.5 3968.1 7.0131 7.1687 7.2670 p 120 bar 12.0 MPa (Tsat 324.75 C) p 140 bar 14.0 MPa (Tsat 336.75 C) Sat. 360 400 0.01426 0.01811 0.02108 2513.7 2678.4 2798.3 2684.9 2895.7 3051.3 5.4924 5.8361 6.0747 0.01149 0.01422 0.01722 2476.8 2617.4 2760.9 2637.6 2816.5 3001.9 5.3717 5.6602 5.9448 440 480 520 0.02355 0.02576 0.02781 2896.1 2984.4 3068.0 3178.7 3293.5 3401.8 6.2586 6.4154 6.5555 0.01954 0.02157 0.02343 2868.6 2962.5 3049.8 3142.2 3264.5 3377.8 6.1474 6.3143 6.4610 560 600 640 0.02977 0.03164 0.03345 3149.0 3228.7 3307.5 3506.2 3608.3 3709.0 6.6840 6.8037 6.9164 0.02517 0.02683 0.02843 3133.6 3215.4 3296.0 3486.0 3591.1 3694.1 6.5941 6.7172 6.8326 700 740 0.03610 0.03781 3425.2 3503.7 3858.4 3957.4 7.0749 7.1746 0.03075 0.03225 3415.7 3495.2 3846.2 3946.7 6.9939 7.0952 Tables in SI Units (Continued ) v m3/kg p u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 160 bar 16.0 MPa (Tsat 347.44 C) v m3/kg u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 180 bar 18.0 MPa (Tsat 357.06 C) Sat. 360 400 0.00931 0.01105 0.01426 2431.7 2539.0 2719.4 2580.6 2715.8 2947.6 5.2455 5.4614 5.8175 0.00749 0.00809 0.01190 2374.3 2418.9 2672.8 2509.1 2564.5 2887.0 5.1044 5.1922 5.6887 440 480 520 0.01652 0.01842 0.02013 2839.4 2939.7 3031.1 3103.7 3234.4 3353.3 6.0429 6.2215 6.3752 0.01414 0.01596 0.01757 2808.2 2915.9 3011.8 3062.8 3203.2 3378.0 5.9428 6.1345 6.2960 560 600 640 0.02172 0.02323 0.02467 3117.8 3201.8 3284.2 3465.4 3573.5 3678.9 6.5132 6.6399 6.7580 0.01904 0.02042 0.02174 3101.7 3188.0 3272.3 3444.4 3555.6 3663.6 6.4392 6.5696 6.6905 700 740 0.02674 0.02808 3406.0 3486.7 3833.9 3935.9 6.9224 7.0251 0.02362 0.02483 3396.3 3478.0 3821.5 3925.0 6.8580 6.9623 p 200 bar 20.0 MPa (Tsat 365.81 C) p 240 bar 24.0 MPa Sat. 400 440 0.00583 0.00994 0.01222 2293.0 2619.3 2774.9 2409.7 2818.1 3019.4 4.9269 5.5540 5.8450 0.00673 0.00929 2477.8 2700.6 2639.4 2923.4 5.2393 5.6506 480 520 560 0.01399 0.01551 0.01689 2891.2 2992.0 3085.2 3170.8 3302.2 3423.0 6.0518 6.2218 6.3705 0.01100 0.01241 0.01366 2838.3 2950.5 3051.1 3102.3 3248.5 3379.0 5.8950 6.0842 6.2448 600 640 700 0.01818 0.01940 0.02113 3174.0 3260.2 3386.4 3537.6 3648.1 3809.0 6.5048 6.6286 6.7993 0.01481 0.01588 0.01739 3145.2 3235.5 3366.4 3500.7 3616.7 3783.8 6.3875 6.5174 6.6947 740 800 0.02224 0.02385 3469.3 3592.7 3914.1 4069.7 6.9052 7.0544 0.01835 0.01974 3451.7 3578.0 3892.1 4051.6 6.8038 6.9567 p 280 bar 28.0 MPa p 320 bar 32.0 MPa 400 440 480 0.00383 0.00712 0.00885 2223.5 2613.2 2780.8 2330.7 2812.6 3028.5 4.7494 5.4494 5.7446 0.00236 0.00544 0.00722 1980.4 2509.0 2718.1 2055.9 2683.0 2949.2 4.3239 5.2327 5.5968 520 560 600 0.01020 0.01136 0.01241 2906.8 3015.7 3115.6 3192.3 3333.7 3463.0 5.9566 6.1307 6.2823 0.00853 0.00963 0.01061 2860.7 2979.0 3085.3 3133.7 3287.2 3424.6 5.8357 6.0246 6.1858 640 700 740 0.01338 0.01473 0.01558 3210.3 3346.1 3433.9 3584.8 3758.4 3870.0 6.4187 6.6029 6.7153 0.01150 0.01273 0.01350 3184.5 3325.4 3415.9 3552.5 3732.8 3847.8 6.3290 6.5203 6.6361 800 900 0.01680 0.01873 3563.1 3774.3 4033.4 4298.8 6.8720 7.1084 0.01460 0.01633 3548.0 3762.7 4015.1 4285.1 6.7966 7.0372 H2O TABLE A-4 T C 727 728 Tables in SI Units Properties of Compressed Liquid Water TABLE A-5 T C 3 v 10 m3/kg u kJ/kg H2O p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v 103 m3/kg 25 bar 2.5 MPa (Tsat 223.99 C) u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 50 bar 5.0 MPa (Tsat 263.99 C) 20 40 80 1.0006 1.0067 1.0280 83.80 167.25 334.29 86.30 169.77 336.86 .2961 .5715 1.0737 .9995 1.0056 1.0268 83.65 166.95 333.72 88.65 171.97 338.85 .2956 .5705 1.0720 100 140 180 1.0423 1.0784 1.1261 418.24 587.82 761.16 420.85 590.52 763.97 1.3050 1.7369 2.1375 1.0410 1.0768 1.1240 417.52 586.76 759.63 422.72 592.15 765.25 1.3030 1.7343 2.1341 200 220 Sat. 1.1555 1.1898 1.1973 849.9 940.7 959.1 852.8 943.7 962.1 2.3294 2.5174 2.5546 1.1530 1.1866 1.2859 p 75 bar 7.5 MPa (Tsat 290.59 C) 848.1 938.4 1147.8 p 853.9 944.4 1154.2 2.3255 2.5128 2.9202 100 bar 10.0 MPa (Tsat 311.06 C) 20 40 80 .9984 1.0045 1.0256 83.50 166.64 333.15 90.99 174.18 340.84 .2950 .5696 1.0704 .9972 1.0034 1.0245 83.36 166.35 332.59 93.33 176.38 342.83 .2945 .5686 1.0688 100 140 180 1.0397 1.0752 1.1219 416.81 585.72 758.13 424.62 593.78 766.55 1.3011 1.7317 2.1308 1.0385 1.0737 1.1199 416.12 584.68 756.65 426.50 595.42 767.84 1.2992 1.7292 2.1275 220 260 Sat. 1.1835 1.2696 1.3677 2.5083 2.8763 3.1649 1.1805 1.2645 1.4524 936.2 1124.4 1282.0 p 945.1 1134.0 1292.2 150 bar 15.0 MPa (Tsat 342.24 C) 934.1 1121.1 1393.0 p 945.9 1133.7 1407.6 2.5039 2.8699 3.3596 200 bar 20.0 MPa (Tsat 365.81 C) 20 40 80 .9950 1.0013 1.0222 83.06 165.76 331.48 97.99 180.78 346.81 .2934 .5666 1.0656 .9928 .9992 1.0199 82.77 165.17 330.40 102.62 185.16 350.80 .2923 .5646 1.0624 100 140 180 1.0361 1.0707 1.1159 414.74 582.66 753.76 430.28 598.72 770.50 1.2955 1.7242 2.1210 1.0337 1.0678 1.1120 413.39 580.69 750.95 434.06 602.04 773.20 1.2917 1.7193 2.1147 220 260 300 Sat. 1.1748 1.2550 1.3770 1.6581 2.4953 2.8576 3.2260 3.6848 1.1693 1.2462 1.3596 2.036 929.9 1114.6 1316.6 1585.6 p 20 40 100 .9907 .9971 1.0313 200 300 1.1344 1.3442 250 bar 82.47 164.60 412.08 834.5 1296.6 947.5 1133.4 1337.3 1610.5 25 MPa 107.24 189.52 437.85 862.8 1330.2 925.9 1108.6 1306.1 1785.6 p .2911 .5626 1.2881 .9886 .9951 1.0290 2.2961 3.1900 1.1302 1.3304 300 bar 82.17 164.04 410.78 831.4 1287.9 949.3 1133.5 1333.3 1826.3 2.4870 2.8459 3.2071 4.0139 30.0 MPa 111.84 193.89 441.66 865.3 1327.8 .2899 .5607 1.2844 2.2893 3.1741 729 .6113 .6108 .5176 .4375 .3689 .3102 .2602 .2176 .1815 .1510 .1252 .1035 .0853 .0701 .0574 .0469 .0381 .0309 .0250 .0201 .0161 .0129 .01 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 1.0851 1.0848 1.0844 1.0841 1.0861 1.0858 1.0854 1.0871 1.0868 1.0864 1.0881 1.0878 1.0874 1.0891 1.0888 1.0884 1.0901 1.0898 1.0894 1.0908 1.0908 1.0904 Sat. Solid vi 103 4419 5444 6731 8354 2413.7 2943 3600 1358.4 1640.1 1986.4 786.0 940.5 1128.6 466.7 553.7 658.8 283.8 334.2 394.4 206.1 206.3 241.7 Sat. Vapor vg 2708.7 2708.8 2710.2 Subl. uig 2711.6 2712.9 2714.2 2715.5 2716.8 2718.0 2719.2 2720.4 2721.6 2722.7 2723.7 2724.8 2725.8 2726.8 2727.8 2728.7 2729.6 2730.5 2731.3 333.40 333.43 337.62 Sat. Solid ui Internal Energy kJ/kg 341.78 345.91 350.02 354.09 358.14 362.15 366.14 370.10 374.03 377.93 381.80 385.64 389.45 393.23 396.98 400.71 404.40 408.06 411.70 2328.0 2325.2 2322.4 2319.6 2336.4 2333.6 2330.8 2344.7 2342.0 2339.2 2353.1 2350.3 2347.5 2361.4 2358.7 2355.9 2369.8 2367.0 2364.2 2375.3 2375.3 2372.6 Sat. Vapor ug Source: J. H. Keenan, F. G. Keyes, P. G. Hill, and J. G. Moore, Steam Tables, Wiley, New York, 1978. Pressure kPa Specific Volume m3/kg Properties of Saturated Water (Solid–Vapor): Temperature Table Temp. C TABLE A-6 400.71 404.40 408.06 411.70 389.45 393.23 396.98 377.93 381.80 385.64 366.14 370.10 374.03 354.09 358.14 362.15 341.78 345.91 350.02 333.40 333.43 337.62 Sat. Solid hi 2839.1 2839.1 2839.0 2838.9 2839.0 2839.0 2839.1 2838.6 2838.7 2838.9 2837.9 2838.2 2838.4 2837.0 2837.3 2837.6 2835.7 2836.2 2836.6 2834.8 2834.8 2835.3 Subl. hig Enthalpy kJ/kg 2438.4 2434.7 2430.9 2427.2 2449.5 2445.8 2442.1 2460.6 2456.9 2453.2 2471.8 2468.1 2464.3 2482.9 2479.2 2475.5 2494.0 2490.3 2486.6 2501.4 2501.3 2497.7 Sat. Vapor hg H2O 1.486 1.501 1.517 1.532 1.439 1.455 1.471 1.393 1.408 1.424 1.346 1.362 1.377 1.299 1.315 1.331 1.253 1.268 1.284 1.221 1.221 1.237 Sat. Solid si 11.872 11.972 12.073 12.176 11.580 11.676 11.773 11.302 11.394 11.486 11.036 11.123 11.212 10.781 10.865 10.950 10.536 10.616 10.698 10.378 10.378 10.456 Subl. sig Entropy kJ/kg # K 10.386 10.470 10.556 10.644 10.141 10.221 10.303 9.909 9.985 10.062 9.690 9.762 9.835 9.481 9.550 9.619 9.283 9.348 9.414 9.156 9.157 9.219 Sat. Vapor sg 730 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-7 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg 60 50 45 40 36 32 0.3749 0.6451 0.8290 1.0522 1.2627 1.5049 0.6833 0.6966 0.7037 0.7109 0.7169 0.7231 0.5370 0.3239 0.2564 0.2052 0.1730 0.1468 21.57 10.89 5.50 0.07 4.29 8.68 203.67 207.70 209.70 211.68 213.25 214.80 21.55 10.85 5.44 0.00 4.38 8.79 245.35 239.44 236.39 233.27 230.71 228.10 223.81 228.60 230.95 233.27 235.09 236.89 0.0964 0.0474 0.0235 0.0000 0.0186 0.0369 1.0547 1.0256 1.0126 1.0005 0.9914 0.9828 60 50 45 40 36 32 30 28 26 22 20 1.6389 1.7819 1.9345 2.2698 2.4534 0.7262 0.7294 0.7327 0.7393 0.7427 0.1355 0.1252 0.1159 0.0997 0.0926 10.88 13.09 15.31 19.76 21.99 215.58 216.34 217.11 218.62 219.37 11.00 13.22 15.45 19.92 22.17 226.77 225.43 224.08 221.32 219.91 237.78 238.66 239.53 241.24 242.09 0.0460 0.0551 0.0641 0.0819 0.0908 0.9787 0.9746 0.9707 0.9631 0.9595 30 28 26 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 2.6482 2.8547 3.0733 3.3044 3.5485 0.7462 0.7497 0.7533 0.7569 0.7606 0.0861 0.0802 0.0748 0.0698 0.0652 24.23 26.48 28.73 31.00 33.27 220.11 220.85 221.58 222.30 223.02 24.43 26.69 28.97 31.25 33.54 218.49 217.05 215.59 214.11 212.62 242.92 243.74 244.56 245.36 246.15 0.0996 0.1084 0.1171 0.1258 0.1345 0.9559 0.9525 0.9490 0.9457 0.9424 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 3.8062 4.0777 4.3638 4.6647 4.9811 0.7644 0.7683 0.7722 0.7762 0.7803 0.0610 0.0571 0.0535 0.0501 0.0470 35.54 37.83 40.12 42.42 44.73 223.73 224.43 225.13 225.82 226.50 35.83 38.14 40.46 42.78 45.12 211.10 209.56 208.00 206.41 204.81 246.93 247.70 248.45 249.20 249.92 0.1431 0.1517 0.1602 0.1688 0.1773 0.9392 0.9361 0.9330 0.9300 0.9271 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 5.3133 5.6619 6.0275 6.4105 6.8113 0.7844 0.7887 0.7930 0.7974 0.8020 0.0442 0.0415 0.0391 0.0368 0.0346 47.04 49.37 51.71 54.05 56.40 227.17 227.83 228.48 229.13 229.76 47.46 49.82 52.18 54.56 56.95 203.18 201.52 199.84 198.14 196.40 250.64 251.34 252.03 252.70 253.35 0.1857 0.1941 0.2025 0.2109 0.2193 0.9241 0.9213 0.9184 0.9157 0.9129 2 4 6 8 10 12 16 20 24 28 7.2307 8.1268 9.1030 10.164 11.313 0.8066 0.8162 0.8263 0.8369 0.8480 0.0326 0.0291 0.0259 0.0232 0.0208 58.77 63.53 68.33 73.19 78.09 230.38 231.59 232.76 233.87 234.92 59.35 64.19 69.09 74.04 79.05 194.64 191.02 187.28 183.40 179.37 253.99 255.21 256.37 257.44 258.43 0.2276 0.2442 0.2607 0.2772 0.2936 0.9102 0.9048 0.8996 0.8944 0.8893 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 45 50 60 12.556 13.897 15.341 17.298 19.433 24.281 0.8599 0.8724 0.8858 0.9039 0.9238 0.9705 0.0186 0.0168 0.0151 0.0132 0.0116 0.0089 83.06 88.08 93.18 99.65 106.26 120.00 235.91 236.83 237.66 238.59 239.34 240.24 84.14 89.29 94.53 101.21 108.06 122.35 175.18 170.82 166.25 160.24 153.84 139.61 259.32 260.11 260.79 261.46 261.90 261.96 0.3101 0.3265 0.3429 0.3635 0.3842 0.4264 0.8842 0.8790 0.8738 0.8672 0.8603 0.8455 32 36 40 45 50 60 Temp. C R-22 Internal Energy kJ/kg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Source: Tables A-7 through A-9 are calculated based on equations from A. Kamei and S. W. Beyerlein, “A Fundamental Equation for Chlorodifluoromethane (R-22),” Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 80, No. 11, 1992, pp. 71–86. Temp. C Tables in SI Units Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Sat. Liquid vf 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg 58.86 54.83 51.40 48.40 45.73 43.30 0.6847 0.6901 0.6947 0.6989 0.7026 0.7061 0.5056 0.4107 0.3466 0.3002 0.2650 0.2374 20.36 16.07 12.39 9.17 6.28 3.66 204.13 205.76 207.14 208.34 209.41 210.37 20.34 16.03 12.35 9.12 6.23 3.60 244.69 242.33 240.28 238.47 236.84 235.34 224.36 226.30 227.93 229.35 230.61 231.74 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 41.09 36.23 32.08 28.44 25.18 0.7093 0.7166 0.7230 0.7287 0.7340 0.2152 0.1746 0.1472 0.1274 0.1123 1.26 4.04 8.60 12.61 16.22 211.25 213.16 214.77 216.18 217.42 1.19 4.13 8.70 12.74 16.37 233.95 230.86 228.15 225.73 223.52 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 22.22 19.51 17.00 14.66 12.46 0.7389 0.7436 0.7479 0.7521 0.7561 0.1005 0.0910 0.0831 0.0765 0.0709 19.51 22.54 25.36 27.99 30.47 218.53 219.55 220.48 221.34 222.13 19.67 22.72 25.56 28.22 30.72 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 10.39 8.43 6.56 4.78 3.08 0.7599 0.7636 0.7672 0.7706 0.7740 0.0661 0.0618 0.0581 0.0548 0.0519 32.82 35.06 37.18 39.22 41.17 222.88 223.58 224.24 224.86 225.45 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 1.45 0.12 1.63 3.08 4.49 0.7773 0.7805 0.7836 0.7867 0.7897 0.0492 0.0469 0.0447 0.0427 0.0409 43.05 44.86 46.61 48.30 49.94 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 5.85 10.91 15.45 19.59 23.40 0.7927 0.8041 0.8149 0.8252 0.8352 0.0392 0.0337 0.0295 0.0262 0.0236 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 24.00 30.25 36.29 41.73 46.69 51.26 59.46 0.8546 0.8734 0.8919 0.9104 0.9291 0.9677 0.0195 0.0166 0.0144 0.0127 0.0112 0.0091 Press. bar Temp. C 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 0.0907 0.0709 0.0542 0.0397 0.0270 0.0155 1.0512 1.0391 1.0294 1.0213 1.0144 1.0084 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 232.77 234.99 236.86 238.47 239.88 0.0051 0.0175 0.0366 0.0531 0.0678 1.0031 0.9919 0.9830 0.9755 0.9691 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 221.47 219.57 217.77 216.07 214.46 241.15 242.29 243.33 244.29 245.18 0.0809 0.0930 0.1040 0.1143 0.1238 0.9636 0.9586 0.9542 0.9502 0.9465 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 33.09 35.34 37.49 39.55 41.52 212.91 211.42 209.99 208.61 207.27 246.00 246.77 247.48 248.16 248.80 0.1328 0.1413 0.1493 0.1569 0.1642 0.9431 0.9399 0.9370 0.9342 0.9316 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 226.00 226.54 227.04 227.53 227.99 43.42 45.25 47.02 48.74 50.40 205.98 204.71 203.48 202.28 201.11 249.40 249.97 250.51 251.02 251.51 0.1711 0.1777 0.1841 0.1903 0.1962 0.9292 0.9269 0.9247 0.9226 0.9206 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 51.53 57.48 62.88 67.84 72.46 228.44 230.04 231.43 232.64 233.71 52.01 58.04 63.53 68.59 73.30 199.97 195.60 191.52 187.67 183.99 251.98 253.64 255.05 256.25 257.28 0.2019 0.2231 0.2419 0.2591 0.2748 0.9186 0.9117 0.9056 0.9001 0.8952 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 80.87 88.45 95.41 101.87 107.95 119.24 235.48 236.89 238.00 238.86 239.51 240.22 81.90 89.68 96.83 103.51 109.81 121.56 177.04 170.49 164.21 158.13 152.17 140.43 258.94 260.16 261.04 261.64 261.98 261.99 0.3029 0.3277 0.3500 0.3705 0.3895 0.4241 0.8864 0.8786 0.8715 0.8649 0.8586 0.8463 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 24.00 R-22 TABLE A-8 731 732 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-9 Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 22 Vapor v m3/kg T C u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 0.4 bar 0.04 MPa (Tsat 58.86 C) v m3/kg u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 0.6 bar 0.06 MPa (Tsat 51.40 C) 0.50559 0.51532 0.52787 204.13 205.92 208.26 224.36 226.53 229.38 1.0512 1.0612 1.0741 0.34656 207.14 227.93 1.0294 0.34895 207.80 228.74 1.0330 45 40 35 R-22 Sat. 55 50 0.54037 0.55284 0.56526 210.63 213.02 215.43 232.24 235.13 238.05 1.0868 1.0993 1.1117 0.35747 0.36594 0.37437 210.20 212.62 215.06 231.65 234.58 237.52 1.0459 1.0586 1.0711 30 25 20 0.57766 0.59002 0.60236 217.88 220.35 222.85 240.99 243.95 246.95 1.1239 1.1360 1.1479 0.38277 0.39114 0.39948 217.53 220.02 222.54 240.49 243.49 246.51 1.0835 1.0956 1.1077 15 10 5 0 0.61468 0.62697 0.63925 0.65151 225.38 227.93 230.52 233.13 249.97 253.01 256.09 259.19 1.1597 1.1714 1.1830 1.1944 0.40779 0.41608 0.42436 0.43261 225.08 227.65 230.25 232.88 249.55 252.62 255.71 258.83 1.1196 1.1314 1.1430 1.1545 p 0.8 bar 0.08 MPa (Tsat 45.73 C) p 1.0 bar 0.10 MPa (Tsat 41.09 C) Sat. 45 40 0.26503 0.26597 0.27245 209.41 209.76 212.21 230.61 231.04 234.01 1.0144 1.0163 1.0292 0.21518 211.25 232.77 1.0031 0.21633 211.79 233.42 1.0059 35 30 25 0.27890 0.28530 0.29167 214.68 217.17 219.68 236.99 239.99 243.02 1.0418 1.0543 1.0666 0.22158 0.22679 0.23197 214.29 216.80 219.34 236.44 239.48 242.54 1.0187 1.0313 1.0438 20 15 10 0.29801 0.30433 0.31062 222.22 224.78 227.37 246.06 249.13 252.22 1.0788 1.0908 1.1026 0.23712 0.24224 0.24734 221.90 224.48 227.08 245.61 248.70 251.82 1.0560 1.0681 1.0801 5 0 5 10 0.31690 0.32315 0.32939 0.33561 229.98 232.62 235.29 237.98 255.34 258.47 261.64 264.83 1.1143 1.1259 1.1374 1.1488 0.25241 0.25747 0.26251 0.26753 229.71 232.36 235.04 237.74 254.95 258.11 261.29 264.50 1.0919 1.1035 1.1151 1.1265 p 1.5 bar 0.15 MPa (Tsat 32.08 C) p 2.0 bar 0.20 MPa (Tsat 25.18 C) Sat. 30 25 0.14721 0.14872 0.15232 214.77 215.85 218.45 236.86 238.16 241.30 0.9830 0.9883 1.0011 0.11232 217.42 239.88 0.9691 0.11242 217.51 240.00 0.9696 20 15 10 0.15588 0.15941 0.16292 221.07 223.70 226.35 244.45 247.61 250.78 1.0137 1.0260 1.0382 0.11520 0.11795 0.12067 220.19 222.88 225.58 243.23 246.47 249.72 0.9825 0.9952 1.0076 5 0 5 0.16640 0.16987 0.17331 229.02 231.70 234.42 253.98 257.18 260.41 1.0502 1.0621 1.0738 0.12336 0.12603 0.12868 228.30 231.03 233.78 252.97 256.23 259.51 1.0199 1.0310 1.0438 10 15 20 25 0.17674 0.18015 0.18355 0.18693 237.15 239.91 242.69 245.49 263.66 266.93 270.22 273.53 1.0854 1.0968 1.1081 1.1193 0.13132 0.13393 0.13653 0.13912 236.54 239.33 242.14 244.97 262.81 266.12 269.44 272.79 1.0555 1.0671 1.0786 1.0899 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-9 T C 733 (Continued ) v m3/kg u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg 2.5 bar 0.25 MPa (Tsat 19.51 C) u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 3.0 bar 0.30 MPa (Tsat 14.66 C) 0.09097 0.09303 0.09528 219.55 222.03 224.79 242.29 245.29 248.61 0.9586 0.9703 0.9831 0.07651 221.34 244.29 0.9502 0.07833 223.96 247.46 0.9623 5 0 5 0.09751 0.09971 0.10189 227.55 230.33 233.12 251.93 255.26 258.59 0.9956 1.0078 1.0199 0.08025 0.08214 0.08400 226.78 229.61 232.44 250.86 254.25 257.64 0.9751 0.9876 0.9999 10 15 20 0.10405 0.10619 0.10831 235.92 238.74 241.58 261.93 265.29 268.66 1.0318 1.0436 1.0552 0.08585 0.08767 0.08949 235.28 238.14 241.01 261.04 264.44 267.85 1.0120 1.0239 1.0357 25 30 35 40 0.11043 0.11253 0.11461 0.11669 244.44 247.31 250.21 253.13 272.04 275.44 278.86 282.30 1.0666 1.0779 1.0891 1.1002 0.09128 0.09307 0.09484 0.09660 243.89 246.80 249.72 252.66 271.28 274.72 278.17 281.64 1.0472 1.0587 1.0700 1.0811 p 3.5 bar 0.35 MPa (Tsat 10.39 C) p 4.0 bar 0.40 MPa (Tsat 6.56 C) Sat. 10 5 0.06605 0.06619 0.06789 222.88 223.10 225.99 246.00 246.27 249.75 0.9431 0.9441 0.9572 0.05812 224.24 247.48 0.9370 0.05860 225.16 248.60 0.9411 0 5 10 0.06956 0.07121 0.07284 228.86 231.74 234.63 253.21 256.67 260.12 0.9700 0.9825 0.9948 0.06011 0.06160 0.06306 228.09 231.02 233.95 252.14 225.66 259.18 0.9542 0.9670 0.9795 15 20 25 0.07444 0.07603 0.07760 237.52 240.42 243.34 263.57 267.03 270.50 1.0069 1.0188 1.0305 0.06450 0.06592 0.06733 236.89 239.83 242.77 262.69 266.19 269.71 0.9918 1.0039 1.0158 30 35 40 45 0.07916 0.08070 0.08224 0.08376 246.27 249.22 252.18 255.17 273.97 227.46 280.97 284.48 1.0421 1.0535 1.0648 1.0759 0.06872 0.07010 0.07146 0.07282 245.73 248.71 251.70 254.70 273.22 276.75 280.28 283.83 1.0274 1.0390 1.0504 1.0616 p 4.5 bar 0.45 MPa (Tsat 3.08 C) p 5.0 bar 0.50 MPa (Tsat 0.12 C) Sat. 0 5 0.05189 0.05275 0.05411 225.45 227.29 230.28 248.80 251.03 254.63 0.9316 0.9399 0.9529 0.04686 226.54 249.97 0.9269 0.04810 229.52 253.57 0.9399 10 15 20 0.05545 0.05676 0.05805 233.26 236.24 239.22 258.21 261.78 265.34 0.9657 0.9782 0.9904 0.04934 0.05056 0.05175 232.55 235.57 238.59 257.22 260.85 264.47 0.9530 0.9657 0.9781 25 30 35 0.05933 0.06059 0.06184 242.20 245.19 248.19 268.90 272.46 276.02 1.0025 1.0143 1.0259 0.05293 0.05409 0.05523 241.61 244.63 247.66 268.07 271.68 275.28 0.9903 1.0023 1.0141 40 45 50 55 0.06308 0.06430 0.06552 0.06672 251.20 254.23 257.28 260.34 279.59 283.17 286.76 290.36 1.0374 1.0488 1.0600 1.0710 0.05636 0.05748 0.05859 0.05969 250.70 253.76 256.82 259.90 278.89 282.50 286.12 289.75 1.0257 1.0371 1.0484 1.0595 R-22 Sat. 15 10 734 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-9 T C (Continued ) v m3/kg u kJ/kg R-22 p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg u kJ/kg 5.5 bar 0.55 MPa (Tsat 3.08 C) p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 6.0 bar 0.60 MPa (Tsat 5.85 C) Sat. 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 0.04271 0.04317 0.04433 0.04547 0.04658 0.04768 0.04875 0.04982 0.05086 0.05190 227.53 228.72 231.81 234.89 237.95 241.01 244.07 247.13 250.20 253.27 251.02 252.46 256.20 259.90 263.57 267.23 270.88 274.53 278.17 281.82 0.9226 0.9278 0.9411 0.9540 0.9667 0.9790 0.9912 1.0031 1.0148 1.0264 0.03923 228.44 251.98 0.9186 0.04015 0.04122 0.04227 0.04330 0.04431 0.04530 0.04628 0.04724 231.05 234.18 237.29 240.39 243.49 246.58 249.68 252.78 255.14 258.91 262.65 266.37 270.07 273.76 277.45 281.13 0.9299 0.9431 0.9560 0.9685 0.9808 0.9929 1.0048 1.0164 50 55 60 0.05293 0.05394 0.05495 256.36 259.46 262.58 285.47 289.13 292.80 1.0378 1.0490 1.0601 0.04820 0.04914 0.05008 255.90 259.02 262.15 284.82 288.51 292.20 1.0279 1.0393 1.0504 p Sat. 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 0.03371 0.03451 0.03547 0.03639 0.03730 0.03819 0.03906 0.03992 0.04076 0.04160 0.04242 0.04324 0.04405 p Sat. 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 0.02623 0.02630 0.02789 0.02939 0.03082 0.03219 0.03353 0.03483 0.03611 0.03736 0.03860 0.03982 0.04103 0.04223 0.04342 7.0 bar 0.70 MPa (Tsat 10.91 C) 230.04 232.70 235.92 239.12 242.29 245.46 248.62 251.78 254.94 258.11 261.29 264.48 267.68 253.64 256.86 260.75 264.59 268.40 272.19 275.96 279.72 283.48 287.23 290.99 294.75 298.51 p 0.9117 0.9229 0.9363 0.9493 0.9619 0.9743 0.9865 0.9984 1.0101 1.0216 1.0330 1.0442 1.0552 9.0 bar 0.90 MPa (Tsat 19.59 C) 232.64 232.92 239.73 246.37 252.95 259.49 266.04 272.62 279.23 285.90 292.63 299.42 306.28 313.21 320.21 256.25 256.59 264.83 272.82 280.68 288.46 296.21 303.96 311.73 319.53 327.37 335.26 343.21 351.22 359.29 0.02953 231.43 255.05 0.9056 0.03033 0.03118 0.03202 0.03283 0.03363 0.03440 0.03517 0.03592 0.03667 0.03741 0.03814 234.47 237.76 241.04 244.28 247.52 250.74 253.96 257.18 260.40 263.64 266.87 258.74 262.70 266.66 270.54 274.42 278.26 282.10 285.92 289.74 293.56 297.38 0.9182 0.9315 0.9448 0.9574 0.9700 0.9821 0.9941 1.0058 1.0174 1.0287 1.0400 p 0.9001 0.9013 0.9289 0.9549 0.9795 1.0033 1.0262 1.0484 1.0701 1.0913 1.1120 1.1323 1.1523 1.1719 1.1912 8.0 bar 0.80 MPa (Tsat 15.45 C) 10.0 bar 1.00 MPa (Tsat 23.40 C) 0.02358 233.71 257.28 0.8952 0.02457 0.02598 0.02732 0.02860 0.02984 0.03104 0.03221 0.03337 0.03450 0.03562 0.03672 0.03781 0.03889 238.34 245.18 251.90 258.56 265.19 271.84 278.52 285.24 292.02 298.85 305.74 312.70 319.74 262.91 271.17 279.22 287.15 295.03 302.88 310.74 318.61 326.52 334.46 342.46 350.51 358.63 0.9139 0.9407 0.9660 0.9902 1.0135 1.0361 1.0580 1.0794 1.1003 1.1207 1.1408 1.1605 1.1790 (Continued ) T C v m3/kg p Sat. 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 0.01955 0.02083 0.02204 0.02319 0.02428 0.02534 0.02636 0.02736 0.02834 0.02930 0.03024 0.03118 0.03210 0.03301 0.03392 p Sat. 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 0.01440 0.01533 0.01634 0.01728 0.01817 0.01901 0.01983 0.02062 0.02139 0.02214 0.02288 0.02361 0.02432 0.02503 p Sat. 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 0.01124 0.01212 0.01300 0.01381 0.01457 0.01528 0.01596 0.01663 0.01727 0.01789 0.01850 0.01910 0.01969 0.02027 u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 12.0 bar 1.20 MPa (Tsat 30.25 C) 235.48 242.63 249.69 256.60 263.44 270.25 277.07 283.90 290.77 297.69 304.65 311.68 318.77 325.92 333.14 258.94 267.62 276.14 284.43 292.58 300.66 308.70 316.73 324.78 332.85 340.95 349.09 357.29 365.54 373.84 0.8864 0.9146 0.9413 0.9666 0.9907 1.0139 1.0363 1.0582 1.0794 1.1002 1.1205 1.1405 1.1601 1.1793 1.1983 16.0 bar 1.60 MPa (Tsat 41.73 C) 238.00 244.66 252.29 259.65 266.86 274.00 281.09 288.18 295.28 302.41 309.58 316.79 324.05 331.37 261.04 269.18 278.43 287.30 295.93 304.42 312.82 321.17 329.51 337.84 346.19 354.56 362.97 371.42 0.8715 0.8971 0.9252 0.9515 0.9762 0.9999 1.0228 1.0448 1.0663 1.0872 1.1077 1.1277 1.1473 1.1666 v m3/kg u kJ/kg p 0.01662 0.01708 0.01823 0.01929 0.02029 0.02125 0.02217 0.02306 0.02393 0.02478 0.02562 0.02644 0.02725 0.02805 0.02884 0.01265 0.01301 0.01401 0.01492 0.01576 0.01655 0.01731 0.01804 0.01874 0.01943 0.02011 0.02077 0.02142 0.02207 20.0 bar 2.00 MPa (Tsat 51.26 C) 239.51 247.20 255.35 263.12 270.67 278.09 285.44 292.76 300.08 307.40 314.75 322.14 329.56 337.03 261.98 271.43 281.36 290.74 299.80 308.65 317.37 326.01 334.61 343.19 351.76 360.34 368.95 377.58 0.8586 0.8873 0.9167 0.9436 0.9689 0.9929 1.0160 1.0383 1.0598 1.0808 1.1013 1.1214 1.1410 1.1603 0.00907 0.00913 0.01006 0.01085 0.01156 0.01222 0.01284 0.01343 0.01400 0.01456 0.01509 0.01562 0.01613 0.01663 260.16 263.70 272.81 281.53 290.01 298.34 306.60 314.80 323.00 331.19 339.41 347.65 355.94 364.26 372.64 0.8786 0.8900 0.9186 0.9452 0.9703 0.9942 1.0172 1.0395 1.0612 1.0823 1.1029 1.1231 1.1429 1.1624 1.1815 18.0 bar 1.80 MPa (Tsat 46.69 C) 238.86 241.72 249.86 257.57 265.04 272.37 279.62 286.83 294.04 301.26 308.50 315.78 323.10 330.47 p s kJ/kg # K 14.0 bar 1.40 MPa (Tsat 36.29 C) 236.89 239.78 247.29 254.52 261.60 268.60 275.56 282.52 289.49 296.50 303.55 310.64 317.79 324.99 332.26 p h kJ/kg R-22 TABLE A-9 261.64 265.14 275.09 284.43 293.40 302.16 310.77 319.30 327.78 336.24 344.70 353.17 361.66 370.19 0.8649 0.8758 0.9061 0.9337 0.9595 0.9839 1.0073 1.0299 1.0517 1.0730 1.0937 1.1139 1.1338 1.1532 24.0 bar 2.4 MPa (Tsat 59.46 C) 240.22 240.78 250.30 258.89 267.01 274.85 282.53 290.11 297.64 305.14 312.64 320.16 327.70 335.27 261.99 262.68 274.43 284.93 294.75 304.18 313.35 322.35 331.25 340.08 348.87 357.64 366.41 375.20 0.8463 0.8484 0.8831 0.9133 0.9407 0.9663 0.9906 1.0137 1.0361 1.0577 1.0787 1.0992 1.1192 1.1388 735 736 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-10 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg 40 36 32 28 26 0.5164 0.6332 0.7704 0.9305 1.0199 0.7055 0.7113 0.7172 0.7233 0.7265 0.3569 0.2947 0.2451 0.2052 0.1882 0.04 4.68 9.47 14.31 16.75 204.45 206.73 209.01 211.29 212.43 0.00 4.73 9.52 14.37 16.82 222.88 220.67 218.37 216.01 214.80 222.88 225.40 227.90 230.38 231.62 0.0000 0.0201 0.0401 0.0600 0.0699 0.9560 0.9506 0.9456 0.9411 0.9390 40 36 32 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 1.1160 1.2192 1.3299 1.4483 1.5748 0.7296 0.7328 0.7361 0.7395 0.7428 0.1728 0.1590 0.1464 0.1350 0.1247 19.21 21.68 24.17 26.67 29.18 213.57 214.70 215.84 216.97 218.10 19.29 21.77 24.26 26.77 29.30 213.57 212.32 211.05 209.76 208.45 232.85 234.08 235.31 236.53 237.74 0.0798 0.0897 0.0996 0.1094 0.1192 0.9370 0.9351 0.9332 0.9315 0.9298 24 22 20 18 16 12 8 4 0 4 1.8540 2.1704 2.5274 2.9282 3.3765 0.7498 0.7569 0.7644 0.7721 0.7801 0.1068 0.0919 0.0794 0.0689 0.0600 34.25 39.38 44.56 49.79 55.08 220.36 222.60 224.84 227.06 229.27 34.39 39.54 44.75 50.02 55.35 205.77 203.00 200.15 197.21 194.19 240.15 242.54 244.90 247.23 249.53 0.1388 0.1583 0.1777 0.1970 0.2162 0.9267 0.9239 0.9213 0.9190 0.9169 12 8 4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 3.8756 4.4294 5.0416 5.7160 6.4566 0.7884 0.7971 0.8062 0.8157 0.8257 0.0525 0.0460 0.0405 0.0358 0.0317 60.43 65.83 71.29 76.80 82.37 231.46 233.63 235.78 237.91 240.01 60.73 66.18 71.69 77.26 82.90 191.07 187.85 184.52 181.09 177.55 251.80 254.03 256.22 258.36 260.45 0.2354 0.2545 0.2735 0.2924 0.3113 0.9150 0.9132 0.9116 0.9102 0.9089 8 12 16 20 24 26 28 30 32 34 6.8530 7.2675 7.7006 8.1528 8.6247 0.8309 0.8362 0.8417 0.8473 0.8530 0.0298 0.0281 0.0265 0.0250 0.0236 85.18 88.00 90.84 93.70 96.58 241.05 242.08 243.10 244.12 245.12 85.75 88.61 91.49 94.39 97.31 175.73 173.89 172.00 170.09 168.14 261.48 262.50 263.50 264.48 265.45 0.3208 0.3302 0.3396 0.3490 0.3584 0.9082 0.9076 0.9070 0.9064 0.9058 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 9.1168 9.6298 10.164 10.720 11.299 0.8590 0.8651 0.8714 0.8780 0.8847 0.0223 0.0210 0.0199 0.0188 0.0177 99.47 102.38 105.30 108.25 111.22 246.11 247.09 248.06 249.02 249.96 100.25 103.21 106.19 109.19 112.22 166.15 164.12 162.05 159.94 157.79 266.40 267.33 268.24 269.14 270.01 0.3678 0.3772 0.3866 0.3960 0.4054 0.9053 0.9047 0.9041 0.9035 0.9030 36 38 40 42 44 48 52 56 60 12.526 13.851 15.278 16.813 0.8989 0.9142 0.9308 0.9488 0.0159 0.0142 0.0127 0.0114 117.22 123.31 129.51 135.82 251.79 253.55 255.23 256.81 118.35 124.58 130.93 137.42 153.33 148.66 143.75 138.57 271.68 273.24 274.68 275.99 0.4243 0.4432 0.4622 0.4814 0.9017 0.9004 0.8990 0.8973 48 52 56 60 70 80 90 100 21.162 26.324 32.435 39.742 1.0027 1.0766 1.1949 1.5443 0.0086 0.0064 0.0046 0.0027 152.22 169.88 189.82 218.60 260.15 262.14 261.34 248.49 154.34 172.71 193.69 224.74 124.08 106.41 82.63 34.40 278.43 279.12 276.32 259.13 0.5302 0.5814 0.6380 0.7196 0.8918 0.8827 0.8655 0.8117 70 80 90 100 R-134a Temp. C Temp. C Source: Tables A-10 through A-12 are calculated based on equations from D. P. Wilson and R. S. Basu, “Thermodynamic Properties of a New Stratospherically Safe Working Fluid—Refrigerant 134a,” ASHRAE Trans., Vol. 94, Pt. 2, 1988, pp. 2095–2118. Tables in SI Units TABLE A-11 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Press. bar 737 Temp. C Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Sat. Liquid vf 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 37.07 31.21 26.43 22.36 18.80 0.7097 0.7184 0.7258 0.7323 0.7381 0.3100 0.2366 0.1917 0.1614 0.1395 3.41 10.41 16.22 21.23 25.66 206.12 209.46 212.18 214.50 216.52 3.46 10.47 16.29 21.32 25.77 221.27 217.92 215.06 212.54 210.27 224.72 228.39 231.35 233.86 236.04 0.0147 0.0440 0.0678 0.0879 0.1055 0.9520 0.9447 0.9395 0.9354 0.9322 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 2.8 15.62 12.73 10.09 5.37 1.23 0.7435 0.7485 0.7532 0.7618 0.7697 0.1229 0.1098 0.0993 0.0834 0.0719 29.66 33.31 36.69 42.77 48.18 218.32 219.94 221.43 224.07 226.38 29.78 33.45 36.84 42.95 48.39 208.19 206.26 204.46 201.14 198.13 237.97 239.71 241.30 244.09 246.52 0.1211 0.1352 0.1481 0.1710 0.1911 0.9295 0.9273 0.9253 0.9222 0.9197 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 2.8 3.2 3.6 4.0 5.0 6.0 2.48 5.84 8.93 15.74 21.58 0.7770 0.7839 0.7904 0.8056 0.8196 0.0632 0.0564 0.0509 0.0409 0.0341 53.06 57.54 61.69 70.93 78.99 228.43 230.28 231.97 235.64 238.74 53.31 57.82 62.00 71.33 79.48 195.35 192.76 190.32 184.74 179.71 248.66 250.58 252.32 256.07 259.19 0.2089 0.2251 0.2399 0.2723 0.2999 0.9177 0.9160 0.9145 0.9117 0.9097 3.2 3.6 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0 12.0 26.72 31.33 35.53 39.39 46.32 0.8328 0.8454 0.8576 0.8695 0.8928 0.0292 0.0255 0.0226 0.0202 0.0166 86.19 92.75 98.79 104.42 114.69 241.42 243.78 245.88 247.77 251.03 86.78 93.42 99.56 105.29 115.76 175.07 170.73 166.62 162.68 155.23 261.85 264.15 266.18 267.97 270.99 0.3242 0.3459 0.3656 0.3838 0.4164 0.9080 0.9066 0.9054 0.9043 0.9023 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 52.43 57.92 62.91 67.49 77.59 86.22 0.9159 0.9392 0.9631 0.9878 1.0562 1.1416 0.0140 0.0121 0.0105 0.0093 0.0069 0.0053 123.98 132.52 140.49 148.02 165.48 181.88 253.74 256.00 257.88 259.41 261.84 262.16 125.26 134.02 142.22 149.99 168.12 185.30 148.14 141.31 134.60 127.95 111.06 92.71 273.40 275.33 276.83 277.94 279.17 278.01 0.4453 0.4714 0.4954 0.5178 0.5687 0.6156 0.9003 0.8982 0.8959 0.8934 0.8854 0.8735 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 R-134a 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 738 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-12 T C v m3/kg p Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 134a Vapor u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 0.6 bar 0.06 MPa (Tsat 37.07 C) v m3/kg p u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 1.0 bar 0.10 MPa (Tsat 26.43 C) 0.31003 0.33536 0.34992 206.12 217.86 224.97 224.72 237.98 245.96 0.9520 1.0062 1.0371 0.19170 0.19770 0.20686 212.18 216.77 224.01 231.35 236.54 244.70 0.9395 0.9602 0.9918 0 10 20 0.36433 0.37861 0.39279 232.24 239.69 247.32 254.10 262.41 270.89 1.0675 1.0973 1.1267 0.21587 0.22473 0.23349 231.41 238.96 246.67 252.99 261.43 270.02 1.0227 1.0531 1.0829 30 40 50 R-134a Sat. 20 10 0.40688 0.42091 0.43487 255.12 263.10 271.25 279.53 288.35 297.34 1.1557 1.1844 1.2126 0.24216 0.25076 0.25930 254.54 262.58 270.79 278.76 287.66 296.72 1.1122 1.1411 1.1696 60 70 80 90 0.44879 0.46266 0.47650 0.49031 279.58 288.08 296.75 305.58 306.51 315.84 325.34 335.00 1.2405 1.2681 1.2954 1.3224 0.26779 0.27623 0.28464 0.29302 279.16 287.70 296.40 305.27 305.94 315.32 324.87 334.57 1.1977 1.2254 1.2528 1.2799 p 1.4 bar 0.14 MPa (Tsat 18.80 C) p 1.8 bar 0.18 MPa (Tsat 12.73 C) Sat. 10 0 0.13945 0.14549 0.15219 216.52 223.03 230.55 236.04 243.40 251.86 0.9322 0.9606 0.9922 0.10983 0.11135 0.11678 219.94 222.02 229.67 239.71 242.06 250.69 0.9273 0.9362 0.9684 10 20 30 0.15875 0.16520 0.17155 238.21 246.01 253.96 260.43 269.13 277.97 1.0230 1.0532 1.0828 0.12207 0.12723 0.13230 237.44 245.33 253.36 259.41 268.23 277.17 0.9998 1.0304 1.0604 40 50 60 0.17783 0.18404 0.19020 262.06 270.32 278.74 286.96 296.09 305.37 1.1120 1.1407 1.1690 0.13730 0.14222 0.14710 261.53 269.85 278.31 286.24 295.45 304.79 1.0898 1.1187 1.1472 70 80 90 100 0.19633 0.20241 0.20846 0.21449 287.32 296.06 304.95 314.01 314.80 324.39 334.14 344.04 1.1969 1.2244 1.2516 1.2785 0.15193 0.15672 0.16148 0.16622 286.93 295.71 304.63 313.72 314.28 323.92 333.70 343.63 1.1753 1.2030 1.2303 1.2573 p 2.0 bar 0.20 MPa (Tsat 10.09 C) p 2.4 bar 0.24 MPa (Tsat 5.37 C) Sat. 10 0 0.09933 0.09938 0.10438 221.43 221.50 229.23 241.30 241.38 250.10 0.9253 0.9256 0.9582 0.08343 224.07 244.09 0.9222 0.08574 228.31 248.89 0.9399 10 20 30 0.10922 0.11394 0.11856 237.05 244.99 253.06 258.89 267.78 276.77 0.9898 1.0206 1.0508 0.08993 0.09399 0.09794 236.26 244.30 252.45 257.84 266.85 275.95 0.9721 1.0034 1.0339 40 50 60 0.12311 0.12758 0.13201 261.26 269.61 278.10 285.88 295.12 304.50 1.0804 1.1094 1.1380 0.10181 0.10562 0.10937 260.72 269.12 277.67 285.16 294.47 303.91 1.0637 1.0930 1.1218 70 80 90 100 0.13639 0.14073 0.14504 0.14932 286.74 295.53 304.47 313.57 314.02 323.68 333.48 343.43 1.1661 1.1939 1.2212 1.2483 0.11307 0.11674 0.12037 0.12398 286.35 295.18 304.15 313.27 313.49 323.19 333.04 343.03 1.1501 1.1780 1.2055 1.2326 (Continued ) T C v m3/kg p Sat. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 0.07193 0.07240 0.07613 0.07972 0.08320 0.08660 0.08992 0.09319 0.09641 0.09960 0.10275 0.10587 0.10897 0.11205 p Sat. 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 0.05089 0.05119 0.05397 0.05662 0.05917 0.06164 0.06405 0.06641 0.06873 0.07102 0.07327 0.07550 0.07771 0.07991 0.08208 p Sat. 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 0.03408 0.03581 0.03774 0.03958 0.04134 0.04304 0.04469 0.04631 0.04790 0.04946 0.05099 0.05251 0.05402 0.05550 0.05698 u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 2.8 bar 0.28 MPa (Tsat 1.23 C) 226.38 227.37 235.44 243.59 251.83 260.17 268.64 277.23 285.96 294.82 303.83 312.98 322.27 331.71 246.52 247.64 256.76 265.91 275.12 284.42 293.81 303.32 312.95 322.71 332.60 342.62 352.78 363.08 p 0.9197 0.9238 0.9566 0.9883 1.0192 1.0494 1.0789 1.1079 1.1364 1.1644 1.1920 1.2193 1.2461 1.2727 4.0 bar 0.40 MPa (Tsat 8.93 C) 231.97 232.87 241.37 249.89 258.47 267.13 275.89 284.75 293.73 302.84 312.07 321.44 330.94 340.58 350.35 252.32 253.35 262.96 272.54 282.14 291.79 301.51 311.32 321.23 331.25 341.38 351.64 362.03 372.54 383.18 0.9145 0.9182 0.9515 0.9837 1.0148 1.0452 1.0748 1.1038 1.1322 1.1602 1.1878 1.2149 1.2417 1.2681 1.2941 259.19 267.89 278.09 288.23 298.35 308.48 318.67 328.93 339.27 349.70 360.24 370.88 381.64 392.52 403.51 h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 3.2 bar 0.32 MPa (Tsat 2.48 C) 228.43 248.66 0.9177 0.06576 0.06901 0.07214 0.07518 0.07815 0.08106 0.08392 0.08674 0.08953 0.09229 0.09503 0.09774 234.61 242.87 251.19 259.61 268.14 276.79 285.56 294.46 303.50 312.68 322.00 331.45 255.65 264.95 274.28 283.67 293.15 302.72 312.41 322.22 332.15 342.21 352.40 362.73 0.9427 0.9749 1.0062 1.0367 1.0665 1.0957 1.1243 1.1525 1.1802 1.2076 1.2345 1.2611 5.0 bar 0.50 MPa (Tsat 15.74 C) 0.04086 235.64 256.07 0.9117 0.04188 0.04416 0.04633 0.04842 0.05043 0.05240 0.05432 0.05620 0.05805 0.05988 0.06168 0.06347 0.06524 239.40 248.20 256.99 265.83 274.73 283.72 292.80 302.00 311.31 320.74 330.30 339.98 349.79 260.34 270.28 280.16 290.04 299.95 309.92 319.96 330.10 340.33 350.68 361.14 371.72 382.42 0.9264 0.9597 0.9918 1.0229 1.0531 1.0825 1.1114 1.1397 1.1675 1.1949 1.2218 1.2484 1.2746 p 0.9097 0.9388 0.9719 1.0037 1.0346 1.0645 1.0938 1.1225 1.1505 1.1781 1.2053 1.2320 1.2584 1.2844 1.3100 u kJ/kg 0.06322 p 6.0 bar 0.60 MPa (Tsat 21.58 C) 238.74 246.41 255.45 264.48 273.54 282.66 291.86 301.14 310.53 320.03 329.64 339.38 349.23 359.21 369.32 v m3/kg R-134a TABLE A-12 0.02918 0.02979 0.03157 0.03324 0.03482 0.03634 0.03781 0.03924 0.04064 0.04201 0.04335 0.04468 0.04599 0.04729 0.04857 7.0 bar 0.70 MPa (Tsat 26.72 C) 241.42 244.51 253.83 263.08 272.31 281.57 290.88 300.27 309.74 319.31 328.98 338.76 348.66 358.68 368.82 261.85 265.37 275.93 286.35 296.69 307.01 317.35 327.74 338.19 348.71 359.33 370.04 380.86 391.79 402.82 0.9080 0.9197 0.9539 0.9867 1.0182 1.0487 1.0784 1.1074 1.1358 1.1637 1.1910 1.2179 1.2444 1.2706 1.2963 739 TABLE A-12 T C v m3/kg p R-134a Sat. 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 0.02547 0.02691 0.02846 0.02992 0.03131 0.03264 0.03393 0.03519 0.03642 0.03762 0.03881 0.03997 0.04113 0.04227 0.04340 0.04452 p Sat. 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 0.02020 0.02029 0.02171 0.02301 0.02423 0.02538 0.02649 0.02755 0.02858 0.02959 0.03058 0.03154 0.03250 0.03344 0.03436 0.03528 p Sat. 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 740 0.01405 0.01495 0.01603 0.01701 0.01792 0.01878 0.01960 0.02039 0.02115 0.02189 0.02262 0.02333 0.02403 0.02472 0.02541 0.02608 (Continued ) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 8.0 bar 0.80 MPa (Tsat 31.33 C) 243.78 252.13 261.62 271.04 280.45 289.89 299.37 308.93 318.57 328.31 338.14 348.09 358.15 368.32 378.61 389.02 264.15 273.66 284.39 294.98 305.50 316.00 326.52 337.08 347.71 358.40 369.19 380.07 391.05 402.14 413.33 424.63 p 0.9066 0.9374 0.9711 1.0034 1.0345 1.0647 1.0940 1.1227 1.1508 1.1784 1.2055 1.2321 1.2584 1.2843 1.3098 1.3351 10.0 bar 1.00 MPa (Tsat 39.39 C) 247.77 248.39 258.48 268.35 278.11 287.82 297.53 307.27 317.06 326.93 336.88 346.92 357.06 367.31 377.66 388.12 267.97 268.68 280.19 291.36 302.34 313.20 324.01 334.82 345.65 356.52 367.46 378.46 389.56 400.74 412.02 423.40 273.40 283.10 295.31 307.10 318.63 330.02 341.32 352.59 363.86 375.15 386.49 397.89 409.36 420.90 432.53 444.24 0.02255 0.02325 0.02472 0.02609 0.02738 0.02861 0.02980 0.03095 0.03207 0.03316 0.03423 0.03529 0.03633 0.03736 0.03838 0.03939 p 0.9043 0.9066 0.9428 0.9768 1.0093 1.0405 1.0707 1.1000 1.1286 1.1567 1.1841 1.2111 1.2376 1.2638 1.2895 1.3149 14.0 bar 1.40 MPa (Tsat 52.43 C) 253.74 262.17 272.87 283.29 293.55 303.73 313.88 324.05 334.25 344.50 354.82 365.22 375.71 386.29 396.96 407.73 v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 9.0 bar 0.90 MPa (Tsat 35.53 C) 245.88 250.32 260.09 269.72 279.30 288.87 298.46 308.11 317.82 327.62 337.52 347.51 357.61 367.82 378.14 388.57 266.18 271.25 282.34 293.21 303.94 314.62 325.28 335.96 346.68 357.47 368.33 379.27 390.31 401.44 412.68 424.02 0.9054 0.9217 0.9566 0.9897 1.0214 1.0521 1.0819 1.1109 1.1392 1.1670 1.1943 1.2211 1.2475 1.2735 1.2992 1.3245 12.0 bar 1.20 MPa (Tsat 46.32 C) 0.01663 251.03 270.99 0.9023 0.01712 0.01835 0.01947 0.02051 0.02150 0.02244 0.02335 0.02423 0.02508 0.02592 0.02674 0.02754 0.02834 0.02912 254.98 265.42 275.59 285.62 295.59 305.54 315.50 325.51 335.58 345.73 355.95 366.27 376.69 387.21 275.52 287.44 298.96 310.24 321.39 332.47 343.52 354.58 365.68 376.83 388.04 399.33 410.70 422.16 0.9164 0.9527 0.9868 1.0192 1.0503 1.0804 1.1096 1.1381 1.1660 1.1933 1.2201 1.2465 1.2724 1.2980 p 0.9003 0.9297 0.9658 0.9997 1.0319 1.0628 1.0927 1.1218 1.1501 1.1777 1.2048 1.2315 1.2576 1.2834 1.3088 1.3338 u kJ/kg 0.01208 0.01233 0.01340 0.01435 0.01521 0.01601 0.01677 0.01750 0.01820 0.01887 0.01953 0.02017 0.02080 0.02142 0.02203 0.02263 16.0 bar 1.60 MPa (Tsat 57.92 C) 256.00 258.48 269.89 280.78 291.39 301.84 312.20 322.53 332.87 343.24 353.66 364.15 374.71 385.35 396.08 406.90 275.33 278.20 291.33 303.74 315.72 327.46 339.04 350.53 361.99 373.44 384.91 396.43 407.99 419.62 431.33 443.11 0.8982 0.9069 0.9457 0.9813 1.0148 1.0467 1.0773 1.1069 1.1357 1.1638 1.1912 1.2181 1.2445 1.2704 1.2960 1.3212 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-13 Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Sat. Liquid vf 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug 50 45 40 36 32 0.4086 0.5453 0.7174 0.8850 1.0832 1.4245 1.4367 1.4493 1.4597 1.4703 2.6265 2.0060 1.5524 1.2757 1.0561 43.94 22.03 0.10 17.47 35.09 1264.99 1271.19 1277.20 1281.87 1286.41 30 28 26 22 20 1.1950 1.3159 1.4465 1.7390 1.9019 1.4757 1.4812 1.4867 1.4980 1.5038 0.9634 0.8803 0.8056 0.6780 0.6233 43.93 52.78 61.65 79.46 88.40 18 16 14 12 10 2.0769 2.2644 2.4652 2.6798 2.9089 1.5096 1.5155 1.5215 1.5276 1.5338 0.5739 0.5291 0.4885 0.4516 0.4180 8 6 4 2 0 3.1532 3.4134 3.6901 3.9842 4.2962 1.5400 1.5464 1.5528 1.5594 1.5660 2 4 6 8 10 4.6270 4.9773 5.3479 5.7395 6.1529 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 45 50 Enthalpy kJ/kg Sat. Liquid hf Entropy kJ/kg # K Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg 43.88 21.95 0.00 17.60 35.25 1416.20 1402.52 1388.56 1377.17 1365.55 1372.32 1380.57 1388.56 1394.77 1400.81 0.1922 0.0951 0.0000 0.0747 0.1484 6.1543 6.0523 5.9557 5.8819 5.8111 50 45 40 36 32 1288.63 1290.82 1292.97 1297.18 1299.23 44.10 52.97 61.86 79.72 88.68 1359.65 1353.68 1347.65 1335.36 1329.10 1403.75 1406.66 1409.51 1415.08 1417.79 0.1849 0.2212 0.2572 0.3287 0.3642 5.7767 5.7430 5.7100 5.6457 5.6144 30 28 26 22 20 97.36 106.36 115.37 124.42 133.50 1301.25 1303.23 1305.17 1307.08 1308.95 97.68 106.70 115.75 124.83 133.94 1322.77 1316.35 1309.86 1303.28 1296.61 1420.45 1423.05 1425.61 1428.11 1430.55 0.3994 0.4346 0.4695 0.5043 0.5389 5.5837 5.5536 5.5239 5.4948 5.4662 18 16 14 12 10 0.3874 0.3595 0.3340 0.3106 0.2892 142.60 151.74 160.88 170.07 179.29 1310.78 1312.57 1314.32 1316.04 1317.71 143.09 152.26 161.46 170.69 179.96 1289.86 1283.02 1276.10 1269.08 1261.97 1432.95 1435.28 1437.56 1439.78 1441.94 0.5734 0.6077 0.6418 0.6759 0.7097 5.4380 5.4103 5.3831 5.3562 5.3298 8 6 4 2 0 1.5727 1.5796 1.5866 1.5936 1.6008 0.2695 0.2514 0.2348 0.2195 0.2054 188.53 197.80 207.10 216.42 225.77 1319.34 1320.92 1322.47 1323.96 1325.42 189.26 198.59 207.95 217.34 226.75 1254.77 1247.48 1240.09 1232.61 1225.03 1444.03 1446.07 1448.04 1449.94 1451.78 0.7435 0.7770 0.8105 0.8438 0.8769 5.3038 5.2781 5.2529 5.2279 5.2033 2 4 6 8 10 6.5890 7.5324 8.5762 9.7274 10.993 1.6081 1.6231 1.6386 1.6547 1.6714 0.1923 0.1691 0.1492 0.1320 0.1172 235.14 253.95 272.86 291.84 310.92 1326.82 1329.48 1331.94 1334.19 1336.20 236.20 255.18 274.26 293.45 312.75 1217.35 1201.70 1185.64 1169.16 1152.24 1453.55 1456.87 1459.90 1462.61 1465.00 0.9099 0.9755 1.0404 1.1048 1.1686 5.1791 5.1314 5.0849 5.0394 4.9948 12 16 20 24 28 12.380 13.896 15.549 17.819 20.331 1.6887 1.7068 1.7256 1.7503 1.7765 0.1043 0.0930 0.0831 0.0725 0.0634 330.07 349.32 368.67 393.01 417.56 1337.97 1339.47 1340.70 1341.81 1342.42 332.17 351.69 371.35 396.13 421.17 1134.87 1117.00 1098.62 1074.84 1050.09 1467.03 1468.70 1469.97 1470.96 1471.26 1.2319 1.2946 1.3569 1.4341 1.5109 4.9509 4.9078 4.8652 4.8125 4.7604 32 36 40 45 50 Temp. C Source: Tables A-13 through A-15 are calculated based on equations from L. Haar and J. S. Gallagher, “Thermodynamic Properties of Ammonia,” J. Phys. Chem. Reference Data, Vol. 7, 1978, pp. 635–792. Ammonia Press. bar Temp. C 741 742 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-14 Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Sat. Liquid vf 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor hg 50.36 46.53 43.28 40.46 37.94 35.67 1.4236 1.4330 1.4410 1.4482 1.4546 1.4605 2.6795 2.1752 1.8345 1.5884 1.4020 1.2559 45.52 28.73 14.51 2.11 8.93 18.91 1264.54 1269.31 1273.27 1276.66 1279.61 1282.24 45.46 28.66 14.42 2.01 9.04 19.04 1417.18 1406.73 1397.76 1389.85 1382.73 1376.23 1371.72 1378.07 1383.34 1387.84 1391.78 1395.27 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 33.60 29.07 25.22 21.86 18.86 1.4660 1.4782 1.4889 1.4984 1.5071 1.1381 0.9237 0.7787 0.6740 0.5946 28.03 48.03 65.10 80.08 93.50 1284.61 1289.65 1293.80 1297.33 1300.39 28.18 48.22 65.32 80.35 93.80 1370.23 1356.89 1345.28 1334.92 1325.51 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 16.15 13.67 11.37 9.24 7.24 1.5151 1.5225 1.5295 1.5361 1.5424 0.5323 0.4821 0.4408 0.4061 0.3765 105.68 116.88 127.26 136.96 146.06 1303.08 1305.49 1307.67 1309.65 1311.46 106.03 117.26 127.68 137.42 146.57 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 5.36 3.58 1.90 0.29 1.25 1.5484 1.5542 1.5597 1.5650 1.5702 0.3511 0.3289 0.3094 0.2921 0.2767 154.66 162.80 170.55 177.96 185.04 1313.14 1314.68 1316.12 1317.47 1318.73 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 2.72 4.13 5.48 6.79 8.05 1.5752 1.5800 1.5847 1.5893 1.5938 0.2629 0.2503 0.2390 0.2286 0.2191 191.84 198.39 204.69 210.78 216.66 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 9.27 13.79 17.84 21.52 24.89 1.5982 1.6148 1.6302 1.6446 1.6584 0.2104 0.1815 0.1596 0.1424 0.1285 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 30.94 36.26 41.03 45.38 49.37 1.6841 1.7080 1.7306 1.7522 1.7731 0.1075 0.0923 0.0808 0.0717 0.0644 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 Ammonia Temp. C Sat. Liquid hf Entropy kJ/kg # K Evap. hfg Press. bar Sat. Vapor ug Enthalpy kJ/kg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 0.1992 0.1245 0.0622 0.0086 0.0386 0.0808 6.1618 6.0829 6.0186 5.9643 5.9174 5.8760 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1398.41 1405.11 1410.61 1415.27 1419.31 0.1191 0.2018 0.2712 0.3312 0.3843 5.8391 5.7610 5.6973 5.6435 5.5969 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 1316.83 1308.76 1301.20 1294.05 1287.27 1422.86 1426.03 1428.88 1431.47 1433.84 0.4319 0.4753 0.5152 0.5520 0.5864 5.5558 5.5190 5.4858 5.4554 5.4275 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 155.20 163.38 171.18 178.62 185.75 1280.81 1274.64 1268.71 1263.01 1257.50 1436.01 1438.03 1439.89 1441.63 1443.25 0.6186 0.6489 0.6776 0.7048 0.7308 5.4016 5.3774 5.3548 5.3336 5.3135 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 1319.91 1321.02 1322.07 1323.06 1324.00 192.59 199.18 205.52 211.65 217.58 1252.18 1247.02 1242.01 1237.15 1232.41 1444.77 1446.19 1447.53 1448.80 1449.99 0.7555 0.7791 0.8018 0.8236 0.8446 5.2946 5.2765 5.2594 5.2430 5.2273 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 222.37 243.56 262.64 280.05 296.10 1324.89 1328.04 1330.64 1332.82 1334.66 223.32 244.69 263.95 281.53 297.76 1227.79 1210.38 1194.36 1179.44 1165.42 1451.12 1455.07 1458.30 1460.97 1463.18 0.8649 0.9394 1.0054 1.0649 1.1191 5.2122 5.1576 5.1099 5.0675 5.0294 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 324.99 350.58 373.69 394.85 414.44 1337.52 1339.56 1340.97 1341.88 1342.37 327.01 352.97 376.46 398.00 417.99 1139.52 1115.82 1093.77 1073.01 1053.27 1466.53 1468.79 1470.23 1471.01 1471.26 1.2152 1.2987 1.3729 1.4399 1.5012 4.9625 4.9050 4.8542 4.8086 4.7670 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-15 T C 743 Properties of Superheated Ammonia Vapor v m3/kg u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg 0.4 bar 0.04 MPa (Tsat 50.36 C) u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 0.6 bar 0.06 MPa (Tsat 43.28 C) Sat. 50 45 2.6795 2.6841 2.7481 1264.54 1265.11 1273.05 1371.72 1372.48 1382.98 6.1618 6.1652 6.2118 1.8345 1273.27 1383.34 6.0186 40 35 30 2.8118 2.8753 2.9385 1281.01 1288.96 1296.93 1393.48 1403.98 1414.47 6.2573 6.3018 6.3455 1.8630 1.9061 1.9491 1278.62 1286.75 1294.88 1390.40 1401.12 1411.83 6.0490 6.0946 6.1390 25 20 15 3.0015 3.0644 3.1271 1304.90 1312.88 1320.87 1424.96 1435.46 1445.95 6.3882 6.4300 6.4711 1.9918 2.0343 2.0766 1303.01 1311.13 1319.25 1422.52 1433.19 1443.85 6.1826 6.2251 6.2668 10 5 0 5 3.1896 3.2520 3.3142 3.3764 1328.87 1336.88 1344.90 1352.95 1456.45 1466.95 1477.47 1488.00 6.5114 6.5509 6.5898 6.6280 2.1188 2.1609 2.2028 2.2446 1327.37 1335.49 1343.61 1351.75 1454.50 1465.14 1475.78 1486.43 6.3077 6.3478 6.3871 6.4257 0.8 bar 0.08 MPa (Tsat 37.94 C) p 1.0 bar 0.10 MPa (Tsat 33.60 C) Sat. 35 30 1.4021 1.4215 1.4543 1279.61 1284.51 1292.81 1391.78 1398.23 1409.15 5.9174 5.9446 5.9900 1.1381 1284.61 1398.41 5.8391 1.1573 1290.71 1406.44 5.8723 25 20 15 1.4868 1.5192 1.5514 1301.09 1309.36 1317.61 1420.04 1430.90 1441.72 6.0343 6.0777 6.1200 1.1838 1.2101 1.2362 1299.15 1307.57 1315.96 1417.53 1428.58 1439.58 5.9175 5.9616 6.0046 10 5 0 1.5834 1.6153 1.6471 1325.85 1334.09 1342.31 1452.53 1463.31 1474.08 6.1615 6.2021 6.2419 1.2621 1.2880 1.3136 1324.33 1332.67 1341.00 1450.54 1461.47 1472.37 6.0467 6.0878 6.1281 5 10 15 20 1.6788 1.7103 1.7418 1.7732 1350.54 1358.77 1367.01 1375.25 1484.84 1495.60 1506.35 1517.10 6.2809 6.3192 6.3568 6.3939 1.3392 1.3647 1.3900 1.4153 1349.33 1357.64 1365.95 1374.27 1483.25 1494.11 1504.96 1515.80 6.1676 6.2063 6.2442 6.2816 p 1.5 bar 0.15 MPa (Tsat 25.22 C) p 2.0 bar 0.20 MPa (Tsat 18.86 C) Sat. 25 20 0.7787 0.7795 0.7978 1293.80 1294.20 1303.00 1410.61 1411.13 1422.67 5.6973 5.6994 5.7454 0.59460 1300.39 1419.31 5.5969 15 10 5 0.8158 0.8336 0.8514 1311.75 1320.44 1329.08 1434.12 1445.49 1456.79 5.7902 5.8338 5.8764 0.60542 0.61926 0.63294 1307.43 1316.46 1325.41 1428.51 1440.31 1452.00 5.6328 5.6781 5.7221 0 5 10 0.8689 0.8864 0.9037 1337.68 1346.25 1354.78 1468.02 1479.20 1490.34 5.9179 5.9585 5.9981 0.64648 0.65989 0.67320 1334.29 1343.11 1351.87 1463.59 1475.09 1486.51 5.7649 5.8066 5.8473 15 20 25 30 0.9210 0.9382 0.9553 0.9723 1363.29 1371.79 1380.28 1388.76 1501.44 1512.51 1523.56 1534.60 6.0370 6.0751 6.1125 6.1492 0.68640 0.69952 0.71256 0.72553 1360.59 1369.28 1377.93 1386.56 1497.87 1509.18 1520.44 1531.67 5.8871 5.9260 5.9641 6.0014 Ammonia p 744 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-15 T C (Continued ) v m3/kg u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg 2.5 bar 0.25 MPa (Tsat 13.67 C) u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 3.0 bar 0.30 MPa (Tsat 9.24 C) Sat. 10 5 0.48213 0.49051 0.50180 1305.49 1312.37 1321.65 1426.03 1435.00 1447.10 5.5190 5.5534 5.5989 0.40607 1309.65 1431.47 5.4554 0.41428 1317.80 1442.08 5.4953 0 5 10 0.51293 0.52393 0.53482 1330.83 1339.91 1348.91 1459.06 1470.89 1482.61 5.6431 5.6860 5.7278 0.42382 0.43323 0.44251 1327.28 1336.64 1345.89 1454.43 1466.61 1478.65 5.5409 5.5851 5.6280 15 20 25 0.54560 0.55630 0.56691 1357.84 1366.72 1375.55 1494.25 1505.80 1517.28 5.7685 5.8083 5.8471 0.45169 0.46078 0.46978 1355.05 1364.13 1373.14 1490.56 1502.36 1514.07 5.6697 5.7103 5.7499 30 35 40 45 0.57745 0.58793 0.59835 0.60872 1384.34 1393.10 1401.84 1410.56 1528.70 1540.08 1551.42 1562.74 5.8851 5.9223 5.9589 5.9947 0.47870 0.48756 0.49637 0.50512 1382.09 1391.00 1399.86 1408.70 1525.70 1537.26 1548.77 1560.24 5.7886 5.8264 5.8635 5.8998 Ammonia p 3.5 bar 0.35 MPa (Tsat 5.36 C) p 4.0 bar 0.40 MPa (Tsat 1.90 C) Sat. 0 10 0.35108 0.36011 0.37654 1313.14 1323.66 1342.82 1436.01 1449.70 1474.61 5.4016 5.4522 5.5417 0.30942 0.31227 0.32701 1316.12 1319.95 1339.68 1439.89 1444.86 1470.49 5.3548 5.3731 5.4652 20 30 40 0.39251 0.40814 0.42350 1361.49 1379.81 1397.87 1498.87 1522.66 1546.09 5.6259 5.7057 5.7818 0.34129 0.35520 0.36884 1358.81 1377.49 1395.85 1495.33 1519.57 1543.38 5.5515 5.6328 5.7101 60 80 100 0.45363 0.48320 0.51240 1433.55 1469.06 1504.73 1592.32 1638.18 1684.07 5.9249 6.0586 6.1850 0.39550 0.42160 0.44733 1431.97 1467.77 1503.64 1590.17 1636.41 1682.58 5.8549 5.9897 6.1169 120 140 160 0.54136 0.57013 0.59876 1540.79 1577.38 1614.60 1730.26 1776.92 1824.16 6.3056 6.4213 6.5330 0.47280 0.49808 0.52323 1539.85 1576.55 1613.86 1728.97 1775.79 1823.16 6.2380 6.3541 6.4661 180 200 0.62728 0.65572 1652.51 1691.15 1872.06 1920.65 6.6411 6.7460 0.54827 0.57322 1651.85 1690.56 1871.16 1919.85 6.5744 6.6796 p 4.5 bar 0.45 MPa (Tsat 1.25 C) p 5.0 bar 0.50 MPa (Tsat 4.13 C) Sat. 10 20 0.27671 0.28846 0.30142 1318.73 1336.48 1356.09 1443.25 1466.29 1491.72 5.3135 5.3962 5.4845 0.25034 0.25757 0.26949 1321.02 1333.22 1353.32 1446.19 1462.00 1488.06 5.2765 5.3330 5.4234 30 40 60 0.31401 0.32631 0.35029 1375.15 1393.80 1430.37 1516.45 1540.64 1588.00 5.5674 5.6460 5.7926 0.28103 0.29227 0.31410 1372.76 1391.74 1428.76 1513.28 1537.87 1585.81 5.5080 5.5878 5.7362 80 100 120 0.37369 0.39671 0.41947 1466.47 1502.55 1538.91 1634.63 1681.07 1727.67 5.9285 6.0564 6.1781 0.33535 0.35621 0.37681 1465.16 1501.46 1537.97 1632.84 1679.56 1726.37 5.8733 6.0020 6.1242 140 160 180 200 0.44205 0.46448 0.48681 0.50905 1575.73 1613.13 1651.20 1689.97 1774.65 1822.15 1870.26 1919.04 6.2946 6.4069 6.5155 6.6208 0.39722 0.41749 0.43765 0.45771 1574.90 1612.40 1650.54 1689.38 1773.51 1821.14 1869.36 1918.24 6.2412 6.3537 6.4626 6.5681 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-15 T C 745 (Continued ) v m3/kg u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg 5.5 bar 0.55 MPa (Tsat 6.79 C) u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 6.0 bar 0.60 MPa (Tsat 9.27 C) 0.22861 0.23227 0.24335 1323.06 1329.88 1350.50 1448.80 1457.63 1484.34 5.2430 5.2743 5.3671 0.21038 0.21115 0.22155 1324.89 1326.47 1347.62 1451.12 1453.16 1480.55 5.2122 5.2195 5.3145 30 40 50 0.25403 0.26441 0.27454 1370.35 1389.64 1408.53 1510.07 1535.07 1559.53 5.4534 5.5345 5.6114 0.23152 0.24118 0.25059 1367.90 1387.52 1406.67 1506.81 1532.23 1557.03 5.4026 5.4851 5.5631 60 80 100 0.28449 0.30398 0.32307 1427.13 1463.85 1500.36 1583.60 1631.04 1678.05 5.6848 5.8230 5.9525 0.25981 0.27783 0.29546 1425.49 1462.52 1499.25 1581.38 1629.22 1676.52 5.6373 5.7768 5.9071 120 140 160 0.34190 0.36054 0.37903 1537.02 1574.07 1611.66 1725.07 1772.37 1820.13 6.0753 6.1926 6.3055 0.31281 0.32997 0.34699 1536.07 1573.24 1610.92 1723.76 1771.22 1819.12 6.0304 6.1481 6.2613 180 200 0.39742 0.41571 1649.88 1688.79 1868.46 1917.43 6.4146 6.5203 0.36390 0.38071 1649.22 1688.20 1867.56 1916.63 6.3707 6.4766 p 7.0 bar 0.70 MPa (Tsat 13.79 C) p 8.0 bar 0.80 MPa (Tsat 17.84 C) Sat. 20 30 0.18148 0.18721 0.19610 1328.04 1341.72 1362.88 1455.07 1472.77 1500.15 5.1576 5.2186 5.3104 0.15958 0.16138 0.16948 1330.64 1335.59 1357.71 1458.30 1464.70 1493.29 5.1099 5.1318 5.2277 40 50 60 0.20464 0.21293 0.22101 1383.20 1402.90 1422.16 1526.45 1551.95 1576.87 5.3958 5.4760 5.5519 0.17720 0.18465 0.19189 1378.77 1399.05 1418.77 1520.53 1546.77 1572.28 5.3161 5.3986 5.4763 80 100 120 0.23674 0.25205 0.26709 1459.85 1497.02 1534.16 1625.56 1673.46 1721.12 5.6939 5.8258 5.9502 0.20590 0.21949 0.23280 1457.14 1494.77 1532.24 1621.86 1670.37 1718.48 5.6209 5.7545 5.8801 140 160 180 200 0.28193 0.29663 0.31121 0.32571 1571.57 1609.44 1647.90 1687.02 1768.92 1817.08 1865.75 1915.01 6.0688 6.1826 6.2925 6.3988 0.24590 0.25886 0.27170 0.28445 1569.89 1607.96 1646.57 1685.83 1766.61 1815.04 1863.94 1913.39 5.9995 6.1140 6.2243 6.3311 p 9.0 bar 0.90 MPa (Tsat 21.52 C) p 10.0 bar 1.00 MPa (Tsat 24.89 C) Sat. 30 40 0.14239 0.14872 0.15582 1332.82 1352.36 1374.21 1460.97 1486.20 1514.45 5.0675 5.1520 5.2436 0.12852 0.13206 0.13868 1334.66 1346.82 1369.52 1463.18 1478.88 1508.20 5.0294 5.0816 5.1768 50 60 80 0.16263 0.16922 0.18191 1395.11 1415.32 1454.39 1541.47 1567.61 1618.11 5.3286 5.4083 5.5555 0.14499 0.15106 0.16270 1391.07 1411.79 1451.60 1536.06 1562.86 1614.31 5.2644 5.3460 5.4960 100 120 140 0.19416 0.20612 0.21788 1492.50 1530.30 1568.20 1667.24 1715.81 1764.29 5.6908 5.8176 5.9379 0.17389 0.18478 0.19545 1490.20 1528.35 1566.51 1664.10 1713.13 1761.96 5.6332 5.7612 5.8823 160 180 200 0.22948 0.24097 0.25237 1606.46 1645.24 1684.64 1813.00 1862.12 1911.77 6.0530 6.1639 6.2711 0.20598 0.21638 0.22670 1604.97 1643.91 1683.44 1810.94 1860.29 1910.14 5.9981 6.1095 6.2171 Ammonia Sat. 10 20 746 Tables in SI Units (Continued ) TABLE A-15 T C v m3/kg u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg 12.0 bar 1.20 MPa (Tsat 30.94 C) u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 14.0 bar 1.40 MPa (Tsat 36.26 C) Sat. 40 60 0.10751 0.11287 0.12378 1337.52 1359.73 1404.54 1466.53 1495.18 1553.07 4.9625 5.0553 5.2347 0.09231 0.09432 0.10423 1339.56 1349.29 1396.97 1468.79 1481.33 1542.89 4.9050 4.9453 5.1360 80 100 120 0.13387 0.14347 0.15275 1445.91 1485.55 1524.41 1606.56 1657.71 1707.71 5.3906 5.5315 5.6620 0.11324 0.12172 0.12986 1440.06 1480.79 1520.41 1598.59 1651.20 1702.21 5.2984 5.4433 5.5765 140 160 180 0.16181 0.17072 0.17950 1563.09 1601.95 1641.23 1757.26 1806.81 1856.63 5.7850 5.9021 6.0145 0.13777 0.14552 0.15315 1559.63 1598.92 1638.53 1752.52 1802.65 1852.94 5.7013 5.8198 5.9333 200 220 240 0.18819 0.19680 0.20534 1681.05 1721.50 1762.63 1906.87 1957.66 2009.04 6.1230 6.2282 6.3303 0.16068 0.16813 0.17551 1678.64 1719.35 1760.72 1903.59 1954.73 2006.43 6.0427 6.1485 6.2513 260 280 0.21382 0.22225 1804.48 1847.04 2061.06 2113.74 6.4297 6.5267 0.18283 0.19010 1802.78 1845.55 2058.75 2111.69 6.3513 6.4488 Ammonia p 16.0 bar 1.60 MPa (Tsat 41.03 C) p 18.0 bar 1.80 MPa (Tsat 45.38 C) Sat. 60 80 0.08079 0.08951 0.09774 1340.97 1389.06 1434.02 1470.23 1532.28 1590.40 4.8542 5.0461 5.2156 0.07174 0.07801 0.08565 1341.88 1380.77 1427.79 1471.01 1521.19 1581.97 4.8086 4.9627 5.1399 100 120 140 0.10539 0.11268 0.11974 1475.93 1516.34 1556.14 1644.56 1696.64 1747.72 5.3648 5.5008 5.6276 0.09267 0.09931 0.10570 1470.97 1512.22 1552.61 1637.78 1690.98 1742.88 5.2937 5.4326 5.5614 160 180 200 0.12663 0.13339 0.14005 1595.85 1635.81 1676.21 1798.45 1849.23 1900.29 5.7475 5.8621 5.9723 0.11192 0.11801 0.12400 1592.76 1633.08 1673.78 1794.23 1845.50 1896.98 5.6828 5.7985 5.9096 220 240 260 280 0.14663 0.15314 0.15959 0.16599 1717.18 1758.79 1801.07 1844.05 1951.79 2003.81 2056.42 2109.64 6.0789 6.1823 6.2829 6.3809 0.12991 0.13574 0.14152 0.14724 1715.00 1756.85 1799.35 1842.55 1948.83 2001.18 2054.08 2107.58 6.0170 6.1210 6.2222 6.3207 p 20.0 bar 2.00 MPa (Tsat 49.37 C) Sat. 60 80 0.06445 0.06875 0.07596 1342.37 1372.05 1421.36 1471.26 1509.54 1573.27 4.7670 4.8838 5.0696 100 120 140 0.08248 0.08861 0.09447 1465.89 1508.03 1549.03 1630.86 1685.24 1737.98 5.2283 5.3703 5.5012 160 180 200 0.10016 0.10571 0.11116 1589.65 1630.32 1671.33 1789.97 1841.74 1893.64 5.6241 5.7409 5.8530 220 240 260 280 0.11652 0.12182 0.12706 0.13224 1712.82 1754.90 1797.63 1841.03 1945.87 1998.54 2051.74 2105.50 5.9611 6.0658 6.1675 6.2665 747 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-16 Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf 103 100 90 80 70 60 0.02888 0.06426 0.1301 0.2434 0.4261 50 40 30 20 10 Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. C 1.553 1.578 1.605 1.633 1.663 11.27 5.345 2.774 1.551 0.9234 128.4 107.8 87.0 65.8 44.4 319.5 329.3 339.3 349.5 359.9 128.4 107.8 87.0 65.8 44.3 480.4 471.4 462.4 453.1 443.5 352.0 363.6 375.4 387.3 399.2 0.634 0.519 0.408 0.301 0.198 2.140 2.055 1.986 1.929 1.883 100 90 80 70 60 0.7046 1.110 1.677 2.444 3.451 1.694 1.728 1.763 1.802 1.844 0.5793 0.3798 0.2585 0.1815 0.1309 22.5 0.2 22.6 45.9 69.8 370.4 381.0 391.6 402.4 413.2 22.4 0.0 22.9 46.3 70.4 433.6 423.2 412.1 400.5 388.0 411.2 423.2 435.0 446.8 458.4 0.098 0.000 0.096 0.190 0.282 1.845 1.815 1.791 1.772 1.757 50 40 30 20 10 0 4 8 12 16 4.743 5.349 6.011 6.732 7.515 1.890 1.910 1.931 1.952 1.975 0.09653 0.08591 0.07666 0.06858 0.06149 94.2 104.2 114.3 124.6 135.0 423.8 428.1 432.3 436.5 440.7 95.1 105.3 115.5 125.9 136.4 374.5 368.8 362.9 356.8 350.5 469.6 474.1 478.4 482.7 486.9 0.374 0.410 0.446 0.482 0.519 1.745 1.741 1.737 1.734 1.731 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 8.362 9.278 10.27 11.33 12.47 1.999 2.024 2.050 2.078 2.108 0.05525 0.04973 0.04483 0.04048 0.03659 145.4 156.1 166.9 177.8 188.9 444.8 448.9 452.9 456.7 460.6 147.1 158.0 169.0 180.2 191.6 343.9 337.0 329.9 322.4 314.6 491.0 495.0 498.9 502.6 506.2 0.555 0.591 0.627 0.663 0.699 1.728 1.725 1.722 1.720 1.717 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 52 56 13.69 15.00 16.40 17.89 19.47 2.140 2.174 2.211 2.250 2.293 0.03310 0.02997 0.02714 0.02459 0.02227 200.2 211.7 223.4 235.3 247.4 464.3 467.9 471.4 474.6 477.7 203.1 214.9 227.0 239.3 251.9 306.5 298.0 288.9 279.3 269.2 509.6 512.9 515.9 518.6 521.1 0.736 0.772 0.809 0.846 0.884 1.715 1.712 1.709 1.705 1.701 40 44 48 52 56 60 65 70 75 80 21.16 23.42 25.86 28.49 31.31 2.340 2.406 2.483 2.573 2.683 0.02015 0.01776 0.01560 0.01363 0.01182 259.8 275.7 292.3 309.5 327.6 480.6 483.6 486.1 487.8 488.2 264.8 281.4 298.7 316.8 336.0 258.4 243.8 227.7 209.8 189.2 523.2 525.2 526.4 526.6 525.2 0.921 0.969 1.018 1.069 1.122 1.697 1.690 1.682 1.671 1.657 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 96.7 34.36 37.64 41.19 42.48 2.827 3.038 3.488 4.535 0.01011 0.008415 0.006395 0.004535 347.2 369.4 399.8 434.9 486.9 482.2 467.4 434.9 356.9 380.8 414.2 454.2 164.7 133.1 79.5 0.0 521.6 513.9 493.7 457.2 1.178 1.242 1.330 1.437 1.638 1.608 1.546 1.437 85 90 95 96.7 Source: Tables A-16 through A-18 are calculated based on B. A. Younglove and J. F. Ely, “Thermophysical Properties of Fluids. II. Methane, Ethane, Propane, Isobutane and Normal Butane,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1987, pp. 577–598. Propane Temp. C Internal Energy kJ/kg 748 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-17 Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Sat. Liquid vf 103 Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 6.752 3.542 1.513 0.7962 0.5467 114.6 95.1 64.9 37.7 19.6 326.0 335.4 350.0 363.1 371.8 114.6 95.1 64.9 37.6 19.5 474.4 465.9 452.7 440.5 432.3 359.8 370.8 387.8 402.9 412.8 0.556 0.450 0.297 0.167 0.085 2.081 2.011 1.927 1.871 1.841 0.05 0.10 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.719 1.781 1.826 1.865 1.899 0.4185 0.2192 0.1496 0.1137 0.09172 5.6 33.1 59.8 80.8 98.6 378.5 396.6 408.7 418.0 425.7 5.4 33.5 60.3 81.5 99.5 425.7 406.9 393.3 382.0 372.1 420.3 440.4 453.6 463.5 471.6 0.023 0.139 0.244 0.324 0.389 1.822 1.782 1.762 1.751 1.743 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 7.93 13.41 18.33 22.82 26.95 1.931 1.960 1.989 2.016 2.043 0.07680 0.06598 0.05776 0.05129 0.04606 114.2 128.2 141.0 152.9 164.0 432.2 438.0 443.1 447.6 451.8 115.3 129.6 142.6 154.7 166.1 363.0 354.6 346.7 339.1 331.8 478.3 484.2 489.3 493.8 497.9 0.446 0.495 0.540 0.580 0.618 1.737 1.733 1.729 1.726 1.723 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 30.80 34.39 37.77 40.97 44.01 2.070 2.096 2.122 2.148 2.174 0.04174 0.03810 0.03499 0.03231 0.02997 174.5 184.4 193.9 203.0 211.7 455.6 459.1 462.2 465.2 467.9 176.8 187.0 196.7 206.0 215.0 324.7 317.8 311.0 304.4 297.9 501.5 504.8 507.7 510.4 512.9 0.652 0.685 0.716 0.745 0.772 1.721 1.718 1.716 1.714 1.712 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 46.89 49.65 52.30 54.83 57.27 2.200 2.227 2.253 2.280 2.308 0.02790 0.02606 0.02441 0.02292 0.02157 220.1 228.3 236.2 243.8 251.3 470.4 472.7 474.9 476.9 478.7 223.6 232.0 240.2 248.2 255.9 291.4 285.0 278.6 272.2 265.9 515.0 517.0 518.8 520.4 521.8 0.799 0.824 0.849 0.873 0.896 1.710 1.707 1.705 1.703 1.700 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 61.90 66.21 70.27 74.10 77.72 2.364 2.424 2.487 2.555 2.630 0.01921 0.01721 0.01549 0.01398 0.01263 265.8 279.7 293.1 306.2 319.2 481.7 484.3 486.2 487.5 488.1 271.0 285.5 299.6 313.4 327.1 253.0 240.1 226.9 213.2 198.9 524.0 525.6 526.5 526.6 526.0 0.939 0.981 1.021 1.060 1.097 1.695 1.688 1.681 1.673 1.664 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 35.00 40.00 42.48 86.01 93.38 96.70 2.862 3.279 4.535 0.009771 0.007151 0.004535 351.4 387.9 434.9 486.3 474.7 434.9 361.4 401.0 454.2 159.1 102.3 0.0 520.5 503.3 454.2 1.190 1.295 1.437 1.633 1.574 1.437 35.00 40.00 42.48 Temp. C 0.05 0.10 0.25 0.50 0.75 93.28 83.87 69.55 56.93 48.68 1.570 1.594 1.634 1.672 1.698 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 42.38 25.43 14.16 5.46 1.74 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 Propane Press. bar Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy kJ/kg Tables in SI Units Properties of Superheated Propane TABLE A-18 T C 749 v m3/kg u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg 0.05 bar 0.005 MPa (Tsat 93.28 C) u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 0.1 bar 0.01 MPa (Tsat 83.87 C) Sat. 90 80 6.752 6.877 7.258 326.0 329.4 339.8 359.8 363.8 376.1 2.081 2.103 2.169 3.542 367.3 370.8 2.011 3.617 339.5 375.7 2.037 70 60 50 7.639 8.018 8.397 350.6 361.8 373.3 388.8 401.9 415.3 2.233 2.296 2.357 3.808 3.999 4.190 350.3 361.5 373.1 388.4 401.5 415.0 2.101 2.164 2.226 40 30 20 8.776 9.155 9.533 385.1 397.4 410.1 429.0 443.2 457.8 2.418 2.477 2.536 4.380 4.570 4.760 385.0 397.3 410.0 428.8 443.0 457.6 2.286 2.346 2.405 10 0 10 20 9.911 10.29 10.67 11.05 423.2 436.8 450.8 270.6 472.8 488.2 504.1 520.4 2.594 2.652 2.709 2.765 4.950 5.139 5.329 5.518 423.1 436.7 450.6 465.1 472.6 488.1 503.9 520.3 2.463 2.520 2.578 2.634 p 0.5 bar 0.05 MPa (Tsat 56.93 C) p 1.0 bar 0.1 MPa (Tsat 42.38 C) 0.796 0.824 0.863 363.1 371.3 383.4 402.9 412.5 426.6 1.871 1.914 1.976 0.4185 378.5 420.3 1.822 0.4234 381.5 423.8 1.837 30 20 10 0.903 0.942 0.981 396.0 408.8 422.1 441.1 455.9 471.1 2.037 2.096 2.155 0.4439 0.4641 0.4842 394.2 407.3 420.7 438.6 453.7 469.1 1.899 1.960 2.019 0 10 20 1.019 1.058 1.096 435.8 449.8 464.3 486.7 502.7 519.1 2.213 2.271 2.328 0.5040 0.5238 0.5434 434.4 448.6 463.3 484.8 501.0 517.6 2.078 2.136 2.194 30 40 50 60 1.135 1.173 1.211 1.249 479.2 494.6 510.4 526.7 535.9 553.2 570.9 589.1 2.384 2.440 2.496 2.551 0.5629 0.5824 0.6018 0.6211 478.2 493.7 509.5 525.8 534.5 551.9 569.7 587.9 2.251 2.307 2.363 2.419 p 2.0 bar 0.2 MPa (Tsat 25.43 C) p 3.0 bar 0.3 MPa (Tsat 14.16 C) Sat. 20 10 0.2192 0.2251 0.2358 396.6 404.0 417.7 440.4 449.0 464.9 1.782 1.816 1.877 0.1496 408.7 453.6 1.762 0.1527 414.7 460.5 1.789 0 10 20 0.2463 0.2566 0.2669 431.8 446.3 461.1 481.1 497.6 514.5 1.938 1.997 2.056 0.1602 0.1674 0.1746 429.0 443.8 458.8 477.1 494.0 511.2 1.851 1.912 1.971 30 40 50 0.2770 0.2871 0.2970 476.3 491.9 507.9 531.7 549.3 567.3 2.113 2.170 2.227 0.1816 0.1885 0.1954 474.2 490.1 506.2 528.7 546.6 564.8 2.030 2.088 2.145 60 70 80 90 0.3070 0.3169 0.3267 0.3365 524.3 541.1 558.4 576.1 585.7 604.5 623.7 643.4 2.283 2.339 2.394 2.449 0.2022 0.2090 0.2157 0.2223 522.7 539.6 557.0 574.8 583.4 602.3 621.7 641.5 2.202 2.258 2.314 2.369 Propane Sat. 50 40 750 Tables in SI Units (Continued) TABLE A-18 T C v m3/kg u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg 4.0 bar 0.4 MPa (Tsat 5.46 C) u kJ/kg p h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 5.0 bar 0.5 MPa (Tsat 1.74 C) Sat. 0 10 0.1137 0.1169 0.1227 418.0 426.1 441.2 463.5 472.9 490.3 1.751 1.786 1.848 0.09172 425.7 471.6 1.743 0.09577 438.4 486.3 1.796 20 30 40 0.1283 0.1338 0.1392 456.6 472.2 488.1 507.9 525.7 543.8 1.909 1.969 2.027 0.1005 0.1051 0.1096 454.1 470.0 486.1 504.3 522.5 540.9 1.858 1.919 1.979 50 60 70 0.1445 0.1498 0.1550 504.4 521.1 538.1 562.2 581.0 600.1 2.085 2.143 2.199 0.1140 0.1183 0.1226 502.5 519.4 536.6 559.5 578.5 597.9 2.038 2.095 2.153 80 90 100 110 0.1601 0.1652 0.1703 0.1754 555.7 573.5 591.8 610.4 619.7 639.6 659.9 680.6 2.255 2.311 2.366 2.421 0.1268 0.1310 0.1351 0.1392 554.1 572.1 590.5 609.3 617.5 637.6 658.0 678.9 2.209 2.265 2.321 2.376 p 6.0 bar 0.6 MPa (Tsat 7.93 C) p 7.0 bar 0.7 MPa (Tsat 13.41 C) 0.07680 0.07769 0.08187 432.2 435.6 451.5 478.3 482.2 500.6 1.737 1.751 1.815 0.06598 438.0 484.2 1.733 0.06847 448.8 496.7 1.776 30 40 50 Propane Sat. 10 20 0.08588 0.08978 0.09357 467.7 484.0 500.7 519.2 537.9 556.8 1.877 1.938 1.997 0.07210 0.07558 0.07896 465.2 481.9 498.7 515.7 534.8 554.0 1.840 1.901 1.962 60 70 80 0.09729 0.1009 0.1045 517.6 535.0 552.7 576.0 595.5 615.4 2.056 2.113 2.170 0.08225 0.08547 0.08863 515.9 533.4 551.2 573.5 593.2 613.2 2.021 2.079 2.137 90 100 110 120 0.1081 0.1116 0.1151 0.1185 570.7 589.2 608.0 627.3 635.6 656.2 677.1 698.4 2.227 2.283 2.338 2.393 0.09175 0.09482 0.09786 0.1009 569.4 587.9 606.8 626.2 633.6 654.3 675.3 696.8 2.194 2.250 2.306 2.361 p 8.0 bar 0.8 MPa (Tsat 18.33 C) p 9.0 bar 0.9 MPa (Tsat 22.82 C) Sat. 20 30 0.05776 0.05834 0.06170 443.1 445.9 462.7 489.3 492.6 512.1 1.729 1.740 1.806 0.05129 447.2 493.8 1.726 0.05355 460.0 508.2 1.774 40 50 60 0.06489 0.06796 0.07094 479.6 496.7 514.0 531.5 551.1 570.8 1.869 1.930 1.990 0.05653 0.05938 0.06213 477.2 494.7 512.2 528.1 548.1 568.1 1.839 1.901 1.962 70 80 90 0.07385 0.07669 0.07948 531.6 549.6 567.9 590.7 611.0 631.5 2.049 2.107 2.165 0.06479 0.06738 0.06992 530.0 548.1 566.5 588.3 608.7 629.4 2.022 2.081 2.138 100 110 120 0.08222 0.08493 0.08761 586.5 605.6 625.0 652.3 673.5 695.1 2.221 2.277 2.333 0.07241 0.07487 0.07729 585.2 604.3 623.7 650.4 671.7 693.3 2.195 2.252 2.307 130 140 0.09026 0.09289 644.8 665.0 717.0 739.3 2.388 2.442 0.07969 0.08206 643.6 663.8 715.3 737.7 2.363 2.418 Tables in SI Units (Continued) TABLE A-18 T C 751 v m3/kg p u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 10.0 bar 1.0 MPa (Tsat 26.95 C) v m3/kg p u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 12.0 bar 1.2 MPa (Tsat 34.39 C) Sat. 30 40 0.04606 0.04696 0.04980 451.8 457.1 474.8 497.9 504.1 524.6 1.723 1.744 1.810 0.03810 459.1 504.8 1.718 0.03957 469.4 516.9 1.757 50 60 70 0.05248 0.05505 0.05752 492.4 510.2 528.2 544.9 565.2 585.7 1.874 1.936 1.997 0.04204 0.04436 0.04657 487.8 506.1 524.4 538.2 559.3 580.3 1.824 1.889 1.951 80 90 100 0.05992 0.06226 0.06456 546.4 564.9 583.7 606.3 627.2 648.3 2.056 2.114 2.172 0.04869 0.05075 0.05275 543.1 561.8 580.9 601.5 622.7 644.2 2.012 2.071 2.129 110 120 130 140 0.06681 0.06903 0.07122 0.07338 603.0 622.6 642.5 662.8 669.8 691.6 713.7 736.2 2.228 2.284 2.340 2.395 0.05470 0.05662 0.05851 0.06037 600.4 620.1 640.1 660.6 666.0 688.0 710.3 733.0 2.187 2.244 2.300 2.355 p 14.0 bar 1.4 MPa (Tsat 40.97 C) p 16.0 bar 1.6 MPa (Tsat 46.89 C) 0.03231 0.03446 0.03664 465.2 482.6 501.6 510.4 530.8 552.9 1.714 1.778 1.845 0.02790 0.02861 0.03075 470.4 476.7 496.6 515.0 522.5 545.8 1.710 1.733 1.804 70 80 90 0.03869 0.04063 0.04249 520.4 539.4 558.6 574.6 596.3 618.1 1.909 1.972 2.033 0.03270 0.03453 0.03626 516.2 535.7 555.2 568.5 590.9 613.2 1.871 1.935 1.997 100 110 120 0.04429 0.04604 0.04774 577.9 597.5 617.5 639.9 662.0 684.3 2.092 2.150 2.208 0.03792 0.03952 0.04107 574.8 594.7 614.8 635.5 657.9 680.5 2.058 2.117 2.176 130 140 150 160 0.04942 0.05106 0.05268 0.05428 637.7 658.3 679.2 700.5 706.9 729.8 753.0 776.5 2.265 2.321 2.376 2.431 0.04259 0.04407 0.04553 0.04696 635.3 656.0 677.1 698.5 703.4 726.5 749.9 773.6 2.233 2.290 2.346 2.401 p 18.0 bar 1.8 MPa (Tsat 52.30 C) p 20.0 bar 2.0 MPa (Tsat 57.27 C) Sat. 60 70 0.02441 0.02606 0.02798 474.9 491.1 511.4 518.8 538.0 561.8 1.705 1.763 1.834 0.02157 0.02216 0.02412 478.7 484.8 506.3 521.8 529.1 554.5 1.700 1.722 1.797 80 90 100 0.02974 0.03138 0.03293 531.6 551.5 571.5 585.1 608.0 630.8 1.901 1.965 2.027 0.02585 0.02744 0.02892 527.1 547.6 568.1 578.8 602.5 625.9 1.867 1.933 1.997 110 120 130 0.03443 0.03586 0.03726 591.7 612.1 632.7 653.7 676.6 699.8 2.087 2.146 2.204 0.03033 0.03169 0.03299 588.5 609.2 630.0 649.2 672.6 696.0 2.059 2.119 2.178 140 150 160 0.03863 0.03996 0.04127 653.6 674.8 696.3 723.1 746.7 770.6 2.262 2.318 2.374 0.03426 0.03550 0.03671 651.2 672.5 694.2 719.7 743.5 767.6 2.236 2.293 2.349 170 180 0.04256 0.04383 718.2 740.4 794.8 819.3 2.429 2.484 0.03790 0.03907 716.2 738.5 792.0 816.6 2.404 2.459 Propane Sat. 50 60 752 Tables in SI Units (Continued) TABLE A-18 T C v m3/kg p u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 22.0 bar 2.2 MPa (Tsat 61.90 C) v m3/kg p u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 24.0 bar 2.4 MPa (Tsat 66.21 C) Sat. 70 80 0.01921 0.02086 0.02261 481.8 500.5 522.4 524.0 546.4 572.1 1.695 1.761 1.834 0.01721 0.01802 0.01984 484.3 493.7 517.0 525.6 536.9 564.6 1.688 1.722 1.801 90 100 110 0.02417 0.02561 0.02697 543.5 564.5 585.3 596.7 620.8 644.6 1.903 1.969 2.032 0.02141 0.02283 0.02414 539.0 560.6 581.9 590.4 615.4 639.8 1.873 1.941 2.006 120 130 140 0.02826 0.02949 0.03069 606.2 627.3 648.6 668.4 692.2 716.1 2.093 2.153 2.211 0.02538 0.02656 0.02770 603.2 624.6 646.0 664.1 688.3 712.5 2.068 2.129 2.188 150 160 170 180 0.03185 0.03298 0.03409 0.03517 670.1 691.9 714.1 736.5 740.2 764.5 789.1 813.9 2.269 2.326 2.382 2.437 0.02880 0.02986 0.03091 0.03193 667.8 689.7 711.9 734.5 736.9 761.4 786.1 811.1 2.247 2.304 2.360 2.416 p 26.0 bar 2.6 MPa (Tsat 70.27 C) p 30.0 bar 3.0 MPa (Tsat 77.72 C) 0.01549 0.01742 0.01903 486.2 511.0 534.2 526.5 556.3 583.7 1.681 1.767 1.844 0.01263 0.01318 0.01506 488.2 495.4 522.8 526.0 534.9 568.0 1.664 1.689 1.782 100 110 120 Propane Sat. 80 90 0.02045 0.02174 0.02294 556.4 578.3 600.0 609.6 634.8 659.6 1.914 1.981 2.045 0.01654 0.01783 0.01899 547.2 570.4 593.0 596.8 623.9 650.0 1.860 1.932 1.999 130 140 150 0.02408 0.02516 0.02621 621.6 643.4 665.3 684.2 708.8 733.4 2.106 2.167 2.226 0.02007 0.02109 0.02206 615.4 637.7 660.1 675.6 701.0 726.3 2.063 2.126 2.186 160 170 180 190 0.02723 0.02821 0.02918 0.03012 687.4 709.9 732.5 755.5 758.2 783.2 808.4 833.8 2.283 2.340 2.397 2.452 0.02300 0.02390 0.02478 0.02563 682.6 705.4 728.3 751.5 751.6 777.1 802.6 828.4 2.245 2.303 2.360 2.417 p 35.0 bar 3.5 MPa (Tsat 86.01 C) p 40.0 bar 4.0 MPa (Tsat 93.38 C) Sat. 90 100 0.00977 0.01086 0.01270 486.3 502.4 532.9 520.5 540.5 577.3 1.633 1.688 1.788 0.00715 474.7 503.3 1.574 0.00940 512.1 549.7 1.700 110 120 130 0.01408 0.01526 0.01631 558.9 583.4 607.0 608.2 636.8 664.1 1.870 1.944 2.012 0.01110 0.01237 0.01344 544.7 572.1 597.4 589.1 621.6 651.2 1.804 1.887 1.962 140 150 160 0.01728 0.01819 0.01906 630.2 653.3 676.4 690.7 717.0 743.1 2.077 2.140 2.201 0.01439 0.01527 0.01609 621.9 645.9 669.7 679.5 707.0 734.1 2.031 2.097 2.160 170 180 190 200 0.01989 0.02068 0.02146 0.02221 699.6 722.9 746.5 770.3 769.2 795.3 821.6 848.0 2.261 2.319 2.376 2.433 0.01687 0.01761 0.01833 0.01902 693.4 717.3 741.2 765.3 760.9 787.7 814.5 841.4 2.222 2.281 2.340 2.397 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-19 753 Properties of Selected Solids and Liquids: cp, , and Substance Specific Heat, cp (kJ/kg # K) Density, (kg/m3) Thermal Conductivity, (W/m # K) 0.903 1.260 0.385 0.775 0.447 0.129 0.800 0.235 1.840 0.480 0.227 2700 1350 8930 2630 7870 11300 1520 10500 2050 8060 7310 237 0.26 401 2.79 80.2 35.3 0.27 429 0.52 15.1 66.6 Building Materials, 300K Brick, common Concrete (stone mix) Glass, plate Hardboard, siding Limestone Plywood Softwoods (fir, pine) 0.835 0.880 0.750 1.170 0.810 1.220 1.380 1920 2300 2500 640 2320 545 510 0.72 1.4 1.4 0.094 2.15 0.12 0.12 Insulating Materials, 300K Blanket (glass fiber) Cork Duct liner (glass fiber, coated) Polystyrene (extruded) Vermiculite fill (flakes) — 1.800 0.835 1.210 0.835 16 120 32 55 80 0.046 0.039 0.038 0.027 0.068 Saturated Liquids Ammonia, 300K Mercury, 300K Refrigerant 22, 300K Refrigerant 134a, 300K Unused Engine Oil, 300K Water, 275K 300K 325K 350K 375K 400K 4.818 0.139 1.267 1.434 1.909 4.211 4.179 4.182 4.195 4.220 4.256 599.8 13529 1183.1 1199.7 884.1 999.9 996.5 987.1 973.5 956.8 937.4 0.465 8.540 0.085 0.081 0.145 0.574 0.613 0.645 0.668 0.681 0.688 Source: Drawn from several sources, these data are only representative. Values can vary depending on temperature, purity, moisture content, and other factors. Table A-19 Selected Solids, 300K Aluminium Coal, anthracite Copper Granite Iron Lead Sand Silver Soil Steel (AISI 302) Tin 754 Tables in SI Units Ideal Gas Specific Heats of Some Common Gases (kJ/kg # K) TABLE A-20 cp cv Temp. K k cp cv Air k cp cv Nitrogen, N2 k Temp. K Oxygen, O2 250 300 350 1.003 1.005 1.008 0.716 0.718 0.721 1.401 1.400 1.398 1.039 1.039 1.041 0.742 0.743 0.744 1.400 1.400 1.399 0.913 0.918 0.928 0.653 0.658 0.668 1.398 1.395 1.389 250 300 350 400 450 500 1.013 1.020 1.029 0.726 0.733 0.742 1.395 1.391 1.387 1.044 1.049 1.056 0.747 0.752 0.759 1.397 1.395 1.391 0.941 0.956 0.972 0.681 0.696 0.712 1.382 1.373 1.365 400 450 500 550 600 650 1.040 1.051 1.063 0.753 0.764 0.776 1.381 1.376 1.370 1.065 1.075 1.086 0.768 0.778 0.789 1.387 1.382 1.376 0.988 1.003 1.017 0.728 0.743 0.758 1.358 1.350 1.343 550 600 650 700 750 800 1.075 1.087 1.099 0.788 0.800 0.812 1.364 1.359 1.354 1.098 1.110 1.121 0.801 0.813 0.825 1.371 1.365 1.360 1.031 1.043 1.054 0.771 0.783 0.794 1.337 1.332 1.327 700 750 800 900 1000 1.121 1.142 0.834 0.855 1.344 1.336 1.145 1.167 0.849 0.870 1.349 1.341 1.074 1.090 0.814 0.830 1.319 1.313 900 1000 Temp. K Carbon Dioxide, CO2 Carbon Monoxide, CO Temp. K Hydrogen, H2 250 300 350 0.791 0.846 0.895 0.602 0.657 0.706 1.314 1.288 1.268 1.039 1.040 1.043 0.743 0.744 0.746 1.400 1.399 1.398 14.051 14.307 14.427 9.927 10.183 10.302 1.416 1.405 1.400 250 300 350 400 450 500 0.939 0.978 1.014 0.750 0.790 0.825 1.252 1.239 1.229 1.047 1.054 1.063 0.751 0.757 0.767 1.395 1.392 1.387 14.476 14.501 14.513 10.352 10.377 10.389 1.398 1.398 1.397 400 450 500 550 600 650 1.046 1.075 1.102 0.857 0.886 0.913 1.220 1.213 1.207 1.075 1.087 1.100 0.778 0.790 0.803 1.382 1.376 1.370 14.530 14.546 14.571 10.405 10.422 10.447 1.396 1.396 1.395 550 600 650 700 750 800 1.126 1.148 1.169 0.937 0.959 0.980 1.202 1.197 1.193 1.113 1.126 1.139 0.816 0.829 0.842 1.364 1.358 1.353 14.604 14.645 14.695 10.480 10.521 10.570 1.394 1.392 1.390 700 750 800 900 1000 1.204 1.234 1.015 1.045 1.186 1.181 1.163 1.185 0.866 0.888 1.343 1.335 14.822 14.983 10.698 10.859 1.385 1.380 900 1000 Table A-20 Source: Adapted from K. Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983, as based on “Tables of Thermal Properties of Gases,” NBS Circular 564, 1955. Tables in SI Units TABLE A-21 755 Variation of cp with Temperature for Selected Ideal Gases cp R a bT gT 2 dT 3 eT 4 T is in K, equations valid from 300 to 1000 K 103 Gas 106 109 1012 CO CO2 H2 H2O 3.710 2.401 3.057 4.070 1.619 8.735 2.677 1.108 3.692 6.607 5.810 4.152 2.032 2.002 5.521 2.964 0.240 0 1.812 0.807 O2 N2 Air SO2 3.626 3.675 3.653 3.267 1.878 1.208 1.337 5.324 7.055 2.324 3.294 0.684 6.764 0.632 1.913 5.281 2.156 0.226 0.2763 2.559 CH4 C2H2 C2H4 3.826 1.410 1.426 3.979 19.057 11.383 24.558 24.501 7.989 22.733 16.391 16.254 6.963 4.135 6.749 Monatomic gasesa 2.5 0 0 0 0 a Table A-21 For monatomic gases, such as He, Ne, and Ar, cp is constant over a wide temperature range and is very nearly equal to 5 2 R. Source: Adapted from K. Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983, as based on NASA SP-273, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1971. Table A-22 756 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-22 Ideal Gas Properties of Air T(K), h and u(kJ/kg), s (kJ/kg # K) when s 01 pr vr T h u s 200 210 220 230 240 199.97 209.97 219.97 230.02 240.02 142.56 149.69 156.82 164.00 171.13 1.29559 1.34444 1.39105 1.43557 1.47824 0.3363 0.3987 0.4690 0.5477 0.6355 250 260 270 280 285 250.05 260.09 270.11 280.13 285.14 178.28 185.45 192.60 199.75 203.33 1.51917 1.55848 1.59634 1.63279 1.65055 0.7329 0.8405 0.9590 1.0889 1.1584 290 295 300 305 310 290.16 295.17 300.19 305.22 310.24 206.91 210.49 214.07 217.67 221.25 1.66802 1.68515 1.70203 1.71865 1.73498 315 320 325 330 340 315.27 320.29 325.31 330.34 340.42 224.85 228.42 232.02 235.61 242.82 350 360 370 380 390 350.49 360.58 370.67 380.77 390.88 400 410 420 430 440 400.98 411.12 421.26 431.43 441.61 when s 0 pr vr T h u s 450 460 470 480 490 451.80 462.02 472.24 482.49 492.74 322.62 329.97 337.32 344.70 352.08 2.11161 2.13407 2.15604 2.17760 2.19876 5.775 6.245 6.742 7.268 7.824 223.6 211.4 200.1 189.5 179.7 979. 887.8 808.0 738.0 706.1 500 510 520 530 540 503.02 513.32 523.63 533.98 544.35 359.49 366.92 374.36 381.84 389.34 2.21952 2.23993 2.25997 2.27967 2.29906 8.411 9.031 9.684 10.37 11.10 170.6 162.1 154.1 146.7 139.7 1.2311 1.3068 1.3860 1.4686 1.5546 676.1 647.9 621.2 596.0 572.3 550 560 570 580 590 554.74 565.17 575.59 586.04 596.52 396.86 404.42 411.97 419.55 427.15 2.31809 2.33685 2.35531 2.37348 2.39140 11.86 12.66 13.50 14.38 15.31 133.1 127.0 121.2 115.7 110.6 1.75106 1.76690 1.78249 1.79783 1.82790 1.6442 1.7375 1.8345 1.9352 2.149 549.8 528.6 508.4 489.4 454.1 600 610 620 630 640 607.02 617.53 628.07 638.63 649.22 434.78 442.42 450.09 457.78 465.50 2.40902 2.42644 2.44356 2.46048 2.47716 16.28 17.30 18.36 19.84 20.64 105.8 101.2 96.92 92.84 88.99 250.02 257.24 264.46 271.69 278.93 1.85708 1.88543 1.91313 1.94001 1.96633 2.379 2.626 2.892 3.176 3.481 422.2 393.4 367.2 343.4 321.5 650 660 670 680 690 659.84 670.47 681.14 691.82 702.52 473.25 481.01 488.81 496.62 504.45 2.49364 2.50985 2.52589 2.54175 2.55731 21.86 23.13 24.46 25.85 27.29 85.34 81.89 78.61 75.50 72.56 286.16 293.43 300.69 307.99 315.30 1.99194 2.01699 2.04142 2.06533 2.08870 3.806 4.153 4.522 4.915 5.332 301.6 283.3 266.6 251.1 236.8 700 710 720 730 740 713.27 724.04 734.82 745.62 756.44 512.33 520.23 528.14 536.07 544.02 2.57277 2.58810 2.60319 2.61803 2.63280 28.80 30.38 32.02 33.72 35.50 69.76 67.07 64.53 62.13 59.82 1707. 1512. 1346. 1205. 1084. 1. pr and vr data for use with Eqs. 6.43 and 6.44, respectively. TABLE A-22 757 (Continued ) T(K), h and u(kJ/kg), s (kJ/kg # K) when s 01 when s 0 T h u s pr vr T h u s pr vr 750 760 770 780 790 767.29 778.18 789.11 800.03 810.99 551.99 560.01 568.07 576.12 584.21 2.64737 2.66176 2.67595 2.69013 2.70400 37.35 39.27 41.31 43.35 45.55 57.63 55.54 53.39 51.64 49.86 1300 1320 1340 1360 1380 1395.97 1419.76 1443.60 1467.49 1491.44 1022.82 1040.88 1058.94 1077.10 1095.26 3.27345 3.29160 3.30959 3.32724 3.34474 330.9 352.5 375.3 399.1 424.2 11.275 10.747 10.247 9.780 9.337 800 820 840 860 880 821.95 843.98 866.08 888.27 910.56 592.30 608.59 624.95 641.40 657.95 2.71787 2.74504 2.77170 2.79783 2.82344 47.75 52.59 57.60 63.09 68.98 48.08 44.84 41.85 39.12 36.61 1400 1420 1440 1460 1480 1515.42 1539.44 1563.51 1587.63 1611.79 1113.52 1131.77 1150.13 1168.49 1186.95 3.36200 3.37901 3.39586 3.41247 3.42892 450.5 478.0 506.9 537.1 568.8 8.919 8.526 8.153 7.801 7.468 900 920 940 960 980 932.93 955.38 977.92 1000.55 1023.25 674.58 691.28 708.08 725.02 741.98 2.84856 2.87324 2.89748 2.92128 2.94468 75.29 82.05 89.28 97.00 105.2 34.31 32.18 30.22 28.40 26.73 1500 1520 1540 1560 1580 1635.97 1660.23 1684.51 1708.82 1733.17 1205.41 1223.87 1242.43 1260.99 1279.65 3.44516 3.46120 3.47712 3.49276 3.50829 601.9 636.5 672.8 710.5 750.0 7.152 6.854 6.569 6.301 6.046 1000 1020 1040 1060 1080 1046.04 1068.89 1091.85 1114.86 1137.89 758.94 776.10 793.36 810.62 827.88 2.96770 2.99034 3.01260 3.03449 3.05608 114.0 123.4 133.3 143.9 155.2 25.17 23.72 22.39 21.14 19.98 1600 1620 1640 1660 1680 1757.57 1782.00 1806.46 1830.96 1855.50 1298.30 1316.96 1335.72 1354.48 1373.24 3.52364 3.53879 3.55381 3.56867 3.58335 791.2 834.1 878.9 925.6 974.2 5.804 5.574 5.355 5.147 4.949 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 1161.07 1184.28 1207.57 1230.92 1254.34 845.33 862.79 880.35 897.91 915.57 3.07732 3.09825 3.11883 3.13916 3.15916 167.1 179.7 193.1 207.2 222.2 18.896 17.886 16.946 16.064 15.241 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 1880.1 1941.6 2003.3 2065.3 2127.4 1392.7 1439.8 1487.2 1534.9 1582.6 3.5979 3.6336 3.6684 3.7023 3.7354 1025 1161 1310 1475 1655 4.761 4.328 3.944 3.601 3.295 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 1277.79 1301.31 1324.93 1348.55 1372.24 933.33 951.09 968.95 986.90 1004.76 3.17888 3.19834 3.21751 3.23638 3.25510 238.0 254.7 272.3 290.8 310.4 14.470 13.747 13.069 12.435 11.835 1950 2000 2050 2100 2150 2189.7 2252.1 2314.6 2377.4 2440.3 1630.6 1678.7 1726.8 1775.3 1823.8 3.7677 3.7994 3.8303 3.8605 3.8901 1852 2068 2303 2559 2837 3.022 2.776 2.555 2.356 2.175 2200 2250 2503.2 2566.4 1872.4 1921.3 3.9191 3.9474 3138 3464 2.012 1.864 Source: Tables A-22 are based on J. H. Keenan and J. Kaye, Gas Tables, Wiley, New York, 1945. Table A-22 Tables in SI Units 758 h 0 6,601 6,938 7,280 7,627 7,979 8,335 8,697 9,063 9,364 9,431 9,807 10,186 10,570 10,959 11,351 11,748 12,148 12,552 12,960 13,372 13,787 14,206 14,628 15,054 15,483 15,916 16,351 16,791 17,232 17,678 18,126 18,576 19,029 19,485 19,945 20,407 20,870 21,337 21,807 T 0 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 298 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 430 440 450 460 470 480 490 500 510 520 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 0 4,772 5,026 5,285 5,548 5,817 6,091 6,369 6,651 6,885 6,939 7,230 7,526 7,826 8,131 8,439 8,752 9,068 9,392 9,718 10,046 10,378 10,714 11,053 11,393 11,742 12,091 12,444 12,800 13,158 13,521 13,885 14,253 14,622 14,996 15,372 15,751 16,131 16,515 16,902 u 0 202.966 204.464 205.920 207.337 208.717 210.062 211.376 212.660 213.685 213.915 215.146 216.351 217.534 218.694 219.831 220.948 222.044 223.122 224.182 225.225 226.250 227.258 228.252 229.230 230.194 231.144 232.080 233.004 233.916 234.814 235.700 236.575 237.439 238.292 239.135 239.962 240.789 241.602 242.405 s° 0 6,391 6,683 6,975 7,266 7,558 7,849 8,140 8,432 8,669 8,723 9,014 9,306 9,597 9,889 10,181 10,473 10,765 11,058 11,351 11,644 11,938 12,232 12,526 12,821 13,116 13,412 13,708 14,005 14,302 14,600 14,898 15,197 15,497 15,797 16,097 16,399 16,701 17,003 17,307 h 0 4,562 4,771 4,979 5,188 5,396 5,604 5,812 6,020 6,190 6,229 6,437 6,645 6,854 7,062 7,271 7,480 7,689 7,899 8,108 8,319 8,529 8,740 8,951 9,163 9,375 9,587 9,800 10,014 10,228 10,443 10,658 10,874 11,090 11,307 11,524 11,743 11,961 12,181 12,401 u 0 188.683 189.980 191.221 192.411 193.554 194.654 195.173 196.735 197.543 197.723 198.678 199.603 200.500 201.371 202.217 203.040 203.842 204.622 205.383 206.125 206.850 207.549 208.252 208.929 209.593 210.243 210.880 211.504 212.117 212.719 213.310 213.890 214.460 215.020 215.572 216.115 216.649 217.175 217.693 s° 0 5,466 5,715 5,965 6,215 6,466 6,716 6,968 7,219 7,425 7,472 7,725 7,978 8,232 8,487 8,742 8,998 9,255 9,513 9,771 10,030 10,290 10,551 10,813 11,075 11,339 11,603 11,869 12,135 12,403 12,671 12,940 13,211 13,482 13,755 14,028 14,303 14,579 14,856 15,134 u 0 178.576 180.054 181.471 182.831 184.139 185.399 186.616 187.791 188.720 188.928 190.030 191.098 192.136 193.144 194.125 195.081 196.012 196.920 197.807 198.673 199.521 200.350 201.160 201.955 202.734 203.497 204.247 204.982 205.705 206.413 207.112 207.799 208.475 209.139 209.795 210.440 211.075 211.702 212.320 s° Water Vapor, H2O 241,820 kJ/kmol) 0 7,295 7,628 7,961 8,294 8,627 8,961 9,296 9,631 9,904 9,966 10,302 10,639 10,976 11,314 11,652 11,992 12,331 12,672 13,014 13,356 13,699 14,043 14,388 14,734 15,080 15,428 15,777 16,126 16,477 16,828 17,181 17,534 17,889 18,245 18,601 18,959 19,318 19.678 20,039 h (h° f T(K), h and u(kJ/kmol), s°(kJ/kmol # K) Carbon Monoxide, CO 110,530 kJ/kmol) (h° f Ideal Gas Properties of Selected Gases Carbon Dioxide, CO2 (h° 393,520 kJ/kmol) f TABLE A-23 0 6,404 6,694 6,984 7,275 7,566 7,858 8,150 8,443 8,682 8,736 9,030 9,325 9,620 9,916 10,213 10,511 10,809 11,109 11,409 11,711 12,012 12,314 12,618 12,923 13,228 13,535 13,842 14,151 14,460 14,770 15,082 15,395 15,708 16,022 16,338 16,654 16,971 17,290 17,609 h 0 4,575 4,782 4,989 5,197 5,405 5,613 5,822 6,032 6,203 6,242 6,453 6,664 6,877 7,090 7,303 7,518 7,733 7,949 8,166 8,384 8,603 8,822 9,043 9,264 9,487 9,710 9,935 10,160 10,386 10,614 10,842 11,071 11,301 11,533 11,765 11,998 12,232 12,467 12,703 u s° 0 196.171 197.461 198.696 199.885 201.027 202.128 203.191 204.218 205.033 205.213 206.177 207.112 208.020 208.904 209.765 210.604 211.423 212.222 213.002 213.765 214.510 215.241 215.955 216.656 217.342 218.016 218.676 219.326 219.963 220.589 221.206 221.812 222.409 222.997 223.576 224.146 224.708 225.262 225.808 Oxygen, O2 (h° 0 kJ/kmol) f 0 6,391 6,683 6,975 7,266 7,558 7,849 8,141 8,432 8,669 8,723 9,014 9,306 9,597 9,888 10,180 10,471 10,763 11,055 11,347 11,640 11,932 12,225 12,518 12,811 13,105 13,399 13,693 13,988 14,285 14,581 14,876 15,172 15,469 15,766 16,064 16,363 16,662 16,962 17,262 h 0 4,562 4,770 4,979 5,188 5,396 5,604 5,813 6,021 6,190 6,229 6,437 6,645 6,853 7,061 7,270 7,478 7,687 7,895 8,104 8,314 8,523 8,733 8,943 9,153 9,363 9,574 9,786 9,997 10,210 10,423 10,635 10,848 11,062 11,277 11,492 11,707 11,923 12,139 12,356 u s° 0 182.638 183.938 185.180 186.370 187.514 188.614 189.673 190.695 191.502 191.682 192.638 193.562 194.459 195.328 196.173 196.995 197.794 198.572 199.331 200.071 200,794 201.499 202.189 202.863 203.523 204.170 204.803 205.424 206.033 206.630 207.216 207.792 208.358 208.914 209.461 209.999 210.528 211.049 211.562 Nitrogen, N2 (h° 0 kJ/kmol) f Table A-23 0 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 298 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 430 440 450 460 470 480 490 500 510 520 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 T 759 (Continued ) h 22,280 22,754 23,231 23,709 24,190 24,674 25,160 25,648 26,138 26,631 27,125 27,622 28,121 28,622 29,124 29,629 30,135 30,644 31,154 31,665 32,179 32,694 33,212 33,730 34,251 34,773 35,296 35,821 36,347 36,876 37,405 37,935 38,467 39,000 39,535 40,070 40,607 41,145 41,685 42,226 T 600 610 620 630 640 650 660 670 680 690 700 710 720 730 740 750 760 770 780 790 800 810 820 830 840 850 860 870 880 890 900 910 920 930 940 950 960 970 980 990 17,291 17,683 18,076 18,471 18,869 19,270 19,672 20,078 20,484 20,894 21,305 21,719 22,134 22,552 22,972 23,393 23,817 24,242 24,669 25,097 25,527 25,959 26,394 26,829 27,267 27,706 28,125 28,588 29,031 29,476 29,922 30,369 30,818 31,268 31,719 32,171 32,625 33,081 33,537 33,995 u 243.199 243.983 244.758 245.524 246.282 247.032 247,773 248.507 249.233 249.952 250.663 251.368 252.065 252.755 253.439 254.117 254.787 255,452 256.110 256.762 257.408 258.048 258.682 259.311 259.934 260.551 261.164 261.770 262.371 262.968 263.559 264.146 264.728 265.304 265.877 266.444 267.007 267.566 268.119 268.670 s° Carbon Dioxide, CO2 (h° 393,520 kJ/kmol) f TABLE A-23 17,611 17,915 18,221 18,527 18,833 19,141 19,449 19,758 20,068 20,378 20,690 21,002 21,315 21,628 21,943 22,258 22,573 22,890 23,208 23,526 23,844 24,164 24,483 24,803 25,124 25,446 25,768 26.091 26,415 26,740 27,066 27,392 27,719 28,046 28,375 28,703 29,033 29,362 29,693 30,024 h 12,622 12,843 13,066 13,289 13,512 13,736 13,962 14,187 14,414 14,641 14,870 15,099 15,328 15,558 15,789 16,022 16,255 16,488 16,723 16,957 17,193 17,429 17,665 17,902 18,140 18,379 18,617 18,858 19,099 19,341 19,583 19,826 20,070 20,314 20,559 20,805 21,051 21,298 21,545 21,793 u 218.204 218.708 219.205 219.695 220.179 220.656 221.127 221.592 222.052 222.505 222.953 223.396 223.833 224.265 224.692 225.115 225.533 225.947 226.357 226.762 227.162 227.559 227.952 228.339 228.724 229,106 229,482 229.856 230.227 230.593 230.957 231.317 231.674 232.028 232.379 232.727 233.072 233.413 233.752 234.088 s° Carbon Monoxide, CO 110,530 kJ/kmol) (h° f 15,413 15,693 15,975 16,257 16,541 16,826 17,112 17,399 17,688 17,978 18,268 18,561 18,854 19,148 19,444 19,741 20,039 20,339 20,639 20,941 21,245 21,549 21,855 22,162 22,470 22,779 23,090 23,402 23,715 24,029 24,345 24,662 24,980 25,300 25,621 25,943 26,265 26,588 26,913 27,240 u 212.920 213.529 214.122 214.707 215.285 215.856 216.419 216.976 217.527 218.071 218.610 219.142 219.668 220.189 220.707 221.215 221.720 222.221 222.717 223.207 223.693 224.174 224.651 225.123 225.592 226.057 226.517 226.973 227.426 227.875 228.321 228.763 229.202 229.637 230.070 230.499 230.924 231.347 231.767 232.184 s° Water Vapor, H2O 241,820 kJ/kmol) 20,402 20,765 21,130 21,495 21,862 22,230 22,600 22,970 23,342 23,714 24,088 24,464 24,840 25,218 25,597 25,977 26,358 26,741 27,125 27,510 27,896 28,284 28,672 29,062 29,454 29,846 30,240 30,635 31,032 31,429 31,828 32,228 32,629 33,032 33,436 33,841 34,247 34,653 35,061 35,472 h (h° f T(K), h and u(kJ/kmol), s°(kJ/kmol # K) 17,929 18,250 18,572 18,895 19,219 19,544 19,870 20,197 20,524 20,854 21,184 21,514 21,845 22,177 22,510 22,844 23,178 23,513 23,850 24,186 24,523 24,861 25,199 25,537 25,877 26,218 26,559 26,899 27,242 27,584 27,928 28,272 28,616 28,960 29,306 29,652 29,999 30,345 30,692 31.041 h 12,940 13,178 13,417 13,657 13,898 14,140 14,383 14,626 14,871 15,116 15,364 15,611 15,859 16,107 16,357 16,607 16,859 17,111 17,364 17,618 17,872 18,126 18,382 18,637 18,893 19,150 19,408 19,666 19,925 20,185 20,445 20,706 20,967 21,228 21,491 21,754 22,017 22,280 22,544 22,809 u s° 226.346 226.877 227.400 227.918 228.429 228.932 229.430 229.920 230.405 230.885 231.358 231.827 232.291 232.748 233.201 233.649 234.091 234.528 234.960 235.387 235.810 236.230 236.644 237.055 237.462 237.864 238.264 238.660 239.051 239.439 239.823 240.203 240.580 240.953 241.323 241.689 242.052 242.411 242.768 243.120 Oxygen, O2 (h° 0 kJ/kmol) f 12,574 12,792 13,011 13,230 13,450 13,671 13,892 14,114 14,337 14,560 14,784 15,008 15,234 15,460 15,686 15,913 16,141 16,370 16,599 16,830 17,061 17,292 17,524 17,757 17,990 18,224 18,459 18,695 18,931 19,168 19,407 19,644 19,883 20,122 20,362 20,603 20,844 21,086 21,328 21,571 u Table A-23 17,563 17,864 18,166 18,468 18,772 19,075 19,380 19,685 19,991 20,297 20,604 20,912 21,220 21,529 21,839 22,149 22,460 22,772 23,085 23,398 23,714 24,027 24,342 24,658 24,974 25,292 25,610 25,928 26,248 26,568 26,890 27,210 27,532 27,854 28,178 28,501 28,826 29,151 29,476 29,803 h s° 212.066 212.564 213.055 213.541 214.018 214.489 214.954 215.413 215.866 216.314 216.756 217.192 217.624 218.059 218.472 218.889 219.301 219.709 220.113 220.512 220.907 221.298 221.684 222.067 222.447 222.822 223.194 223.562 223.927 224.288 224.647 225.002 225.353 225.701 226.047 226.389 226.728 227.064 227.398 227.728 Nitrogen, N2 (h° 0 kJ/kmol) f 600 610 620 630 640 650 660 670 680 690 700 710 720 730 740 750 760 770 780 790 800 810 820 830 840 850 860 870 880 890 900 910 920 930 940 950 960 970 980 990 T 760 (Continued ) h 42,769 43,859 44,953 46,051 47,153 48,258 49,369 50,484 51,602 52,724 53,848 54,977 56,108 57,244 58,381 59,522 60,666 61,813 62,963 64,116 65,271 66,427 67,586 68,748 69,911 71,078 72,246 73,417 74,590 76,767 76,944 78,123 79,303 80,486 81,670 82,856 84,043 85,231 T 1000 1020 1040 1060 1080 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 1300 1320 1340 1360 1380 1400 1420 1440 1460 1480 1500 1520 1540 1560 1580 1600 1620 1640 1660 1680 1700 1720 1740 68,721 69,742 70,764 63,741 64,653 65,668 66,592 67,702 58,606 59,609 60,613 61,620 62,630 53,631 54,621 55,614 56,609 57,606 48,713 49,691 50,672 51,656 52,643 43,871 44,834 45,799 46,768 47,739 39,112 40,057 41,006 41,957 42,913 34,455 35,378 36,306 37,238 38,174 u 299.482 300.177 300.863 295.901 296.632 297.356 298.072 298.781 292.114 292.888 292.654 294.411 295.161 288.106 288.934 289.743 290.542 291.333 283.847 284.722 285.586 286.439 287.283 279.307 280.238 281.158 282.066 282.962 274.445 275.444 276.430 277.403 278.362 269.215 270.293 271.354 272.400 273.430 s° Carbon Dioxide, CO2 (h° 393,520 kJ/kmol) f TABLE A-23 54,609 55,323 56,039 51,053 51,763 52,472 53,184 53,895 47,517 48,222 48,928 49,635 50,344 44,007 44,707 45,408 46,110 46,813 40,534 41,266 41,919 42,613 43,309 37,095 37,780 38,466 39,154 39,884 33,702 34,377 35,054 35,733 36,406 30,355 31,020 31,688 32,357 33,029 h 40,474 41,023 41,572 37,750 38,293 38,837 39,382 39,927 35,046 35,584 36,124 36,665 37,207 32,367 32,900 33,434 33,971 34,508 29,725 30,251 30,778 31,306 31,836 27,118 27,637 28,426 28,678 29,201 24,557 25,065 25,575 26,088 26,602 22,041 22,540 23,041 23,544 24,049 u 252.751 253.169 253.582 250.592 251.033 251.470 251.901 252.329 248.312 248.778 249.240 249.695 250.147 245.889 246.385 246.876 247.360 247.839 243.316 243.844 244.366 244.880 245.388 240.663 241.128 241.686 242.236 242.780 237.609 238.217 238.817 239.407 239.989 234.421 235.079 235.728 236.364 236.992 s° Carbon Monoxide, CO 110,530 kJ/kmol) (h° f 67,589 68,567 69,550 62,748 63,709 64,675 65,643 66,614 57,999 58,942 59,888 60,838 61,792 53,351 54,273 55,198 56,128 57,062 48,807 49,707 50,612 51,521 52,434 44,380 45,256 46,137 47,022 47,912 40,071 40,923 41,780 42,642 43,509 53,455 54,267 55,083 49,445 52,240 51,039 51,841 52,646 45,528 46,304 47,084 47,868 48,655 41,711 42,466 43,226 43,989 44,756 38,000 38,732 39,470 40,213 40,960 34,403 35,112 35,827 36,546 37,270 30,925 31,611 32,301 32,997 33,698 27,568 28,228 28,895 29,567 30,243 u 256.450 257.022 257.589 253.513 254.111 254.703 255.290 255.873 250.450 251.074 251.693 252.305 252.912 247.241 247.895 248.543 249.185 249.820 243.877 244.564 245.243 245.915 246.582 240.333 241.057 241.773 242.482 243.183 236.584 237.352 238.110 238.859 239.600 232.597 233.415 234.223 235.020 235.806 s° Water Vapor, H2O 241,820 kJ/kmol) 35,882 36,709 37,542 38,380 39,223 h (h° f T(K), h and u(kJ/kmol), s°(kJ/kmol # K) 56,652 57,394 58,136 52,961 53,696 54,434 55,172 55,912 49,292 50,024 50,756 51,490 52,224 45,648 46,374 47,102 47,831 48,561 42,033 42,753 43,475 44,198 44,923 38,447 39,162 39,877 40,594 41,312 34,899 35,606 36,314 37,023 37,734 31,389 32,088 32,789 33,490 34,194 h 42,517 43,093 43,669 39,658 40,227 40,799 41,370 41,944 36,821 37,387 37,952 38,520 39,088 34,008 34,567 35,129 35,692 36,256 31,224 31,778 32,334 32,891 33,449 28,469 29,018 29,568 30,118 30,670 25,753 26,294 26,836 27,379 27,923 23,075 23,607 24,142 24,677 25,214 u s° 262.571 263.005 263.435 260.333 260.791 261.242 261.690 262.132 257.965 258.450 258.928 259.402 259.870 255.454 255.968 256.475 256.978 257.474 252.776 253.325 253.868 254.404 254.932 249.906 250.497 251.079 251.653 252.219 246.818 247.454 248.081 248.698 249.307 243.471 244.164 244.844 245.513 246.171 Oxygen, O2 (h° 0 kJ/kmol) f 54,099 54,807 55,516 50,571 51,275 51,980 52,686 53,393 47,073 47,771 48,470 49,168 49,869 43,605 44,295 44,988 45,682 46,377 40,170 40,853 41,539 42,227 42,915 36,777 37,452 38,129 38,807 39,488 33,426 34,092 34,760 35,430 36,104 30,129 30,784 31,442 32,101 32,762 h 39,965 40,507 41,049 37,268 37,806 38,344 38,884 39,424 34,601 35,133 35,665 36,197 36,732 31,964 32,489 33,014 33,543 34,071 29,361 29,878 30,398 30,919 31,441 26,799 27,308 27,819 28,331 28,845 24,280 24,780 25,282 25,786 26,291 21,815 22,304 22,795 23,288 23,782 u s° 246.166 246.580 246.990 244.028 244.464 244.896 245.324 245.747 241.768 242.228 242.685 243.137 243.585 239.375 239.865 240.350 240.827 241.301 236.831 237.353 237.867 238.376 238.878 234.115 234.673 235.223 235.766 236.302 231.199 231.799 232.391 232.973 233.549 228.057 228.706 229.344 229.973 230.591 Nitrogen, N2 (h° 0 kJ/kmol) f Table A-23 1700 1720 1740 1600 1620 1640 1660 1680 1500 1520 1540 1560 1580 1400 1420 1440 1460 1480 1300 1320 1340 1360 1380 1200 1220 1240 1260 1280 1100 1120 1140 1160 1180 1000 1020 1040 1060 1080 T 761 (Continued ) u 71,787 72,812 73,840 74,868 75,897 76,929 77,962 78,996 80,031 81,067 82,105 83,144 84,185 86,791 89,404 92,023 94,648 97,277 99,912 102,552 105,197 107,849 110,504 113,166 115,832 118,500 121,172 123,849 126,528 129,212 131,898 134,589 137,283 139,982 142,681 145,385 148,089 150,801 s° 301.543 302.271 302.884 303.544 304.198 304.845 305.487 306.122 306.751 307.374 307.992 308.604 309.210 310.701 312.160 313.589 314.988 316.356 317.695 319.011 320.302 321.566 322.808 324.026 325.222 326.396 327.549 328.684 329.800 330.896 331.975 333.037 334.084 335.114 336.126 337.124 338.109 339.069 56,756 57,473 58,191 58,910 59,629 60,351 61,072 61,794 62,516 63,238 63,961 64,684 65,408 67,224 69,044 70,864 72,688 74,516 76,345 78,178 80,015 81,852 83,692 85,537 87,383 89,230 91,077 92,930 94,784 96,639 98,495 100,352 102,210 104,073 105,939 107,802 109,667 111,534 h 42,123 42,673 43,225 43,778 44,331 44,886 45,441 45,997 46,552 47,108 47,665 48,221 48,780 50,179 51,584 52,988 54,396 55,809 57,222 58,640 60,060 61,482 62,906 64,335 65,766 67,197 68,628 70,066 71,504 72,945 74,383 75,825 77,267 78,715 80,164 81,612 83,061 84,513 u 253.991 254.398 254.797 255.194 255.587 255.976 256.361 256.743 257.122 257.497 257.868 258.236 258.600 259.494 260.370 261.226 262.065 262.887 263.692 264.480 265.253 266.012 266.755 267.485 268.202 268.905 269.596 270.285 270.943 271.602 272.249 272.884 273.508 274.123 274.730 275.326 275.914 276.494 s° Carbon Monoxide, CO 110,530 kJ/kmol) (h° f 55,902 56,723 57,547 58,375 59,207 60,042 60,880 61,720 62,564 63,411 64,259 65,111 65,965 68,111 70,275 72,454 74,649 76,855 79,076 81,308 83,553 85,811 88,082 90,364 92,656 94,958 97,269 99,588 101,917 104,256 106,605 108,959 111,321 113,692 116,072 118,458 120,851 123,250 u 258.151 258.708 259.262 259.811 260.357 260.898 261.436 261.969 262.497 263.022 263.542 264.059 264.571 265.838 267.081 268.301 269.500 270.679 271.839 272.978 274.098 275.201 276.286 277.354 278.407 279,441 280.462 281.464 282.453 283.429 284.390 285.338 286.273 287.194 288.102 288.999 289.884 290.756 s° Water Vapor, H2O 241,820 kJ/kmol) 70,535 71,523 72,513 73,507 74,506 75,506 76,511 77,517 78,527 79,540 80,555 81,573 82,593 85,156 87,735 90,330 92,940 95,562 98,199 100,846 103,508 106,183 108,868 111,565 114,273 116,991 119,717 122,453 125,198 127,952 130,717 133,486 136,264 139,051 141,846 144,648 147,457 150,272 h (h° f h 44,247 44,825 45,405 45,986 46,568 47,151 47,734 48,319 48,904 49,490 50,078 50,665 51,253 52,727 54,208 55,697 57,192 58,690 60,193 61,704 63,219 64,742 66,271 67,802 69,339 70,883 72,433 73,987 75,546 77,112 78,682 80,258 81,837 83,419 85,009 86,601 88,203 89,804 u s° 263.861 264.283 264.701 265.113 265.521 265.925 266.326 266.722 267.115 267.505 267.891 268.275 268.655 269.588 270.504 271.399 272.278 273.136 273.981 274.809 275.625 276.424 277.207 277.979 278.738 279.485 280.219 280.942 281.654 282.357 283.048 283.728 284.399 285.060 285.713 286.355 286.989 287.614 Oxygen, O2 (h° 0 kJ/kmol) f 58,800 59,624 60,371 61,118 61,866 62,616 63,365 64,116 64,868 65,620 66,374 67,127 67,881 69,772 71,668 73,573 75,484 77,397 79,316 81,243 83,174 85,112 87,057 89,004 90,956 92,916 94,881 96,852 98,826 100,808 102,793 104,785 106,780 108,778 110,784 112,795 114,809 116,827 T(K), h and u(kJ/kmol), s°(kJ/kmol # K) Source: Tables A-23 are based on the JANAF Thermochemical Tables, NSRDS-NBS-37, 1971. h 86,420 87,612 88,806 90,000 91,196 92,394 93,593 94,793 95,995 97,197 98,401 99,606 100,804 103,835 106,864 109,898 112,939 115,984 119,035 122,091 125,152 128,219 131,290 134,368 137,449 140,533 143,620 146,713 149,808 152,908 156,009 159,117 162,226 165,341 168,456 171,576 174,695 177,822 T 1760 1780 1800 1820 1840 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2050 2100 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 2900 2950 3000 3050 3100 3150 3200 3250 Carbon Dioxide, CO2 (h° 393,520 kJ/kmol) f TABLE A-23 h u 41,594 42,139 42,685 43,231 43,777 44,324 44,873 45,423 45,973 46,524 47,075 47,627 48,181 49,567 50,957 52,351 53,749 55,149 56,553 57,958 59,366 60,779 62,195 63,613 65,033 66,455 67,880 69,306 70,734 72,163 73,593 75,028 76,464 77,902 79,341 80,782 82,224 83,668 Table A-23 56,227 56,938 57,651 58,363 59,075 59,790 60,504 61,220 61,936 62,654 63,381 64,090 64,810 66,612 68,417 70,226 72,040 73,856 75,676 77,496 79,320 81,149 82,981 84,814 86,650 88,488 90,328 92,171 94,014 95,859 97,705 99,556 101,407 103,260 105,115 106,972 108,830 110,690 s° 247.396 247.798 248.195 248.589 248.979 249.365 249.748 250.128 250.502 250.874 251.242 251.607 251.969 252.858 253.726 254.578 255.412 256.227 257.027 257.810 258.580 259.332 260.073 260.799 261.512 262.213 262.902 263.577 264.241 264.895 265.538 266.170 266.793 267.404 268.007 268.601 269.186 269.763 Nitrogen, N2 (h° 0 kJ/kmol) f T 1760 1780 1800 1820 1840 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2050 2100 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 2400 2450 2500 2550 2600 2650 2700 2750 2800 2850 2900 2950 3000 3050 3100 3150 3200 3250 762 Tables in SI Units Constants for the van der Waals, Redlich–Kwong, and Benedict–Webb–Rubin Equations of State TABLE A-24 1. van der Waals and Redlich–Kwong: Constants for pressure in bar, specific volume in m3/kmol, and temperature in K van der Waals a m3 2 bar a b kmol Sulfur dioxide (SO2) Water (H2O) 0.0367 0.1162 0.0428 15.989 289.55 64.43 0.02541 0.08060 0.02963 0.0395 0.0428 0.0386 17.22 32.11 15.53 0.02737 0.02965 0.02677 0.0317 0.0901 0.0971 17.22 182.23 208.59 0.02197 0.06242 0.06731 6.883 5.531 Oxygen (O2) Propane (C3H8) Refrigerant 12 b m3 kmol 1.369 9.349 10.49 Carbon monoxide (CO) Methane (CH4) Nitrogen (N2) a m3 2 1 2 bar a bK kmol 1.474 2.293 1.366 Air Butane (C4H10) Carbon dioxide (CO2) b m3 kmol 1.368 13.86 3.647 Substance Table A-24 Redlich–Kwong 0.0569 0.0305 144.80 142.59 0.03945 0.02111 Source: Calculated from critical data. 2. Benedict–Webb–Rubin: Constants for pressure in bar, specific volume in m3/kmol, and temperature in K Substance a A b B c C C4H10 CO2 CO 1.9073 0.1386 0.0371 10.218 2.7737 1.3590 0.039998 0.007210 0.002632 0.12436 0.04991 0.05454 3.206 1.512 1.054 105 104 103 1.006 1.404 8.676 106 105 103 1.101 8.47 1.350 10 10 10 3 CH4 N2 0.0501 0.0254 1.8796 1.0676 0.003380 0.002328 0.04260 0.04074 2.579 7.381 103 102 2.287 8.166 104 103 1.244 1.272 10 10 4 Source: H. W. Cooper and J. C. Goldfrank, Hydrocarbon Processing, 46 (12): 141 (1967). 5 4 4 0.0340 0.00539 0.0060 0.0060 0.0053 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-25 763 Thermochemical Properties of Selected Substances at 298K and 1 atm Heating Values Molar Mass, M (kg/kmol) Substance Formula Carbon Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen C(s) H2(g) N2(g) O2(g) 12.01 2.016 28.01 32.00 Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide Water Water CO(g) CO2(g) H2O(g) H2O(l) Hydrogen peroxide Ammonia Oxygen Hydrogen Enthalpy of Formation, h° f (kJ/kmol) Gibbs Function of Formation, g° (kJ/kmol) f Absolute Entropy, s° (kJ/kmol # K) Higher, HHV (kJ/kg) Lower, LHV (kJ/kg) 0 0 0 0 5.74 130.57 191.50 205.03 32,770 141,780 — — 32,770 119,950 — — 28.01 44.01 18.02 18.02 110,530 393,520 241,820 285,830 137,150 394,380 228,590 237,180 197.54 213.69 188.72 69.95 — — — — — — — — H2O2(g) NH3(g) O(g) H(g) 34.02 17.03 16.00 1.008 136,310 46,190 249,170 218,000 105,600 16,590 231,770 203,290 232.63 192.33 160.95 114.61 — — — — — — — — Nitrogen Hydroxyl Methane Acetylene N(g) OH(g) CH4(g) C2H2(g) 14.01 17.01 16.04 26.04 472,680 39,460 74,850 226,730 455,510 34,280 50,790 209,170 153.19 183.75 186.16 200.85 — — 55,510 49,910 — — 50,020 48,220 Ethylene Ethane Propylene Propane C2H2(g) C2H6(g) C3H6(g) C3H8(g) 28.05 30.07 42.08 44.09 52,280 84,680 20,410 103,850 68,120 32,890 62,720 23,490 219.83 229.49 266.94 269.91 50,300 51,870 48,920 50,350 47,160 47,480 45,780 46,360 Butane Pentane Octane Octane Benzene C4H10(g) C5H12(g) C8H18(g) C8H18(l) C6H6(g) 58.12 72.15 114.22 114.22 78.11 126,150 146,440 208,450 249,910 82,930 15,710 8,200 17,320 6,610 129,660 310.03 348.40 463.67 360.79 269.20 49,500 49,010 48,260 47,900 42,270 45,720 45,350 44,790 44,430 40,580 Methyl alcohol Methyl alcohol Ethyl alcohol Ethyl alcohol CH3OH(g) CH3OH(l) C2H5OH(g) C2H5OH(l) 32.04 32.04 46.07 46.07 200,890 238,810 235,310 277,690 162,140 166,290 168,570 174,890 239.70 126.80 282.59 160.70 23,850 22,670 30,590 29,670 21,110 19,920 27,720 26,800 Source: Based on JANAF Thermochemical Tables, NSRDS-NBS-37, 1971; Selected Values of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties, NBS Tech. Note 270-3, 1968; and API Research Project 44, Carnegie Press, 1953. Heating values calculated. Table A-25 0 0 0 0 764 Tables in SI Units Standard Molar Chemical Exergy, e ch (kJ/kmol), of Selected Substances at 298 K and p0 TABLE A-26 Formula Model Ia Model IIb Nitrogen Oxygen Carbon dioxide Water Water N2(g) O2(g) CO2(g) H2O(g) H2O(l) 640 3,950 14,175 8,635 45 720 3,970 19,870 9,500 900 Carbon (graphite) Hydrogen Sulfur Carbon monoxide Sulfur dioxide C(s) H2(g) S(s) CO(g) SO2(g) 404,590 235,250 598,160 269,410 301,940 410,260 236,100 609,600 275,100 313,400 NO(g) NO2(g) H2S(g) NH3(g) CH4(g) C2H6(g) 88,850 55,565 799,890 336,685 824,350 1,482,035 88,900 55,600 812,000 337,900 831,650 1,495,840 CH3OH(g) CH3OH(l) C2H5OH(g) C2H5OH(l) 715,070 710,745 1,348,330 1,342,085 722,300 718,000 1,363,900 1,357,700 Substance Table A-26 Nitrogen monoxide Nitrogen dioxide Hydrogen sulfide Ammonia Methane Ethane Methyl alcohol Methyl alcohol Ethyl alcohol Ethyl alcohol a J. Ahrendts, “Die Exergie Chemisch Reaktionsf ähiger Systeme,’’ VDIForschungsheft, VDI-Verlag, Dusseldorf, 579, 1977. Also see “Reference States,’’ Energy—The International Journal, 5: 667–677, 1980. In Model I, p0 1.019 atm. This model attempts to impose a criterion that the reference environment be in equilibrium. The reference substances are determined assuming restricted chemical equilibrium for nitric acid and nitrates and unrestricted thermodynamic equilibrium for all other chemical components of the atmosphere, the oceans, and a portion of the Earth’s crust. The chemical composition of the gas phase of this model approximates the composition of the natural atmosphere. b J. Szargut, D. R. Morris, and F. R. Steward, Exergy Analysis of Thermal, Chemical, and Metallurgical Processes, Hemisphere, New York, 1988. In Model II, p0 1.0 atm. In developing this model a reference substance is selected for each chemical element from among substances that contain the element being considered and that are abundantly present in the natural environment, even though the substances are not in completely mutual stable equilibrium. An underlying rationale for this approach is that substances found abundantly in nature have little economic value. On an overall basis, the chemical composition of the exergy reference environment of Model II is closer than Model I to the composition of the natural environment, but the equilibrium criterion is not always satisfied. Tables in SI Units TABLE A-27 765 Logarithms to the Base 10 of the Equilibrium Constant K log10 K 1 2 O2 1 2 N2 H2O w x 1 H2 2O2 H2O w x 1 OH 2H2 CO2 w x CO 1O2 2 CO2 CO H2 w x H 2O Temp. R H2 w 2H x O2 w 2O x N2 w 2N x 298 500 1000 1200 1400 71.224 40.316 17.292 13.414 10.630 81.208 45.880 19.614 15.208 12.054 159.600 92.672 43.056 34.754 28.812 15.171 8.783 4.062 3.275 2.712 40.048 22.886 10.062 7.899 6.347 46.054 26.130 11.280 8.811 7.021 45.066 25.025 10.221 7.764 6.014 5.018 2.139 0.159 0.135 0.333 537 900 1800 2160 2520 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 8.532 7.666 6.896 6.204 5.580 9.684 8.706 7.836 7.058 6.356 24.350 22.512 20.874 19.410 18.092 2.290 2.116 1.962 1.823 1.699 5.180 4.699 4.270 3.886 3.540 5.677 5.124 4.613 4.190 3.776 4.706 4.169 3.693 3.267 2.884 0.474 0.530 0.577 0.619 0.656 2880 3060 3240 3420 3600 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 5.016 4.502 4.032 3.600 3.202 5.720 5.142 4.614 4.130 3.684 16.898 15.810 14.818 13.908 13.070 1.586 1.484 1.391 1.305 1.227 3.227 2.942 2.682 2.443 2.224 3.434 3.091 2.809 2.520 2.270 2.539 2.226 1.940 1.679 1.440 0.688 0.716 0.742 0.764 0.784 3780 3960 4140 4320 4500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 2.836 2.494 2.178 1.882 1.606 3.272 2.892 2.536 2.206 1.898 12.298 11.580 10.914 10.294 9.716 1.154 1.087 1.025 0.967 0.913 2.021 1.833 1.658 1.495 1.343 2.038 1.823 1.624 1.438 1.265 1.219 1.015 0.825 0.649 0.485 0.802 0.818 0.833 0.846 0.858 4680 4860 5040 5220 5400 3100 3200 3300 3400 3500 1.348 1.106 0.878 0.664 0.462 1.610 1.340 1.086 0.846 0.620 9.174 8.664 8.186 7.736 7.312 0.863 0.815 0.771 0.729 0.690 1.201 1.067 0.942 0.824 0.712 1.103 0.951 0.809 0.674 0.547 0.332 0.189 0.054 0.071 0.190 0.869 0.878 0.888 0.895 0.902 5580 5760 5940 6120 6300 w NO x Source: Based on data from the JANAF Thermochemical Tables, NSRDS-NBS-37, 1971. Table A-27 Temp. K Index to Figures and Charts Figure A-1 Figure A-2 Figure A-3 Figure A-4 Figure A-5 Figure A-6 Figure A-7 Figure A-8 Figure A-9 Generalized compressibility chart, pR 1.0 Generalized compressibility chart, pR 10.0 Generalized compressibility chart, 10 pR 40 Generalized enthalpy correction chart Generalized entropy correction chart Generalized fugacity coefficient chart Temperature–entropy diagram for water (SI units) Enthalpy–entropy diagram for water (SI units) Psychrometric chart for 1 atm (SI units) Generalized compressibility chart, pR Thermodynamics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960. Figure A-1 814 814 815 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 1.0. Source: E. F. Obert, Concepts of Figures and Charts Generalized compressibility chart, pR Thermodynamics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960. Figure A-2 10.0. Source: E. F. Obert, Concepts of Figure A-3 Generalized compressibility chart, 10 Thermodynamics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960. pR 40. Source: E. F. Obert. Concepts of 815 816 Figures and Charts Figure A-4 Generalized enthalpy correction chart. Source: Adapted from G. J. Van Wylen and R. E. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, 3rd. ed., English/SI, Wiley, New York, 1986. Figures and Charts Generalized entropy correction chart. Source: Adapted from G. J. Van Wylen and R. E. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, 3rd. ed., English/SI, Wiley, New York, 1986. Figure A-5 817 818 Figures and Charts Generalized fugacity coefficient chart. Source: G. J. Van Wylen and R. E. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, 3rd. ed., English/SI, Wiley, New York, 1986. Figure A-6 Figures and Charts Figure A-7 Temperature–entropy diagram for water (SI units). Source: J. H. Keenan, F. G. Keyes, P. G. Hill, and J. G. Moore, Steam Tables, Wiley, New York, 1978. 819 820 Figures and Charts Figure A-8 Enthalpy–entropy diagram for water (SI units). Source: J. B. Jones and G. A. Hawkins, Engineering Thermodynamics, 2nd ed., Wiley, New York, 1986. Figures and Charts Figure A-9 Psychrometric chart for 1 atm (SI units). Source: Z. Zhang and M. B. Pate, “A Methodology for Implementing a Psychrometric Chart in a Computer Graphics System,” ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 94, Pt. 1, 1988. 821 ...
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