PGS 315, Lec 7 (Behavioral Approach)

PGS 315, Lec 7 (Behavioral Approach) - The Behavioral...

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Unformatted text preview: The Behavioral Approach The Behavioral Approach Focus: observable behavior How do we learn our personalities (behaviors)? We learn our personalities (behaviors!) by: Classical conditioning: Operant conditioning: Observational learning: Behaviorists have shown that much of your personality is learned through classical or operant conditioning and observational learning. However, behaviorists believe that we must focus on behavior (the outcome of personality) rather than personality itself J. B. Watson Though all behavior was learned through association We know now that this is not the case; it is one of many ways that behavior is learned Taught Little Albert to be fearful/anxious When a rat would approach him, the lab workers would play a loud, scary sound Resulted in the little boy associating fear with the rat Ivan Pavlov Originally went to school to be a priest, dropped out to study sciences Nobel Prize for research in digestion Lived in the time of the Bolshevik revolution Pavlov & Classical Conditioning Pavlovs dogs learned to associate a bell with food Classical conditioning: Learning by association Classical Conditioning Terminology Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS): Naturally evokes UCR Unconditioned Response (UCR): Natural response to UCS Conditioned Stimulus (CS): Learned, association to UCS Conditioned Response (CR): Learned response to CS Stimulus Generalization: - CR spreads to similar stimuli A bell( CR) and a similar tone of horn Stimulus Discrimination: - CR is restricted to specific stimuli; subject can differentiate between similar stimuli Classical Conditioning & Personality Phobias fear of something in their personality...
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2012 for the course PGS 315 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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PGS 315, Lec 7 (Behavioral Approach) - The Behavioral...

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