14 - Ideal Legacies of the `Dual Revolution': Liberalism...

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Ideal Legacies of the ‘Dual Revolution’: Liberalism –Moderate (constitutional monarchy) Radical (republican – working class) Conservatism – Restoration (1815-1848) Socialism - Marxism Nationalism The Middle Classes and 19 th Century Liberalism: Main theme: The ‘Dual Revolution’ brought about an expansion of the middle classes and the spread of liberalism, which in turn promoted political reform and revolution throughout much of Europe during the 19 th century. Who were the ‘middle classes?’ 15-20% of Western European Population (Bankers, industrialists, large merchants Businessmen, property owners, lawyers, doctors Petite-bourgeoisie: shopkeepers, café owners, teachers) “Bourgeois values” Liberty Profit = respectability Hard work, discipline, thriftiness, profit
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Family and Domestic Sphere: Marriage Children – fewer Gender roles: Women (viewed as domestic preservers) Housing/ comfort Bourgeois Culture: Literacy- reading became an important part of one’s life, growth of newspapers
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2012 for the course HISTORY 112 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Syracuse.

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14 - Ideal Legacies of the `Dual Revolution': Liberalism...

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