EE 330 Lect 2 Fall 2011

EE 330 Lect 2 Fall 2011 - EE 330 Lecture 2 Basic Concepts...

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EE 330 Lecture 2 Basic Concepts
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Challenges • Managing increasing device count • Short lead time from conception to marketplace • Process technology advances • Device Performance Degradation • Increasing variability • Increasing pressure for cost reduction • Power Dissipation Review from Last Time
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Creation of Integrated Circuits Most integrated circuits are comprised of transistors along with a small number of passive components and maybe a few diodes This course will focus on understanding how transistors operate and on how they can be interconnected and possibly combined with a small number of passive components to form useful integrated circuits Review from Last Time
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Review from Last Time • Semiconductor Industry is One of the Largest Sectors in the World Economy and Growing • Rapidly Growing Device Count and Rapidly Shrinking Feature Sizes (Moore’s Law?) • Designers Must Handle Incredible Complexity Yet Work in Large Teams and Make Almost No Mistakes
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ITRS Technology Predictions ITRS 2004 Supply Voltage Predictions 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 YEAR Volts Analog Digital Review from Last Time
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ITRS Technology Predictions Minimum ASIC Gate Length 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 YEAR Length in nm Review from Last Time
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Texas Instruments: World’s largest producer of analog semiconductors, 2 nd in DSP Number of employees: 28,400 Ranks 3 rd in World in semiconductor sales 2010 sales: $14.0B 2010 income: $3.2B Average annual sales/employee: $490K Average annual earnings/employee: $113K Selected Semiconductror Company Profiles
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Intel : World’s largest producer of semiconductors Number of employees: 82,500 2010 sales: $43.6B 2010 income: $11.5B Average annual sales/employee: $528K Average annual earnings/employee: $139K Cofounders: Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore Robert Noyce BA Grinnell 1949 Selected Semiconductror Company Profiles
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Marvell: Number of employees: 5890 2010 sales: $3.6B 2010 income: $904M Average annual sales/employee: $611K Average annual earnings/employee: $159K Cofounders: Sehat Sutardja (CEO), Welli Dai and Pantas Sutardja BSEE IASTATE (approx 1985) Selected Semiconductror Company Profiles Sehat Sutardja Fabless Semiconductor Company
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Considerable Cash Flow Inherent in the Semiconductor Industry
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Essentially All Activities Driven by Economic Considerations Many Designs Cost Tens of Millions of Dollars Mask Set and Production of New Circuit Approaching $2 Million New Foundries Costs Approaching $10 Billion (few players in World can compete) Many Companies Now Contract Fabrication (Fabless Semiconductor Companies) Time to Market is Usually Critical
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EE 330 Lect 2 Fall 2011 - EE 330 Lecture 2 Basic Concepts...

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