PGS 315 Exam 4 study guide

PGS 315 Exam 4 study guide - PGS 315 Exam 4 Study Guide...

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PGS 315 Exam 4 Study Guide COGNITIVE APPROACH Focus of cognitive approach – thought process Information processing model - Computers carry out their tasks according to a specially written program, or algorithms… metaphor implies that there is similarity between these algorithms and the way people think Endel Tulving Function of human memory System, Episodic and Semantic Memory, mental time travel Bem Anderson - For transference to occur, all that is necessary is to encounter a person that reminds you of a significant person in your life – a family member, friend, or lover. Transference in this view is simply the misapplication of the traits of your significant other to this new person (AKA – déjà vu) Daniel Wagner - known for his work on mental control (e.g., thought suppression) and conscious will, and for originating the study of trans active memory and action identification. Hypersensitivity to unwanted thoughts – If we try not to think about something that’s all we think about *****George Kelly personal constructs theory , fundamental postulate, psychological problems, and primary goal of cognitive therapy Personal constructs beliefs about world in general. Predictions of the future, if they are accurate they are good, but if they are negative they are revised. EX: If I cry, mom will come = positive, but if I scream, mom will get mad = negative, and therefore revised Personal constructs & attraction link People are usually attracted to people with similar constructs Fundamental postulate Kelly’s main theory. People see the world through their personal constructs. Which means, people with same experiences can have different constructs because the experiences was felt differently; It also works vice-versa. Psychological problems according to Kelly Arise when people’s constructs are too inflexible Primary goal of Kelly’s therapy To revise and get ride of faulty personal constructs, change / develop constructs that are more conducive to real life. ****Albert Ellis - Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy. ABC ”, A+B=C, this caused psychological problems which lead to the creation of “flooding.” He also wrote rational humorous songs ABC A ctivating experience + Irrigational B elief = C onsequential Emotion A = all the many things we point to as the source of our unhappiness B = the actual sources of our unhappiness C = negative emotions such as depression panic, and rage, that come from our beliefs. Psychological problems according to Ellis irrational belief is cause of psychological problem Primary goal of Ellis’ therapy Get ride of irrational beliefs and replace them with rational one Ellis’ contribution to the musical scene for $ 15 from institute for Rational Emotive therapy Ellis style in therapy – His conformational style led to Flooding Flooding - works by exposing the patient to their painful memories; works only if patient is self inflicting
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2012 for the course PGS 315 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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PGS 315 Exam 4 study guide - PGS 315 Exam 4 Study Guide...

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