Animal Illnesses - Animal Illnesses Donnie BOris Period 4...

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Animal Illnesses Donnie B’Oris Period 4
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Feline Urological Syndrom Description The bladder is the hollow organ which collects the urine made by the kidneys. The urethra is the tube which empties the urine from the bladder to the outside world. FUS or FLUTD is a syndrome of many diseases of the lower urinary tract. The more common disease syndromes include infection, crystal formation, inflammation, and stone formation. Symptoms of FUS Any combination of these symptoms could mean your cat has FUS. It is rare to display ALL of them. Increase frequency of urination. Straining to urinate. Excessive licking at genitalia. Urination in in appropriate places. Hiding. Vomiting. Bloody or blood tinged urine. Urinating only small amount. Passing no urine. Causes of FUS There are several factors which contribute to FUS, some of which are understood, others are not. A cat can have any combination of these factors. One contributing factor is urine pH. An alkaline pH allows struvite crystals to form more quickly; whereas an acidic pH allows calcium oxalate crystals to form more quickly. Another contributing factor to FUS is bacterial infection. An additional contributing factor is the magnesium level in a cat's diet. When certain cats consume dietary magnesium, byproducts form in the urine which help to produce struvite crystals. Diagnosis The first step to diagnosis of FUS/FLUTD is a thorough history from the owner and a physical exam of the cat. Then a urinalysis must be performed for determination of infection, inflammation, pH, and crystal formation, among others. Occasionally, blood work and or abdominal x-ray (radiographs) are necessary for a better diagnosis. Blood work can help to determine if an infection is present and how well the kidneys are functioning. Radiographs help to determine if urinary stones or masses are present. Treatment and Prevention Resolve Bacterial Infection - Your veterinarian will dispense antibiotics as indicated. Doing the following can help to prevent recurrent infection. Maintain Acidic Urine (in most cases)- Acidic urine discourages bacterial growth and helps to prevent the crystals from forming. To keep urine acidic
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Animal Illnesses - Animal Illnesses Donnie BOris Period 4...

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