Ch 3_Assessment & Diagnosis_student version (1)

Ch 3_Assessment & Diagnosis_student version (1) -...

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Clinical Assessment and Diagnosis
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Psychological Assessment The process of gathering and integrating information about  a client’s  Patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors Current concerns or symptoms History/Background Culture And more! In order to: Understand the individual Identify diagnoses and/or presenting concerns Postulate potential causes Plan treatment 
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Psychological Assessment Cont. Can be done as precursor to treatment or for  assessment purposes only (e.g., testing for  LD/giftedness)   Always incorporates clinical interview; use of other  tests depends on particular questions/hypotheses 
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Reliability =>consistency  Internal (across items) test-retest (across time) inter-rater (across people/raters)  Validity Concurrent- e.g., multiple IQ Tests give same # Discriminant- e.g., depressed vs. not depressed Predictive validity- e.g., will do well in school
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Standardization The test is administered and scored the same way  across individuals Differences in results attributed to differences in  individual assessed rather than to testing procedures
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Clinical interview Most common clinical assessment method Structured or semi-structured SCID 
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Mental status exam Appearance and behavior Thought processes Mood and affect Intellectual functioning Orientation Physical exam
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Behavioral assessment Direct observation of behavior-environment relations Purpose is to identify problematic behaviors and  situations Identify antecedents, behaviors, and consequences
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Behavioral observation and behavioral  assessment Can be either formal or informal Self-monitoring vs. observation Reactivity problem
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Situation/ Date/Time Emotion (0-100) Thoughts and Predictions Consider the Evidence Rational Response
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2012 for the course ECON 445 taught by Professor Mcmanus during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Ch 3_Assessment & Diagnosis_student version (1) -...

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