PGS 315 exam 3 study guide

PGS 315 exam 3 study guide - PGS 315 Exam 3 Study Guide...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PGS 315 Exam 3 Study Guide 09:00 HUMANISTIC APPROACH Focus of humanistic approach: free will, personal responsibility, the here and now, the positive side of human nature Rebellion against all others: focus on negative Psychodynamic: Focus on past Cognitive: Info processing model ***Carl Rogers : 1902 – 1987, was nominated for the NOBEL PEACE PRIZE, the person-center approach, fully functioning person, encounter group Self concept : the way we think of ourselves : incongruency (gap) between actual and ideal self would result in poor mental health Source of incongruency : Incongruency comes from a person’s belief that no one in the world unconditionally loves them. (Lack of unconditional positive regard) Person-centered therapy : a therapist’s job is not to change the client but to provide an atmosphere within which clients are able to help themselves. (clients know themselves better and they are the one who responsible for changing their behavior) Unconditional positive regard – basically unconditional love, (Acceptance and respect of people regardless of their behavior) Goal of this therapy is to give someone unconditional positive regard Reflection – restate the client’s statements (help clients listen to what they are saying) Help clients explore their thoughts and feelings by directing their attention to what they are saying through rephrase what they said. Encounter groups : a small number of individuals who participate in a group aim to develop self-awareness, and improve the ability of each member to respond and interact with the other members. Goal is to encourage personal growth, and become fully functional people The fully functioning person : a person who is taking the right path in life, a path which is accelerated by favorable psychological conditions, such as open to experience, live in the moment, trust their own feeling.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Q Sort : An assessment procedure in which test takers distribute personal descriptions along a continuum. (Measures effectiveness of therapy) Clients sort descriptive cards that describe their characteristic or personal trail twice (one for “real” self, and one for “ideal” self) at the beginning of the therapy Do the same thing again at the end of therapy and perform a correlation to see if improvement occurred. Subception ( 潜潜 ) The perception of information at a less-than-conscious level: if info contradicts our self-concept, we’ll rely on defenses to keep the info from entering consciousness and thereby keep anxiety at bay ***Abraham Maslow : focus on the positive qualities in people, striving for self-actualization, believed that personality development is progression toward the state of self-actualization Self-actualized personality A states of personal growth in which people fulfill their true potentials. Two types of Motives:
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/28/2012 for the course PGS 315 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

Page1 / 8

PGS 315 exam 3 study guide - PGS 315 Exam 3 Study Guide...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online