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Unformatted text preview: peptide chain shifts over to the A site, with the original amino acid on the A site as the lowest link in the chain. The tRNA in the A site becomes peptidyl RNA, and shifts over to the P site. Meanwhile, the ribosome engages in a process called translocation: spurred by elongation factors, the ribosome moves three nucleotides in the 3' prime direction along the mRNA. In other words, the ribosome moves so that a new mRNA codon is accessible in the A site. Figure %: Translocation With the A site open again, the next appropriate aminoacyl tRNA can bind there and the same reaction takes place, yielding a three-amino acid peptide chain. This process repeats, creating a polypeptide chain in the P site of the ribosome. A single ribosome can translate 60 nucleotides per second. This speed can be vastly augmented when ribosomes link up to form polyribosomes....
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