final review - Glycerol Backbone: Glycerol glycerol

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Glycerol Backbone: Glycerol –glycerol kinase L-glycerol-3-(P)—glycerol dehyrdogenase Dihydroxyacetone (P)—isomerase D-glyceraldehyde-3-(P) --To get them into mitochondria: Fatty acyl coA synthetase uses atp to make OH better leaving group then S-CoA attacks Carnitine transporter replaces the S-coA Beta Oxidation -2 c are removed from the fatty acid at a time Palmitate (16c) generates 8 Acetyl-CoA AcylCoA—oxidation trans^2 enoyl CoA+FADH2—hydration 3 hydroxyacyl CoA --oxidation ketoacyl CoA+NADH—thiolysis— acyl coA + acetyl coA 7 cycles so 7 NADH and FADH2 PALMITOYL-CoA + 23 O 2 + 108 Pi + 108 ADP ----> CoA + 108 ATP + 16 CO 2 + 23 H 2 O Isomerase changes ^3 cis to ^2 trans so it can go through this cycle Reductase used to get rid of unwanted double bond—b/c product of above becomes conjugated Becomes one double bond in the middle of old two Linoleoyl-coA is polyunsaturated, so 3 rounds until you get to double bond then first one moves up turns trans, second moves up stays cis, reductase, then lastly it moves up again stays trans
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final review - Glycerol Backbone: Glycerol glycerol

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