PGS 315 Exam 2 study guide

PGS 315 Exam 2 study guide - PGS 315 Exam 2 Study Guide...

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PGS 315 Exam 2 Study Guide TRAIT APPROACH Gordon Allport - Functional Autonomy. Indetified two general strategies : nomothetic approach and discovered common, central, and cardinal traits. Born in Montezuma, Indiana , with three older brothers Henry Murray – Personology: type of psychology that focuses on needs (needs are largely unconscious) ; discovered the TAT; had the opportunity to interact extensively with Carl Jung, his approach represents a blend of psychoanalytic. Raymond Cattell: discovered factor analysis, the 16 PF Questionnaires. Spent most of his childhood by the sea in the resort town of Torquay in the south of England. Walter Mishel: criticized personality psychology because he felt it wasn’t being studied responsibly. He said that other variables needed to be assed when correlating things, also need to addrefate behaviors. Criticism has weakened psych for some time but then came back being stronger than ever. Early typologies: Humorism (400BC) o Based on the four humors: sanguine (happy), melancholic (unhappy), choleric (temperamental), and phlegmatic (apathetic) Morphology: personality based on body types o Ectomorph – thin / fragile o Endomorph – overweight / obese o Mesomorpy – muscular or slender Phrenology: study the bumps on your skull o Franz Gall – determined that the shape of the skull affected or determined personality Modern trait dimensions: 1) measured on a continuum 2) Normally distributed (bell curve) Gordon Allport: Two General strategies: Nomothetic approaches : - using the most common trait to test all dimension and then analyze the differences among them Idiographic approaches : finding out the 5-10 most common trait (central trait) that describe a person then measure them Functional autonomy: Traits that are passed down through living with parents as a child is sometimes still keeping it even though move out later. But sometimes their reasoning’s vary from then those of the parents. ***All learned motives are derived originally from physiological motives but ultimately become independent of them, and hence autonomous. (Freedom to choose, independent) Hierarchy of traits: Common traits : Allport was able to find 4000 adjective to describe personality Central traits : 5-10 traits that a person would describe themselves with; individual for each person Cardinal traits : a single trait that dominates the personality. (Some people are more subject to this than others) Letters from Jenny ” --- 301 letters from Jenny Gove Masterson to Gordon and Ada Allport Henry Murray: Personology: Psychology that really focus on needs and press . (Facial features to analyze and predict character traits and behavior.) Needs are largely unconscious Press: Personality along will rarely predict behavior; it is often a function of the environment, which press you to act a certain way Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) - projective psychological test. picture interpretation technique (show pic and write story about it)
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2012 for the course PGS 315 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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PGS 315 Exam 2 study guide - PGS 315 Exam 2 Study Guide...

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