Cellular Reproductio3 - one diploid cell. Contains two...

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Cellular Reproduction Terms Cell cycle - A repeated process in which cells copy their contents and then divide into two. Occurs in cells as a means of reproduction. Diploid number - The total number of chromosomes present in a cell. Gametes - Cells with the haploid number of chromosomes. Gametes are created out of germ cells. The sperm and eggs involved in sexual reproduction are gametes. Germ cell - Cells that lead to the production of gametes. Produced by meiosis. Haploid number - The number of unique chromosomes or homologous pairs in a cell. Half the diploid number. Homologous pair - Refers to two similar chromosomes in a diploid cell. One chromosome is derived from the father gamete cell and the other from the mother gamete. Meiosis - A type of cellular reproduction that results in the formation of four haploid cells from
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Unformatted text preview: one diploid cell. Contains two cellular divisions that follow only one round of DNA replication. The type of reproduction that produces germ cells. See the SparkNote on meiosis Mitosis - A type of cellular reproduction that results in the formation of two identical diploid cells from one diploid cell. Contains one cellular division following a round of DNA replication. The type of reproduction that produces somatic cells. See the SparkNote on mitosis Sister chromatid - Refers to the copy of a chromosomes that results from DNA replication and is still closely linked to its original. Somatic cell - Any plant or animal cell that is not a germ cell. The class of cell formed during mitosis....
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2012 for the course BIOLOGY BSC1005 taught by Professor Rodriguez during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.

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