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2 - for the transmission of scientific fact Not just...

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John Locke 1. Philosopher Committed to Science 2. Lived through time of Great Political Turmoil 3. Educated in the Midst of the Scientific Revolution 4. Embraced and promoted Empiricism: A view that knowledge comes from experience via the senses and that science also flourishes through observation and experiment. 5. Path to Truth: Not accessible through opinion of authorities An essay concerning Human Understanding (1690) Structure: 1. Book 1 argues that we have Scientific Revolution – Rethinking Rhetoric 1. Should rhetoric/communication still focus on persuasive discourse or expand? Yes 2. Should Rhetoric/communication still focus on artistic proofs or expand? Yes, 3. Should rhetoric/communication still focus on deductive reasoning (syllogism) or emphasize inductive reasoning? 4. What approach to style should be taken? #1 Locke’s Response:
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Locke privileged scientific knowledge and thus focused on modes of discourse suitable
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Unformatted text preview: for the transmission of scientific fact. Not just argumentation but also description and exposition #2 Locke’s Response: Empiricism shaped Locke’s approach to knowledge and preference for external sources of data (inartistic proofs) Two Step Model of Knowledge: 1) First the senses perceive ideas 2) Then the mind reflects on those sensations #3 Locke’s Response: Understanding is not “taught to reason by methods of syllogizing.” (Book II) The Imperfection of Words: 1. Difficulties caused by the double use of words (817) Recording our own thoughts and communicating thoughts 2. Difficulties caused by Philosophical Use of Words (817/822) Even Complications in civil use of words (819) 3. Difficulties caused by communicating complex ideas: Moral worlds- No standard in nature. (815) and not learned...
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