Contemporary Moral Issues Study guide For final

Contemporary Moral Issues Study guide For final - 1...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Contemporary Moral Issues Final Exam Fall 2011 For the final exam I will choose a subset of these questions. 1. What is the purpose of morality ? – Figure out the difference between whats right and wrong, and guides ones behavior. 2. Describe the “Benefits Argument ” – (Utilitariniasm) what’s best for the majority 3. Describe the “People as Means” argument . – (People as end) The right thing to do is whatever you do to treat one as an end in their self. 4. Describe the “Wrongness of Killing” argument . – Do not kill people 5. Describe the “Wrongness of Discrimination” argument . – (Principle of Equality) Peoples intrests should be considered equal. 6. Describe the “Slippery Slope” argument . – Do something as long as it does not cause bad things in the future. 7. If we apply the “People as Means” argument to Baby Theresa’s case would it be morally right to have a transplant? -No 8. Is the argument you gave in question 5 a sound argument according to Rachels? - Yes 9. What is a cultural relativist’s approach to ethical truths? – Different cultures have different truths/morals. 10. Is it true that Rachels agrees that there are no objective ethical truths? False 11. According to Rachels, different cultures have different moral codes (true/false) - True 1
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
12. What are the elements that every proof needs to justify a moral argument according to Rachels? – Culture Values 13. What is Ethical Subjectivism ? – Moral truths but matter of what subject wants to believe. 14. According to Stevenson, moral language doesn’t describe facts it describes - what ought to be and what is. 15. Leiser’s analysis of the argument on “how homosexual acts are wrong because they violate the natural law”, shows that… - it’s a way to apply the case (what was said in class) 16. Ethical Egoism claims that we have duties towards others (true/false) - FALSE 17. The main difference between Psychological Egoism and Ethical Egoism is… - Psychological is theory of mind and Ethical is theory of us. 18. From an Ethical Egoism perspective you can never act in a way that helps others (true/false) - False 19. Ethical Egoism (EE) is about doing whatever you desire (true/false) - TRUE 20. For an EE altruism is self-defeating. This means… -You should help others based upon the principle of equality.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern