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Unformatted text preview: Trade union membership (1900): Britain 3m Germany 1.5 m France 1m Middle Classes: Who were the middle classes? Artisans, Craftsmen, Shopkeepers Managers of large corporations Free Professions White collar workers Women in the belle époque: Bourgeoisie ideal Working women: Most common Challenges to Liberalism: Great Depression (1873-1896) Sots Catholics Rejections of Liberalism: Anarchism Racism-Social Darwinism Political Anti-Semitism The Dreyfus Affair Dreyfusards vs anti-dreyfusards...
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- Fall '10
- Industrial Revolution, agrarian population France, Consumer goods Tertiary, Shopkeepers Managers