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Chapter 14 Notes - Chapter 14 Notes Climate is the...

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Chapter 14 Notes Climate is the collective state of the atmosphere for a given place over a specified interval of time. Climate sums up the weather’s long term behavior. Climate includes a location, time, and averages and extremes of variables. The five basic factors that affect climate are: latitude, elevation, topography, proximity to large bodies of water, and prevailing atmospheric circulation. Climate is divided into climate zones which identify regions with similar characteristics. The Koppen Classification Scheme is the most widely used classification scheme. It has six main groups or zones: o Tropical Moist (A)- divided into three subtypes: Tropical Wet Climates (Af), Tropical Wet and Dry Climates (Aw), Tropical Monsoon (Am). The mean monthly temperature is high in these climates. o Dry (B)- divided into two subtypes: Steppe or Semiarid (BS) and arid or desert (BW). There is more land area in B climates than any other single type of climate. Evaporation exceeds precipitation in these climates.
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