Ch. 9_Personality Disorders_student version

Ch. 9_Personality Disorders_student version - Personality...

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Personality Disorders
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Personality on the Continuum What is personality? Patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors Consistent over time and situations The Big Five CANOE or OCEAN
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Personality Disorders: Overview DSM Personality disorders Extreme end of the continuum Enduring and relatively stable predispositions which are inflexible and maladaptive (cause distress, danger, impairment) Coded on Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR
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Overview (cont) DSM-IV-TR personality disorder clusters Cluster A – odd or eccentric cluster Cluster B – dramatic, emotional, erratic cluster Cluster C – fearful or anxious cluster
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Facts and Statistics Prevalence 0.5% to 2.5% Rates are higher in inpatient and outpatient settings Gender distribution and bias Origins and course Start in childhood Chronic if untreated High comorbidity
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Cluster A: Paranoid Personality Disorder Extremely distrustful of others; sees threat in everything Key emotion = fear Hostile, argumentative, and defensive Misinterprets social cues often Pathological Jealousy
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Cluster A: Paranoid Personality Disorder Causes Biological and psychological contributions are unclear Early learning that people are dangerous and the world is a dangerous place Treatment Few seek professional help on their own Treatment focuses on development of trust Cognitive therapy to counter negativistic thinking
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Schizoid Personality Disorder Detached from normal social relationships: prefers to be alone Indifferent to others including criticism Solitary Jobs Little pleasure from bodily or sensory experiences; no ambition Constricted emotional life; passive Socially inept
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Cluster A: Schizoid Personality Disorder Causes Etiology is unclear Preference for social isolation resembles autism Treatment options Few seek professional help on their own Focus on the value of interpersonal relationships Building empathy and social skills
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This sounds like _____ symptoms of schizophrenia A) Negative B) Positive C) Type I D) Type III
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2012 for the course ECON 445 taught by Professor Mcmanus during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Ch. 9_Personality Disorders_student version - Personality...

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