Chapter One - Biological Roots of Psychology-Johannes...

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Chapter One What is Psychology? Psychology is the scientific study of the causes of behavior. Why is behavior studied? - To understand human behavior - To explain why people do what they do Fields of Psychology - Scientists - Practioners Areas of Psychological Research - Physiological - Comparative - Behavior Genetics - Cognitive Psychology - Cognitive Neuroscience (Brain) - Developmental - Social - Personality - Evolutionary - Cross-cultural - Clinical (40% of all Psychologists) Applied Psychology - Clinical Neuropsychologist - Health Psychologist - School Psychologist - Community Psychologist - Engineering Psychologist - Forensic Psychologist Philosophical Roots of Psychology - René Descartes (1596 – 1650): Dualist (Mind & Matter follow separate laws); Rationalism - John Locke (1632 – 1704): Monist (Mind & Matter follow the same laws); Empiricism
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Unformatted text preview: Biological Roots of Psychology-Johannes Muller (1801 1858): doctrine of specific nerve energies-Paul Broca (1824 1880): localization of speech production-Gustav Fritsch (1833 1927) & Eduard Hitziig (1893 blahblah)-Hermann von Helmholtz-Ernest weber Chapter Four Planning Moving Frontal lobes involved in planning strategies for action, evaluating them, and changing them in necessary Cerebellum knows that movements the front lobes intend to accomplish and what it is doing Basal ganglia involved in the ctntrol of particularly slow motor movements Hippocampus spatial orientation and episodic memory or out ability to learn and remember experience from our daily lives...
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Chapter One - Biological Roots of Psychology-Johannes...

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