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Unformatted text preview: runs in the 3' to 5' direction. Because the two strands are oppositely oriented, they are said to be anti-parallel to each other. The two strands bond through their nitrogen bases (marked A, C, G, or T for adenine, cytosine, and guanine). Note that adenine only bonds with thymine, and cytosine only bonds with guanine. The nitrogen bases are held together by hydrogen bonds: adenine and thymine form two hydrogen bonds; cytosine and guanine form three hydrogen bonds. An important thing to remember about the structure of the DNA helix is that as a result of anti-parallel pairing, the nitrogen base groups face the inside of the helix while the sugar and phosphate groups face outward. The sugar and phosphate groups in the helix therefore make up the phosphate backbone of DNA. The backbone is highly negatively charged as a result of the phosphate groups....
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2012 for the course BIOLOGY BSC1005 taught by Professor Rodriguez during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.
- Winter '09