Cell Respiratio4 - Oxidative phosphorylation A process...

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Cell Respiration Terms Isomerization - A reaction that does not change the atomic make-up of a molecule, but rather changes its geometric conformation, yielding a slightly different molecule. Lipid - An organic molecule that is insoluble in water. A main component of cell membranes . Metabolism - All the reactions occurring in an organism that participate in the acquisition or conversion of energy for use in the organism. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide - A coenzyme that participates in oxidation and reduction reactions. An important electron carrier in oxidative phosphorylation. Oxidation - A reaction that involves the overall loss of electrons from a specific molecule or atom. Can occur with the addition of an oxygen or by the removal of a hydrogen.
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Unformatted text preview: Oxidative phosphorylation - A process occurring in the mitochondria that results in the formation of ATP from the flow of electrons to oxygen. Photosynthesis - A process in which plants convert sunlight into energy sources that can be used inside the cell to sustain life. Phototroph - Organisms that obtain energy from sun light through photosynthesis. Protein - An essential molecule found in all cells. Composed of amino acid subunits. Reduction - A reaction that results in the overall gain of electrons to a specific molecule or atom. Can occur with the addition of a hydrogen atom or by the removal of an oxygen atom. Respiration - A process that occurs in cells in which cells breakdown food molecules to yield ATP. Can be either aerobic or anaerobic....
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