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Monera5 - Plasmids Circular DNA molecules found in...

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Monera Terms Heterotrophic - Requiring organic materials from the environment due to an inability to produce them internally. As opposed to autotrophic. Nucleoids - The clear regions in which the genetic material of prokaryotes is located. Nucleoids are not membrane bound. Obligate anaerobes - Organisms that do not require oxygen for respiration and are poisoned in the presence of oxygen. Compare with facultative anaerobes. Parasites - A party in symbiosis that benefits at the expense of the other party. Peptidoglycan - The component of cell walls bound by gram's stain. Photoautotroph - An organism that gains energy by synthesizing organic compound using light energy.
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Unformatted text preview: Plasmids - Circular DNA molecules found in prokaryotes. Prokaryotes - Organisms whose cells lack internal organization into organelles and whose genetic material is not contained within a membrane-bound nucleus. Prokaryote flagella - The type of flagellum found in prokaryotes. These flagella are not covered by the cell membrane and move in a spiral motion. Pseudopeptidoglycan - A substance found in the cell walls of some archaebacteria that is similar to peptidoglycan. Ribosomes - Cellular machinery for protein synthesis. Tubulin - Protein that makes up the microtubules of eukaryotic flagella. Saprophytes - Heterotrophic organisms that live on dead organic material...
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