The Citric Acid Cycl4 - Amphibolic - A term used to...

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The Citric Acid Cycle Terms Acetyl Coenzyme A - A small molecule that carries acetyl functional groups in cells. Composed of an acetyl group attached to a coenzyme A molecule. The starting product of the citric acid cycle. Acontinase - The citric acid cycle enzyme responsible for catalyzing the reaction that converts citric acid to isocitrate with the release of water. Adenisine Triphosphate (ATP) - The molecule from which cells derive energy. Comprised of an adenisine molecule bonded to three phosphates, each phosphate bond contains energy, especially the third bond. By breaking that one bond and reducing ATP to adenisine di phosphate (ADP), the cell can get the energy to carry out its various processes. Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase - The citric acid cycle enzyme responsible for catalyzing the reaction that converts alpha-ketoglutarate to succinyl-CoA with the release of carbon dioxide and the production of NADH from NAD.
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Unformatted text preview: Amphibolic - A term used to describe a process that has both anabolic and catabolic properties. Anabolic - Term describing enzyme-catalyzed reactions in a cell that involves the synthesis of complex molecules out of simpler subunits and which uses energy. Catabolic - Term describing enzyme-catalyzed reactions in a cell that involve the degradation of molecules into more simple subunits with the release of energy. Citrate synthase - The citric acid cycle enzyme responsible for catalyzing the reaction that condenses acetyl-CoA with oxaloacetate to yield citric acid. Citric acid cycle - Also known as the Krebs Cycle; a metabolic pathway found in aerobic organisms that oxidizes acetyl coA groups to carbon dioxide and water, producing 1 ATP, and a number of coenzymes that play a vital role in the next step of respiration, oxidative phosphorylation. Coenzyme A - A molecule used to enzymatically transfer acetyl groups in a cell....
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