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Fungi1 - Fungi Reproduction Like all fungi Ascomycota can...

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Fungi Reproduction Like all fungi, Ascomycota can undergo both asexual and sexual reproduction. Asexual Reproduction Asexual reproduction among the different groups of fungi are very similar. Like Basidiomycota, Ascomycota reproduce asexually through budding or the formation of conidia . Sexual Reproduction Figure %: Sexual Reproduction in the Ascomycota Sexual reproduction in the Ascomycota differs from that in the Basidiomycota and Zygomycota because Ascomycota have male and female gametangia in their haploid stage. These structures, discussed in Heading , form on the mycelia. Plasmogamy, or the transfer of cytoplasm and nuclei, takes place when a part of the ascogonium, the trichogyne, fuses with the antheridium. This produces a binucleate, dikaryotic condition in the ascogonium. This phase is prolonged and a series of dikaryotic cells called an ascogonius hypha is produced. At the tip of this hypha, karyogamy or nuclear fussion takes place, resulting in the formation of a diploid ascus. Within this structure, the diploid nucleus undergoes meiosis, producing four haploid nuclei. These nuclei
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then undergo mitosis to form eight haploid ascospores. Notice that this is twice as many spores
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