11 - Plato Orator as Philosopher Purpose of Rhetoric...

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Plato: Orator as Philosopher Purpose of Rhetoric: Gorgias: Isocrates: Entertain (ceremonial) Educate (Paideia) Convince (Forensic) Solve practical problems (polis) Gorgias: Musical, Poetic Performance, style Isocrates: Informed, Reasoned, Argumentation, Substance Plato (427-347 BCE) 1. Had an aristocratic upbringing 2. Student of Socrates (469-399 B.C.E.) Philosophy: Question the validity of all accepted truths and beliefs Executed for corrupting youth and impiety 3. Skeptical of democracy: promotes elite Philosopher kings -Gorgias dialogue frames sophists and politicians as flatterers and corrupters of the public 4. Truth is transcendent and absolute: Gorgias: Truth revealed through philosophy which employs rigorous dialectic whereas rhetoric only functions as means of advocacy and manipulation Phaedras: Is there potential for truth through rhetoric?
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5. Established an academy that competed with the school started by Isocrates -Admitted female students -Curriculum: Math, Natural Science and Political Theory
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2012 for the course CRS 183 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Syracuse.

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11 - Plato Orator as Philosopher Purpose of Rhetoric...

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