The Birth of the Factory

The Birth of the Factory - THE FACTORY SYSTEM:...

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THE FACTORY SYSTEM: INDUSTRIALIZATION PART 1 Thursday, September 15, 2011
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OUTLINE Manufacture before industrialization: The putting out system Turnpikes and Canals: The transportation system that made the factory possible. The London Brewers: Industrialization of the brewing industry. Thursday, September 15, 2011
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PUTTING OUT SYSTEM A system of manufacture where raw materials are purchased by a central agent and distributed to a collection of independent artisans, working in their own homes, to be fashioned into goods. The central agent pays by the piece and collects the Fnished product from the artisans to be sold on, generally as reFned material. Thursday, September 15, 2011
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PUTTING OUT SYSTEM 2: EXAMPLE Entrepreneur purchases bails of wool. Wool is distributed to artisan households in the Cotswolds. Children card the wool, women spin the wool into thread and men weave it into cloth. ( These stages would not always take place in the same household but in the Cotswolds they generally did. ) Entrepreneur picks up the cloth from the artisan households generally to be sold on to tailors, sail makers etc. it is a means of producing a reFned material for a further stage of production. Thursday, September 15, 2011
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TURNPIKES AND CANALS Mid 17th century roads in Britain are poorly maintained and unreliable making transport slow and dangerous. Late 17th century sees the development of turnpike companies building reliable all weather roads and charging tolls to pay for maintenance. Late 17th - early 18th century sees enlargement of river navigations and development of a canal system. By 1750 all towns in England, Wales and Scotland, are connected
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The Birth of the Factory - THE FACTORY SYSTEM:...

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