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Lecture 2 - Lecture 2 How psychology study...

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Lecture 2 : How psychology study behavior -Descriptive methods... -involve attempts to measure or record behaviors, thoughts or feelings in their natural state. -Experimental methods.. -involve attempts to manipulate social processes by varying some aspect of the situation -Ethical issues psychologists ( and other fields) use five major types of descriptive methods- 1. naturealistic observation - involves observing behavior as it unfolds in its natural setting Advantages: -behaviors are spontaneous -doesn't rely on peoples ability to report on their own experiences Dis- advantages: -researcher may interfere with ongoing behavior -some interesting behaviors are very rare - Observer bias - researcher may selectivity attend to certain events and ignore others -time consuming 1. Case studies - involve intensive examination of a single person Advantages: -rich source of hypotheses -allows studies of rare behaviors Dis- advantages: -observer bias -difficult to generalize findings from a single case.
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